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Local feral survivors in eight frame medium boxes.
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It took me a long time to find The Australasian Bee Manual and the first one I found was from 1886. I was searching for it because I wanted to read about the Hopkins Method of queen rearing from Hopkins. Unfortunately the 1886 version did not have the Hopkins method in it. However he did have a method very similar to Jay Smith's Better Queens. I put that one on my web site here: Isaac Hopkins on Queen Rearing from The Australasian Bee Manual, 1886

I finally found a 1911 edition of The Australasian Bee Manual which had the "Hopkins Method" in it and put it here along with the description of it in Pellet's Practical Queen Rearing: Hopkins Method of Queen Rearing from Chapter XII page 108 of the Australasian Bee Manual Five Edition 1911 by Isaac Hopkins. The section titled "Another Method of Raising Cells."

You can read those for free on my website. What I found, however, is that Hopkins was a very practical beekeeper and I found his book quite useful as well as interesting. So I published the entire book which I have for sale if you are interested in the complete book. It also contains Forty-two years of Bee-keeping in New Zealand as an appendix as well as Pellet's version of the Hopkins method and, since it was quite different and quite useful, the 1886 Australasian Bee Manual's chapter on queen rearing.


This was probably the most influential book from New Zealand and Australia.
Details: Paperback 6 x 9 in. B&W 270 pages.
 

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Local feral survivors in eight frame medium boxes.
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Table Of Contents
I. Introductory And Historical............................. 1

ORIGIN OF THE ART OF BEE-KEEPING............................ 1
MODERN ART OF BEE-KEEPING...................................... 2
INTRODUCTION OF BEES INTO AUSTRALASIA................. 2
BEE-KEEPING IN AUSTRALASIA...................................... 3
PROFITS OF BEE-KEEPING............................................. 4
ADVICE TO BEGINNERS................................................. 5
AXIOM........................................................................... 5

II. The Honey Bee And Its Varieties................... 7
ITALIAN BEES................................................................ 8
MARKINGS OF PURE ITALIANS........................................ 8
HYBRID BEES................................................................. 9
AXIOM........................................................................... 9

III. Inmates Of The Hive: Their Natural History 10
STRUCTURAL ORGANISATION....................................... 12
HEAD OF WORKER BEE................................................ 13
REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS OF THE QUEEN..................... 15
PARTHENOGENESIS..................................................... 18
DEVELOPMENT FROM THE EGG TO THE BEE................. 18
THE STING................................................................... 21
LAYING OR FERTILE WORKERS..................................... 23
AXIOM......................................................................... 24

IV. What Bees Collect And What They Produce.. 25
HONEY......................................................................... 25
HONEY DEW................................................................ 26
ADULTERATION OF HONEY........................................... 27
BEESWAX.................................................................... 27
ADULTERATED BEESWAX, AND HOW TO DETECT IT..... 29
WILL IT PAY TO RAISE BEESWAX?................................ 29
RENDERING COMBS INTO COMMERCIAL WAX.............. 30
WAX PRESSES............................................................. 31
THE SOLAR WAX EXTRACTOR....................................... 33
SULPHURIC ACID FOR CLEANSING DIRTY WAX............. 35
HONEY AND BROOD COMBS......................................... 35
POLLEN AND BEE-BREAD............................................. 36
PROPOLIS.................................................................... 37
AXIOM......................................................................... 37

V. The Apiary Location..................................... 38
SHELTER...................................................................... 38
WATER........................................................................ 39
ARRANGEMENT OF THE APIARY.................................... 39
BUILDINGS. EXTRACTING HOUSE................................ 41
WINDOWS................................................................... 42
COMB ROOM................................................................ 42
MOVING BEES............................................................. 43
OUT-APIARIES............................................................. 44
OVERSTOCKING A DISTRICT........................................ 44

