When you catch a swarm is the queen already mated or does she mate after hiving? I got a swarm last week and put in my TBF hive as I was watching it the next day I beleive that I saw the queen take a flight. Maybe to be mated.
Primary swarms typically contain the mated queen that was previously heading up the parent hive. These swarms are usually pretty large.
Smaller (secondary) afterswarms often contain a virgin queen. I caught one of these this summer. It was small, maybe a bit bigger than a softball. I put it in a nuc, the queen mated and now they have got a single, deep filled and are working on deep #2. The queen lays a great pattern.
I have also caught afterswarms where there was no queen - it is possible that I missed the queen, but the swarms were so small that I can't believe that I missed the queen in every case (but I suppose it is possible).
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