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  1. Diseases and Pests
    Honey Bee Apis mellifera Parasites in the Absence of Nosema ceranae Fungi and Varroa destructor Mites Few areas of the world have western honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies that are free of invasive parasites Nosema ceranae (fungi) and Varroa destructor (mites). Particularly detrimental is V...
  2. Bee Forum
    Okay, so there's a microbial environment in and around the hive. Those who are paying attention already know that it's important and some of the "why". It seems like the next set of questions is, "How?" How do we put that sort of information to practical use? In one thread, three years ago...