I assume you are doing this as a "thank you" and not as part of any formal agreement?
A good hive in a prime location could easily produce 100+ pounds of honey a season. That's about 8 gallons. If your friend was a big consumer of honey, he might use two gallons a year but most people use much, much less. A generous "thank you" would probably be four quarts.
You could (depending on how many hives they are allowing) give them half the crop from one hive or 1 gallon whichever is more. BUT only if the bees make honey. Otherwise you could find yourself buying some suebee
Generally the land owner gets some benefit from having the bees on his property. That said, I give 4 quarts. And am very considerate of his property, asking a couple times a year if I need to do anything to alleviate any concern he has with the bees.
Ask the landowner how much honey they want. A pound of honey per hive is common, but as long as they are happy and you are happy - that's what's important.
I know a landowner who has some mature English walnut trees in his yard. For the past couple of years, I have given him a one pound jar of honey and he lets me pick up 6 or 8 five gallon buckets of walnuts.
I am putting a bee yard in this year on the back part of that farm. Gary told me the jar of honey I give him for the walnuts lasts him a long time. He doesn't eat much honey...just on his toast for breakfast. He said if he gets a couple of the one pound jars a year, he would be tickled to death. He knows I plan to have 20 or so hives at that location too.
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