VI. Hives, Frames, And Section Boxes............... 46
HIVES.......................................................................... 46
LANGSTROTH HIVE........................................................ 47
INSTRUCTIONS FOR MAKING THE HIVES........................... 48
BOTTOM BOARD........................................................... 51
COVER........................................................................ 53
HALF-STORY BODIES..................................................... 55
NUCLEUS HIVES............................................................ 55
OBSERVATORY HIVES.................................................... 55
PAINTING HIVES........................................................... 55
HIVE CRAMP................................................................. 56
A CHEAP FRAME HIVE.................................................... 56
SELF-SPACING FRAMES................................................. 58
SHALLOW EXTRACTING FRAMES...................................... 59
BROAD SECTION-FRAMES............................................... 60
SECTION HOLDERS........................................................ 60
NUMBER OF FRAMES TO A HIVE....................................... 60
MATS FOR COVERING FRAMES........................................ 61
SECTION BOXES........................................................... 61
SEPARATORS............................................................... 62

VII. Comb Foundation...................................... 63
THE USE OF COMB-FOUNDATION................................. 64
FASTENING FOUNDATION IN FRAMES AND SECTIONS.. 65
WIRING FRAMES AND FOUNDATION............................. 66
EMBEDDING THE WIRE IN FOUNDATION...................... 67
AXIOM......................................................................... 68

VIII. The Honey Extractor And Extracting Appliances 69
REVERSIBLE BASKET EXTRACTORS.............................. 69
MOTOR POWER FOR EXTRACTING................................ 71
UNCAPPING KNIVES..................................................... 71
UNCAPPING CANS........................................................ 72
CAPPINGS MELTER....................................................... 74
AXIOM......................................................................... 75

IX. Handling Bees............................................ 76
BEE VEILS AND SMOKERS............................................ 76
FUEL FOR SMOKERS.................................................... 77
GLOVES....................................................................... 79
CURE FOR BEE STINGS................................................ 79
HOW TO OPEN A HIVE.................................................. 79
HANDLING THE FRAMES............................................... 80
COMB-HOLDER............................................................ 80
AXIOM......................................................................... 81

X. Transferring Bees....................................... 82
DRIVING BEES FROM COMMON BOXES........................ 82

XI. Increase: Natural And Artificial Swarming.. 84
WHAT RATE OF INCREASE IS DESIRABLE?.................... 84
CAUSE OF SWARMING................................................. 85
PREPARATION FOR SWARMING.................................... 85
SIZE OF SWARMS........................................................ 86
SYMPTOMS OF SWARMING........................................... 86
SWARMING SEASON.................................................... 87
PREPARING FOR SWARMS............................................ 87
ISSUE OF THE SWARM................................................. 87
DECAMPING SWARMS.................................................. 87
TAKING AND HIVING SWARMS..................................... 88
HIVING........................................................................ 88
HIVING BY CATCHING THE QUEEN............................... 89
PREVENTION OF SWARMING........................................ 89
PREVENTION OF AFTER-SWARMING............................. 90
INCREASE BY ARTIFICIAL MEANS................................. 91

XII. Queen Rearing.......................................... 92
IMPORTANCE OF REARING QUEENS............................. 92
choice of breeding queens................................... 92
RAISING QUEEN CELLS................................................ 92
THE DOOLITTLE PLAN.................................................. 93
THE ALLEY PLAN........................................................... 94
SEASON FOR QUEEN RAISING...................................... 95
SECURING DRONE-COMB............................................ 95
SECURING SELECTED EGGS........................................ 95
CUTTING THE COMB.................................................... 96
PREPARING A COLONY FOR QUEEN CELL BUILDING...... 97
RETURNING THE QUEEN AND BROOD........................... 97
NUCLEUS HIVES.......................................................... 97
FORMING NUCLEI........................................................ 98
THE EMERGING AND MATING OF YOUNG QUEENS........ 99
QUEEN NURSERIES.................................................... 100
INTRODUCING QUEENS............................................. 101
INTRODUCING CAGES............................................... 102
CANDY....................................................................... 103
DRONE TRAPS............................................................ 104
ITALIANISING AN APIARY........................................... 104
CLIPPING QUEEN’S WINGS........................................ 105
HOW TO CLIP............................................................. 105
SUPERSEDING QUEENS............................................. 106
SWARMING CELLS..................................................... 106
WOOD BASES FOR QUEEN CELLS............................... 107
FEEDING IN QUEEN REARING.................................... 107
ANOTHER METHOD OF RAISING CELLS....................... 107
CAUTION................................................................... 109

