Just did my first cutout of the 2014 season in Montana. Still snow on the ground in spots. Dogs water still freezes every morning. Colony of bees in a wood duck nesting box. By the look of the comb they have been in there at least 3 or 4 years or longer. They broke every rule in the beekeepers hand book yet they survived through -40+ winters for several years. Box was eight feet in the air on a pipe. Wasn't wrapped. Entrance faced north. Entrance was 2-1/2" in diameter and wide open, no entrance reducer. You could see the comb through the entrance. North facing entrance was right in the cold north wind. No wind break on any side. 1x material for box. Box was about the size of a single deep, so couldn't have had a lot of stores. Have I forgot any of the rules? Any of you out there that think your bee's froze to death think again. They were already dead before they froze.