has anybody ever tried to keep Africanized bees in real African beehives like this one (smaller boxes smaller bee space (ie: frame spacing 31-32mm)), are the Africanized bees allergic to Imperial measurement system? ( 1,22" - 1,2598")
Designed by the Belgian professor Roch Domerengo, it is a hive specifically designed for the African bee and one of the most recent hive drawings since it dates from 1980 in Rwanda.
Dimensions (internal): 320mm cube 10 frames at 31-32mm spacing
the reduction of the "bee-space" seems to be the key to a peaceful beekeeping of the African bee
The Adansonian hive on Apiservices
Or (with the modern adaptation of the frame width) the modified Congolese hive (1925) (35 mm then)
Father Rueher's modified Congolese and France-Congo hive
which can be found here : Les abeilles de l'Afrique équatoriale française : leurs moeurs, leur culture(The bees of French Equatorial Africa: their behavior, their keeping)
We note a frame spacing of 35mm (1920 we had not yet understood that forAfrican bees it is between 31 and 32 mm) and that he then named the Top bars as "comb carrier"
"The primitive Congolese, which dates back to 1920, was modified on August 1926. The innovations made to this last model (fig. 16) only concern the roof and the bottom. The hive body does not change anything: it is placed on the tray where it is held by means of four trunnions."
"The roof is flat, formed by 15 mm. thick assembled planks and covered with a sheet of zinc or sheet metal. It protrudes 2 cm from the body. ½ sideways, which are taken by a frame 2 cm. high. So the tent fits on the hive, and does not give access to spiders and moths."
"The bottom, instead of being flat, has the shape of an inverted triangle, whose inner height is 12 cm., or a third of the base. It increases the volume of the hive by about 12 liters. The tray, being inclined, is at the same time made self-cleaning, but remains mobile or removable."
"1° The hive always remains clean, since the evacuation of waste and condensation water is accomplished by itself, thanks to the flared and inclined bottom."
"2° For bees: more space and more air. Instead of cluttering the tray and flight board, during rest, the workers remain in the hive and hang under the frames."
" 3° Given this particularity, an inspection or operation is easy to do: there are virtually no bees left on the combs."
"4° The entrance, made along the entire length of the hive, gives wide ventilation with the ventilation openings at the back. In addition, it is protected from the sun and guaranteed from the rain."
"5° Finally, thanks to the vacuum of "inner tube" ("chambre a air" en français dans le texte) under the frames, the workers, especially those of a large swarm, form the cluster for the production of wax for the construction of combs. We have seen this, and this is a very great advantage in itself."
Extract from: Rueher, J.-B. "Les Abeilles de l'Afrique équatoriale française. Their morals, their culture. Practical and easy instructions and methods for rational and modern beekeeping (1929).»
The "France Congo" Beehive
we find a new modification for the Metropolitan adaptation inThe Beekeeper of 1932 -02
Or here in PDF and again a description in the beekeeper (L'Apiculteur) 1931 on the colonial exhibition in Paris
Note that he named his top bars system "Umpropolisable "R" closing frame system" !.../...Then it's the technical drawings of my new hive:
"France-Congo" model 1931 - possibly the "Congolese 1925" transformed for the European climate.
At the bottom, - on its base, rests the hive with its frames. A large table shows its main characteristics,
as follows: Illuminated horizontal hive -
Mobilist system with
1° One or two bodies.
2° Cold buildings for hot countries,
3° Hot buildings for cold countries.
Indeed, this hive can be instantly converted into one or the other system.
4° Mobile frame divider-door in perforated zinc, dividing the body into honey and brood compartments.
5° Inner tube for summer.
6° Moving floor suppressing this
room for the winter.
7° Mobile frame partition reducing
the hive by half for wintering.
8° Triangular bottom with automatic cleaning.
9° Impropolisable "R" frame-closure system.
10° Metal frame holder system.
These are many combinations! And yet nothing complicated, as one would be tempted to believe; on the contrary, everything is childishly simple. Already, despite a certain originality, my hive and its systems are very noticed, especially by foreigners.
Despite advantageous offers, which I have refused, I want my invention, if there is any invention, to remain in the public domain. At the very most, I wanted to safeguard, out of patriotism, at least the name and origin of the hive, by depositing the model.
Missionary in French Congo
Overall it is our "Congolese 1925", somewhat modified for the climate of Europe.
on the advice of beekeepers
our tropical 30x31 cm frame in work, which seems too small,
Our primitive framework (1920)
and when we modified it, we were unaware of the existence of the Voirnot frame 33x33 cm
By substituting the latter for ours....
The hive body has an internal volume of 75 x 37 1/2 x 37 1/2 c/m, or a capacity of 1o5 litres.
The 80 x 20 (17 at inner corners) x 2 1/2) c/m front panel, notched below 10 m/m over a length of
75 c/m, i. e. the distance between the two short sides: it is the actual flight hole
The 80x45x2 1/2 c/m bottom thus assembled forms a vacuum or inner tube, under the frames, which, being square, do not descend into it. This room has a capacity of seventeen and a half litres. It provides the laplace bees with clean air that is constantly renewed, it avoids swarming and beards.
For the "France-Congo", note that the bars were 36mm wide