XIII. Surplus Honey....................................... 110
SPRING MANAGEMENT............................................... 110
TOP BOXES................................................................ 110
CONTRACTING HIVE SPACE....................................... 110
SPRING FEEDING....................................................... 111
STIMULATIVE FEEDING.............................................. 112
FEEDERS................................................................... 113
UNITING.................................................................... 114
SURPLUS HONEY SUPERS (EXTRACTED HONEY)......... 114
QUEEN EXCLUDER HONEY BOARDS............................ 114
ADDITIONAL TOP BOXES............................................ 116
EXTRACTING.............................................................. 117
COMB BASKET AND BRUSH........................................ 117
THE DAISY BARROW.................................................. 118
NUMBERING THE FRAMES OF EACH HIVE................... 119
RIPENING EXTRACTED HONEY................................... 119
RIPENING HONEY INSIDE AND OUTSIDE THE HIVE..... 120
RIPENING HONEY OUTSIDE THE HIVE........................ 120
RIPENING AND MATURING TANKS.............................. 121
HONEY-STRAINERS.................................................... 122
LIQUEFYING GRANULATED HONEY............................. 123
WORKING FOR COMB HONEY..................................... 123
“BAIT” SECTIONS....................................................... 124
AXIOM....................................................................... 124
XIV. Autumn And Winter Management............ 125
TAKING THE LAST SURPLUS HONEY............................ 125
BEE ESCAPES............................................................ 125
AUTUMN BREEDING................................................... 126
UNITING.................................................................... 127
ROBBING................................................................... 127
PRECAUTIONS............................................................ 128
TO STOP ROBBING...................................................... 128
PREPARING FOR WINTER........................................... 129
WINTER FOOD SUPPLY.................................................. 129
SPARE TOP BOXES...................................................... 129
EXTRA MATS AND COVERS............................................ 130
WINTER VENTILATION.................................................. 130
SECURING COVERS IN WINTER...................................... 130
AXIOM....................................................................... 131

XV. Diseases And Enemies Of Bees................. 132
DISEASES.................................................................. 132
FOUL BROOD IN AUSTRALASIA...................................... 133
SYMPTOMS OF FOUL BROOD (Bacillus Larvae).................. 133
SYMPTOMS OF “BLACK BROOD” (Bacillus Alvei)................. 134
TREATMENT OF FOUL BROOD (Bacillus Larvae).................. 135
FEEDING AND DISINFECTING........................................ 136
AFTER-INSPECTION..................................................... 137
TO PREVENT SWARMING OUT....................................... 137
SAVING HEALTHY BROOD.............................................. 137
AUTUMN TREATMENT.................................................... 138
YOUNG QUEENS.......................................................... 138
TREATMENT OF “BLACK BROOD” (Bacillus Alvei)................ 138
OTHER DISEASES...................................................... 139
“MALIGNANT AND INFECTIOUS DYSENTERY.”............. 139
SYMPTOMS AND REMEDY.............................................. 139
ENEMIES................................................................... 140
ANTS........................................................................ 140
BIRDS....................................................................... 141
THE BEE OR WAX MOTHS.............................................. 141
THE REMEDY............................................................... 143
FUMIGATING COMBS.................................................... 143

XVI. The New Zealand Apiaries Act................. 144
INTERPRETATION....................................................... 144
AXIOM....................................................................... 146

XVII. Bee Forage: Bees In Relation To Horticulture And Agriculture 147
WHITE CLOVER HONEY.............................................. 147
BEES AND HORTICULTURE......................................... 148
BEES DO NOT INJURE FRUIT...................................... 148
SHELTER.................................................................... 149
SPRAYING FRUIT TREES............................................. 149
BEES AND AGRICULTURE........................................... 149
FLIGHT OF BEES........................................................ 150

