the only time that closing them up for 3 days works is during the winter. If one moves a colony when there's 3 ****ty weather days ahead, they will generally re-orient.
This does NOT work once the foragers have already been out...foraging. Hence why your strategy failed.
If you read through some of the threads here, the only way to get them to re-orient reliably during the foraging season is to block the **** out of their front entrance to the point that it's 100% different looking which will force a partial re-orientation.
You could put a box there with some drawn comb and try to get them to the parent colony, but as soon as they fly out the next day, it's back to square one.