An article in today's NYT caught my eye, but I found it frustratingly vague about the actual beekeeping itself, not to mention more pictures of modern Langstroth hives and equipment than the traditional hollow log hives.
In northeastern Turkey, the beekeeping traditions of the Hemshin people, an ethnic minority originating from Armenia, are both evolving and at risk of vanishing.
So a quick google for "karakovan" yielded some interesting videos.
The first of which shows the hollow log hives in the article's subject's region's distinctive tree platforms, and a guy harvesting some honey. The action begins at 1m21s
But peoples of other regions, possibly those without bears, just stack hollow logs on the ground as their hives.
The honey harvesting seems to be much more civilized than skeps, with the honeycomb being cut out from the other end of the log away from the bees' entrance, instead of destroying the brood to get to the honey.
An article from earlier thread about traditional beekeeping says this is what traditional beekeeping throughout the Mediterranean looks like, although they used whatever resources were at hand, clay pots, rock hollows in cliffsides, or whatever.