I can't reply from experience, only from what I've read (and that's quite a lot). I ended up gluing AND nailing. The word is that frames suffer from abuse: having to pry them out after propolis and bridge comb effectively glue the frames to the hive body. They're prone to failure if it's not a VERY solid connection.
I used Titebond II on mine - waterproof and very effective from all my other woodworking projects. Haven't read anything anywhere cautioning away from any Titebond product. All Titebond water-based wood glues are considered non-toxic.
Over this past weekend, I bought the cheap Lowes 99 buck special, Porter Cable 2 gal. compressor and a brad/staple gun. I cut and assembled about a hundred frames, 7 sbb and 7 inner covers, 7 outer covers. I also used it to build a frame assembly jig which lets me glue and nail 10 frames in just a couple of minutes.
This cheap set won't last forever of course but if it dies tomorrow, it has already paid for itself in the time saved.
(I'm using regular old Titebond glue (with no number) since Lowes had it on sale a couple years ago for next to nothing so I bought gallons of it.)
I have the same stapler Sponge and love it. If you are gonna stay in bee keeping might as well get a decent one. I'm sure harbor frieghts are fine. I have some of there tools also. I got tired of nailing frames real quick. It don't take long to need a bunch of frames. Plus I like to use it to help hold hive bodies together before I put a few screws in them.
TB2 is usually cheaper than 3, and for bee purposes does just as good a job. Also, glue and nail. The crown staples work much better than nails, as they don't pull thru like nails do. Also i assume you're using a frame nailing jig? An excellent time saver.
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