And make sure that, if you use a queen excluder, you remove it between the deeps and the super-don't want the cluster to move up without the queen!No. Bees prefer honey overhead. They prefer pollen below. I winter in a medium, deep, medium config. I'm going for what bees would naturally want to do.
Why the bottom and not the top? I am under the strong impression bees like their honey overhead where it is warmer. In my area I have chosen a medium+deep+medium configuration, top to bottom and all year. ( I also used what I had at the time but see no reason to change.) What I observe is the bees, in general, use the bottom medium frames as expansion space if needed, an exchange or hand-off area like a subway station and a place to hang out during summer. During Fall feeding they fill the top medium with honey (I can add super honey frames if necessary but feed 2:1syrup). They also backfill the deep or main brood chamber as major brood rearing ceases. The bottom becomes a moisture condenser (cold spot), possibly a location for excess syrup honey (I will be checking soon). I look to have a minimum of 80 lb. net syrup honey or nectar honey. A 10-frame medium plus 7 deep frames gives me the needed space for honey leaving three deep frames for brood and bee bread ( in the center so it seems). This leaves the bottom for adapting to the seasons.I usually overwinter with 2 8-frame deeps. This year's harvest was way more than I expected and wanted to leave a super of honey on each hive. I just wanted to confirm that I should be putting this on the bottom of the stack.