Walt Wright was born and raised in Burtonsville, MD, then a barefoot country boy area, and now suburbia of a sprawling Washington, DC. He enlisted in the Air Force to get electronics training, and served as a radar repairman. After service time he joined General Electric in maintaining overseas sites of the Security Service (spell that SPY).
Still with GE, in 1960 he relocated to Huntsville, Ala./Redstone Arsenal to make his contribution on the nation's quest to put a man on the moon. Development of the propulsive stages of the Saturn V moon rocket was accomplished by NASA on Redstone Arsenal. His responsibility on that program was electronic compatibility of subsystems within stages and compatibility between propulsive stages and the electronics of the instrument ring. No interaction (interference/noise) was permitted between systems on the man-rated launch vehicle.

For the Shuttle program, an added responsibility was systems engineer for on-board Range Safety components. The Air Force has autonomous authority to destroy any launch from the Cape area that poses a threat to populated areas of eastern Florida. Astronauts on board is no exception. If the launch strays from the predicted trajectory, the Air Force can destroy the vehicle by radio command. On-board equipment to implement destruct includes the command receiving and processing electronics and pyrotechnics to disperse propellants.

Walt is aware that the above work history provides very weak credentials to be considered as a honey bee "expert." He took up beekeeping in his late fifties to supplement retirement income. Confident in his trouble shooting skills, he accepted the challenge "very early" to get to the bottom of the swarming problem. He credits observation skills, sharpened by years of electronics trouble-shooting, for solving the riddle. He was surprised that it was as easy as it was. When his hypothesis was in place in three years, he thought at first it must be in error. Surely, thousands of beekeepers, looking into millions of hives, could not possibly have missed the obvious. His conclusion: beekeepers see, but do not observe, or ask themselves why the bees do what they do.

Honey bees are motivated by survival of the colony. Survival of the existing colony is priority one. In the spring, priority two is the generation of the reproductive swarm. Not even that much is described in the popular literature. Walt concentrated his investigation of swarming in terms of colony activities that support those survival objectives. His findings are a radical departure from literature conventional wisdom. As an example, he claims that all the elements of "congestion", such as bee crowding and nectar in the brood nest, are deliberate steps to implementing the reproductive swarm process, and not the other way around. The literature has congestion as the "cause" and that's backwards.

Getting his observations published has been slow moving. Editors of the magazines have an obligation to their subscribers to weed out the chaff from crackpots. Natural skepticism creates mostly rejections of submitted articles. For the year 06 he resorted to writing articles on general beekeeping techniques to build a base of credibility.

He looks forward to presenting his observations through Beesource. It should not be necessary via this medium to appease editors or their advisors. As a start in telling it like it is, he announces point blank: The mystery of reproductive swarming has been solved.

Walter William Wright
August 24, 1932 - February 6, 2016
*Spring Reversal Not Good Management for All Areas?American Bee JournalJan-96
*Spring Management is Mandatory With Tracheal MitesAmerican Bee JournalFeb-96
*A Different Twist on Swarm Prevention, Part 1American Bee JournalMar-96
*A Different Twist on Swarm Prevention, Part 2American Bee JournalApr-96
*Checkerboarding – A Preliminary Update on My Swarm Control MethodAmerican Bee JournalJun-96
*Checkerboarding WorksAmerican Bee JournalJul-96
*Swarm Prevention Alternative – Checkerboarding Results and ConclusionsAmerican Bee JournalNov-96
*Tennessee Early Spring ManagementBee CultureDec-96
*Playing It SafeBee CultureFeb-97
*Swarm Prevention in TennesseeBee CultureMar-97
*Apply Survival Traits of Honey Bees for Swarm Prevention and Increased Honey Production, Part 1American Bee JournalFeb-02
*Apply Survival Traits of Honey Bees for Swarm Prevention and Increased Honey Production, Part 2American Bee JournalMar-02
*Nectar Management 101Bee CultureFeb-02
*Is It Congestion?Bee CultureFeb-03
*Survival Traits of the European Honey BeeBee CultureMar-03
*Seasonal Colony Survival TraitsBee CultureApr-03
*Swarm PreperationBee CultureMay-03
*Colony Spring OperationBee CultureJun-03
*Colony Decision Making – And a Look at Observation Hive *BehaviorBee CultureOct-03
*Evils of the Double DeepBee CultureNov-03
*Survival Traits #6 – Operational Effects on Nectar AccumulationBee CultureApr-04
Pollen Box OverwinteringBee CultureSep-04
Do You Get Black Locust in the Supers?Bee CultureJan-05
Are They Supersedure or Swarm Cells?Bee CultureJul-05
Fall FeedingBee CultureNov-05
Nine Frame Brood Chamber? Never!Bee CultureJan-06
Drone ManagementBee CultureMar-06
Deficiencies in Design of the Queen ExcluderBee CultureApr-06
Advantages/Disadvantages of Swarm Prevention By Checkerboarding/Nectar ManagementBee CultureMay-06
The Reasons Why the Queen Excluder Limits Honey ProductionBee CultureJun-06
“Attic” VentilationBee CultureJul-06
Yarn # 1 – Little MommaBee CultureAug-06
*Backfilling – What’s That?Bee CultureSep-06
FreebeesBee CultureOct-06
Nest Scouts and the Dance LanguageBee CultureNov-06
Boardman Feeder/Stimulative FeedingBee CultureFeb-07
Splits Are a Sound InvestmentBee CultureMar-07
*The Capped Honey ReserveBee CultureApr-07
Art of BeekeepingBee CultureSep-07
CCD – Another OpinionBee CultureSep-08
How Many Eggs CAN a Queen Lay?Bee CultureNov-08
More on the Pollen ReserveBeeSource POVMar-09
Adverse Effects of the “Patty”Bee CultureApr-09
Propolis – Another 5 PercenterBee CultureMay-09
Objections To The Double DeepBee CultureDec-09
Colony Age EffectsBee CultureFeb-10
Small Hive Beetle – My PerspectiveBee CultureJul-10
*Prevent Swarming – Before The Bees Even Think About ItBee CultureFeb-11
*Increased Honey Production of Checkerboarded ColoniesBee CultureApr-11
*CB Saves Work, Time, And ExpensesBee CultureJun-11
*Nectar Storage Before The Main FlowBeeSource POV
Nectar Management Works! - by Rob KossBeeSource POV
Management For Honey ProductionBeeSource POV
Supplement To Management For Honey Production HandoutBeeSource POV
  NECTAR MANAGEMENT - Principles and Practices BeeSource POV
Note: Title with an asterisk (*) in front are pertinent to Nectar Management.