XVIII. Bees In Relation To Agriculture........... 151
ARE BEES TRESPASSERS?.......................................... 151
BENEFICIAL INFLUENCE OF BEES ON AGRICULTURE.. 152
CAN BEES HARM THE SOIL OR THE CROPS?............... 153
SACCHARINE MATTER OF PLANTS NOT DERIVED FROM THE SOIL. 154
DERIVED FROM THE ATMOSPHERE AND RAIN-WATER. 155
NECTAR OF PLANTS INTENDED TO ATTRACT INSECTS. 155
SOMETIMES THROWN OFF AS SUPERFLUOUS............. 156
SUPERFLUOUS NECTAR EVAPORATED IF NOT TAKEN BY INSECTS. 157
QUESTION AS TO GRAZING STOCK............................ 158
QUANTITY OF HONEY FURNISHED BY PASTURE-LAND. 159
PROPORTION POSSIBLY CONSUMED BY STOCK.......... 160
BEE-KEEPING AS A BRANCH OF FARMING.................. 161
AXIOM....................................................................... 162

XIX. Calendar And Bee-Keeper's Axioms......... 163
VARIABILITY OF SEASONS.......................................... 163
BEE-KEEPER'S AXIOMS.............................................. 165

Appendices.................................................... 168

Frank Pellet’s Presentation Of The Hopkins Method 169

Big Batches Of Natural Cells By The Hopkins Or Case Method. 169

Queen Rearing 1886 Edition Of Australasian Bee Manual 173
NECESSITY OF THE PRACTICE.................................... 173
A WORD CONCERNING DRONES................................ 174
ENTRANCE GUARDS................................................... 174
HOW TO SECURE CHOICE QUEEN CELLS.................... 175
FORMING NUCLEI...................................................... 180
HOW TO INSERT QUEEN CELLS.................................. 181
MY METHOD OF FORMING NUCLEI AND INSERTING QUEEN CELLS. 182
MATING YOUNG QUEENS........................................... 182
NECESSARY DISTANCE APART OF DIFFERENT RACES TO ENSURE PURE MATING. 183

