Never used it. Never will.
A bit much don't you think? I'm not defending the practice for one minute but beekeepers put lots of things into their hives, often without approval, and unless caught there are no consequences.you will be arrested if you are caught using it in bee hives.
I am not sure either where you get arrested, though I really don't know. While it's true that Terramycin doesn't cure afb it's also a true statement to say that afb spores probably exist in most bee hives and that Terramycin does keep it pretty well in remission.A bit much don't you think? I'm not defending the practice for one minute but beekeepers put lots of things into their hives, often without approval, and unless caught there are no consequences.
If your point is that Terramycin is not permitted to be used on bees outside the US you could have made the point without the drama.
Do you?Jail? Really? Hmmm. Why not just say it's illegal and leave it at that? Or do you actually have evidence of beekeepers doing jail time?
Seriously! This is what you find relevant in this debate?! Not antibiotics in the honey, or purchasing bees treated with antibiotics, unaware that they may die without continued use because you have no idea they harbor AFB spores.Jail? Really? Hmmm. Why not just say it's illegal and leave it at that? Or do you actually have evidence of beekeepers doing jail time?
My theory goes something like this. Varroa/virus kills bees before AFB get a chance to get established. And, who is looking for it, consistently and effectively?After decades and decades of battling afb, I think it is fair to ask why it has seemingly disappeared. Actually I'm not suggesting it's tylosin, though it may well have been a factor. Perhaps a combination of varroa, shb and wax moths? Perhaps these aren't such a scourge after all.
Is that actually correct? I had an infection in my nasal passage and after taking antibiotics I no longer have the problem I had before. Are you saying that the antibiotics didn't cure the infection?Terramycin is an antibiotic. It does not cure a hive of AFB but keeps the disease suppressed
Using TM 25 to "cure" an infection in a colony is apt to lead to later problems. Although disease symptoms are no longer seen, AFB spores have contaminated the bees’ stored food. At some later date, the bees will get back into the spores and symptoms will develop, again. Then more antibiotic is used. Frequent or persistent exposure to Terramycin can select for resistant strains of bacteria.
Perhaps it is like a Staph infection, always nasty but not always antibiotic resistant. Not all staph become MRSA.I have seen cases where TM is used, the disease seems to have disappeared, TM treatment was stopped and the disease didn't return. How do we interperate that?