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chronic

  1. Scientific Studies / CCD / Neonics
    Comparative chronic toxicity of three neonicotinoids on New Zealand packaged honey bees Background Thiamethoxam, clothianidin, and imidacloprid are the most commonly used neonicotinoid insecticides on the Canadian prairies. There is widespread contamination of nectar and pollen with...
  2. Scientific Studies / CCD / Neonics
    Assessment of Chronic Sublethal Effects of Imidacloprid on Honey Bee Colony Health Here we present results of a three-year study to determine the fate of imidacloprid residues in hive matrices and to assess chronic sublethal effects on whole honey bee colonies fed supplemental pollen diet...
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