Forty-Two Years Of Bee-Keeping In New Zealand 1874-1916. 185
SOME REMINISCENCES. By I. HOPKINS...................... 185
To My Bee-Keeping Friends In New Zealand..................... 185
THE IMPORTATION OF THE HIVE BEE INTO NEW ZEALAND. 186
"A FEW SIMPLE RULES FOR NEW ZEALAND BEEKEEPERS..... 188
THE FIRST NEW ZEALAND BEE MANUAL..................... 189
PRIMITIVE BEEKEEPING............................................. 189
THE HONEY MARKET IN THOSE DAYS......................... 190
BEEKEEPING IN OTHER COUNTRIES........................... 191
THE FIRST STAGE OF PROGRESS IN NEW ZEALAND.... 191
THE FIRST MOVABLE-FRAME HIVE IN NEW ZEALAND.. 192
FURTHER PROGRESS.................................................. 193
THE FIRST HONEY RAISED UNDER THE NEW SYSTEM. 194
THE FIRST CONTRIBUTIONS ON MODERN BEE CULTURE TO THE PRESS. 194
A SUPPLY BUSINESS.................................................. 195
INTRODUCTION OF ITALIAN BEES INTO NEW ZEALAND. 196
FIRST EDITION OF "THE NEW ZEALAND BEE MANUAL.” 196
STARTING THE FIRST COMMERCIAL BEE FARMS AT MATAMATA. 197
THE MATAMATA APIARY.............................................. 198
THE FIRST OUT-APIARY.............................................. 199
IMPORTING HOLY LAND QUEENS................................ 199
OFFICIAL PERMISSION TO SEND QUEEN BEES THROUGH THE POST. 200
THE FIRST COMMERCIAL QUEENREARING APIARY IN AUSTRALASIA. 200
THE TRADE IN COMB FOUNDATION............................ 201
COMB-FOUNDATION MACHINES................................. 202
A NOVEL FOUNDATION MACHINE............................... 202
ADULTERATED BEESWAX........................................... 202
COMMERCIAL ADULTERATION OF BEESWAX............... 203
THE FIRST BEE JOURNAL IN THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE. 205
IMPORTING QUEENS DIRECT FROM ITALY.................. 206
IMPORTING SYRIAN, CYPRIAN, HOLY LAND, CARNIOLAN, AND SWISS ALPINE QUEENS DIRECT.................................................................................. 207
THE CHARACTERISTICS OF EASTERN BEES COMPARED. 208
FIRST EXHIBITION OF BEES, HONEY, AND APPLIANCES. 209
FIRST GENERAL BEE AND HONEY SHOW IN NEW ZEALAND. 209
FORMATION OF THE FIRST NATIONAL NEW ZEALAND BEEKEEPERS' ASSOCIATION. 210
THE FIRST BRANCH ASSOCIATION............................. 212
ESTABLISHMENT OF A HONEY DEPOT......................... 212
OUR FIRST TROUBLE.................................................. 213
THE FIRST CONFERENCE OF NEW ZEALAND BEEKEEPERS..... 214
THE FIRST BEE AND HONEY SHOW HELD UNDER THE AUSPICES OF THE NEW ZEALAND BEEKEEPERS' ASSOCIATION...................................... 214
EXTRACTS FROM "NEW ZEALAND AND AUSTRALIAN BEE JOURNAL." APRIL, 1885. 215
THE PRIZE LIST AND AWARDS.................................... 216
OTHER DISTRICT ASSOCIATIONS............................... 218
THE FIRST SIX-COMB REVERSIBLE HONEY EXTRACTORS USED IN NEW ZEALAND. 219
ADOPTION OF A STANDARD HIVE FOR NEW ZEALAND. 220
STANDARD HIVES IN AUSTRALIA................................ 220
PATENT HIVE MEN IN AUSTRALIA............................... 221
STIRRING HONEY — AN ACCIDENTAL DISCOVERY...... 222
THE BREAKING-UP OF MATAMATA APIARY.................. 223
BEEKEEPING AROUND AUCKLAND IN 1887................ 224
THE AUCKLAND HONEY MARKET IN 1887.................... 225
IMPROVING THE MARKET........................................... 225
STARTING THE "AUSTRALASIAN BEE JOURNAL."......... 226
REVIVAL OF THE NEW ZEALAND BEEKEEPERS' ASSOCIATION. 227
FOUL-BROOD............................................................. 228
THE DRUG CURE (?).................................................. 230
THE BOX-HIVE MAN................................................... 231
THE FIRST APIARIES BILL........................................... 231
FOUL-BROOD AND DISEASE IN BEES PREVENTION ACT. 232
SECOND SCHEDULE.................................................. 237
ADULTERATED HONEY FROM AMERICA....................... 237
HONEY PAMPHLETS.................................................... 239
BEEKEEPERS' PROTECTION FUND.............................. 240
RAILWAY FREIGHT ON HONEY AND HIVES.................. 241
THE FIRST ONE-PIECE SECTIONS MADE IN NEW ZEALAND. 243
DENSE HONEY........................................................... 244
POISONOUS HONEY................................................... 244
FROM 1892 TO 1905................................................. 246
THE ADVENT OF THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. 246
RAPID PROGRESS...................................................... 247
FORMATION OF BEEKEEPERS' ASSOCIATIONS............ 248
STARTING THE FIRST STATE APIARY........................... 248
LEGISLATION............................................................. 250
NEW REGULATIONS UNDER THE APIARIES ACT.......... 251
STATE APIARY AT THE CHRISTCHURCH EXHIBITION... 251
APPOINTMENT OF THE FIRST INSPECTORS................. 252
FOUL BROOD AT THE RUAKURA STATE APIARY........... 252
AN ANXIOUS PERIOD DURING THE TREATMENT.......... 253
STATE QUEEN REARING APIARY................................. 253
DISMANTLING THE WAERENGA APIARY...................... 254
THE NATIONAL BEEKEEPERS' ASSOCIATION OF NEW ZEALAND. 255
"THE N.Z. BEEKEEPERS' JOURNAL."............................ 256
N.Z. CO-OPERATIVE H0NEY PRODUCERS' ASSOCIATION. 256
THE INITIATION AND PROGRESS OF OUR HONEY EXPORT TRADE. 257
USE OF THE HYDROMETER......................................... 258
BRISTOL AND DOMINIONS PRODUCERS' ASSOCIATION. 258
GRADING HONEY FOR EXPORT................................... 259
CONCLUSION............................................................. 259
About The Author........................................... 261
 
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