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I had a queenless hive that has apparently become queen-right by itself. How does this happen?

In march, I noticed this hive had apparently lost it's queen. A zillion drones and only drone brood. I think the hive swarmed on me and the new queen didn't mate.
Well crap.. I decided to catch a new swarm and watch this hive die off.

I caught a new swarm in late march and put it next door and left it alone for a few weeks. ( I live in an area with lots of wild bees where I could probably catch a new swarm every week in the spring.)

In may, I went back to inspect my recently hived swarm and expected to find the queenless hive dead and completely robbed but instead found it healthy.. Normal amount of workers. Not so many drones and they had nearly filled up the Flowhive super. Well lucky me..

Im wondering if a wild swarm invaded and took it over in April. does this happen?
 

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Some types of africanised bees do it. It's called a usurpation swarm.
 

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Aylett, VA 10-frame double deep Langstroth
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The caught swarm may have had more than one virgin queen it. Both got mated and one of them came back and was accepted into the queenless hive, maybe. I have watched a just mated queen go from hive to hive, trying I suppose to figure out which was hers. The bees escorted her out of the wrong ones and she did eventually make it back into "her" hive. I don't think a queenless hive would have refused her entrance.
 

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I had a hive about two years ago that had lost its queen and had declined severely. One day I went to shake the remaining bees out and store the equipment. When I opened the hive it was packed with bees and brood, needing additional room immediately. The increased population was in just a week or two so I doubt a queen had mated and started laying, too many bees. My guess is that a fall swarm (this was in September) had entered the hive and taken up residence. The hive has been a boomer since then.
 
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