Nuc into Medium Boxes?
Results 1 to 10 of 10
  1. #1
    Join Date
    Jun 2019
    Location
    Helper, Utah, USA
    Posts
    13

    Question Nuc into Medium Boxes?

    After 4 failed newbie beekeeping years, I’m getting 2 more nucs this year. I’ve tried packages, nucs and full hives but have failed to winter them over. This year I moved to a rural area from the city, am so hoping this time works.
    I realize this is a beginner question, but the nucs will be with deep frames. I want to go to all mediums , is there any way to put them into mediums from the start? Or should I start them on deeps and add mediums on from then on?
    PS I’m in Utah.

  2. Remove Advertisements
    BeeSource.com
    Advertisements
     

  3. #2
    Join Date
    Aug 2002
    Location
    Nehawka, Nebraska USA
    Posts
    53,845

    Default Re: Nuc into Medium Boxes?

    There are many different things you can do. I would keep them all in mind and do what works best for you. You can put a deep in two mediums and the bees will draw a comb on the bottom of the deep to finish it out to the depth of the two mediums. You can cut the comb out of the deeps and rubber band it into mediums. You can build a shim that is 3" tall and as wide as the number of deeps you have and put the deeps in the shim over a medium.

    This is an old post on getting from deeps to mediums:

    First, I would say if you are changing frame size and combs then I would also change cell size to either natural comb or small cell at the same time. It will be the same amount of work. It just requires that you use either small cell foundation or foundationless frames.

    The concept, of course, is to get to a point where all of the old combs (deeps, large cell etc.) are out and all of the ones you want (small cell and mediums) are what you now have. So first, you need to view all of what you don't want as a liability to be eliminated and all of what you do want as an asset. During a flow anything but brood is fair game to remove. During a dearth, honey and pollen are assets. At any time brood is an asset. At any time you can remove empty frames. There are several ways you can deal with any given deep frame. You can leave them in a deep and any excess that can't be filled with a deep (because you pulled them out) you can fill in with a medium. This is what I tend to do if there are more deeps than mediums. If you have more mediums than deeps, you can put the deeps in two medium boxes (it will hang down into the medium box below). If you have only one or two deeps with brood you can cut the comb to fit a medium frame and rubber band it into the medium frame. You can also get the queen and a couple of frames of brood on the other side of an excluder from the frames you wish to remove and wait for the brood to emerge in those frames and then remove them from the hive. These are the concepts.

    So now to begin. The easiest time to begin is probably the first warm flying day in the spring. On a warm day you can look in the hive and pull any frame that is empty. You may have an entire box worth of empty deeps. Early in the spring there has been no flow to start refilling them and brood rearing is just getting into gear probably. The sooner you get the queen on the other side of an excluder from the combs you wish to remove, the better. If you have drawn medium frames, then try to get the queen on those. It's kind of early at lest in my part of the world to expect them to draw comb but they will be in about a month. So if you just keep removing empty frames until then, and after the flow gets into full swing you can steal any deeps with pollen and honey and harvest the honey. The pollen you can feed to the chickens (assuming there are any chickens) or cut them out and tie them into mediums (rubber bands probably...). Then applying the principles above you juggle things until all the boxes are full of frames. Later if you had comb on the bottom of a medium frame that was in a deep box, you can cut it off and rubber band it into a medium frame. If you have comb on the bottom of a deep (that was in two medium boxes) you can cut that off and rubber band it into a medium frame.

    I don't know how to just make it a step by step unless I make assumptions about some brute force method, but that is also a possibility. You can simply do a "cut out" where you cut every frame of brood to fit a medium and rubber band all the combs into mediums and harvest all the honey and scrap or cutout all the pollen. If you have thin strips of brood left over you can put several in a frame to fill it out. This would be a "brute force" method and you could do it in an afternoon as long as there is a decent amount of nectar and pollen available.

    A scaled back version of this is to cutout two combs of brood and put those with the queen on them on the other side of an excluder and wait for all the brood in the deeps to emerge and then pull them all.

    If you don't want to do any cut outs of combs, then you could pull empty frames, replace with mediums and wait for the queen to be laying in some of the mediums and then pull those above an excluder.

    All in all, I play it by ear and juggle it the best I can without stealing brood from them.
    Michael Bush bushfarms.com/bees.htm "Everything works if you let it." ThePracticalBeekeeper.com 42y 40h 39yTF

  4. #3
    Join Date
    Sep 2018
    Location
    Northern Lower Michigan, USA
    Posts
    610

    Default Re: Nuc into Medium Boxes?

    Quote Originally Posted by Reallymary View Post
    After 4 failed newbie beekeeping years, I’m getting 2 more nucs this year. I’ve tried packages, nucs and full hives but have failed to winter them over. This year I moved to a rural area from the city, am so hoping this time works.
    I realize this is a beginner question, but the nucs will be with deep frames. I want to go to all mediums , is there any way to put them into mediums from the start? Or should I start them on deeps and add mediums on from then on?
    PS I’m in Utah.
    if you have deeps from the "failed" hives from the past, the easy way is place the NUCs in the deeps if you have them. then add mediums from there on.
    Also next time look for NUCs in mediums, then you are all set.

  5. #4
    Join Date
    Jun 2015
    Location
    Deep Brook, NS, Canada
    Posts
    599

    Default Re: Nuc into Medium Boxes?

    You could shake the bees down into a medium box, then put the nuc over a queen excluder. In about an hour, the nurse bees will have moved up to take care of the brood, but the queen will be laying in the bottom box
    I want bees that make up for my mistakes.

  6. #5
    Join Date
    Jun 2015
    Location
    Deep Brook, NS, Canada
    Posts
    599

    Default Re: Nuc into Medium Boxes?

    My question is are you testing for mites? That's one of the first causes of hive death. If the mites are under control, and they have enough food, they should survive the Winter.
    I want bees that make up for my mistakes.

  7. #6
    Join Date
    Jun 2015
    Location
    Deep Brook, NS, Canada
    Posts
    599

    Default Re: Nuc into Medium Boxes?

    First, I would say if you are changing frame size and combs then I would also change cell size to either natural comb or small cell at the same time. It will be the same amount of work. It just requires that you use either small cell foundation or foundationless frames.
    You can manage your bees the way you want to, but many studies have shown there is no advantage to small cell foundation. It does NOT control Varroa Mites.

    • Berry, J.A., Owens, W.B., Delaplane, K.S. (2010) Small-cell comb foundation does not impede Varroa mite population growth in honey bee colonies. Apidologie 41, 40–44.
    • Coffey, M.F., Breen, J., Brown, M.J.F., McMullan, J.B. (2010) Brood-cell size has no influence on the population dynamics of Varroa destructor mites in the native western honey bee, Apis mellifera mellifera. Apidologie 41, 522–530.
    • Seeley, T.D., Griffin, S.R. (2011) Small-cell comb does not control Varroa mites in colonies of honeybees of European origin. Apidologie, August 2011, Volume 42, Issue 4, pp 526-532.
    • Ellis, A.M., Hayes, G.W., Ellis, J.D. (2009) The efficacy of small cell foundation as a Varroa mite (Varroa destructor) control. Exp. Appl. Acarol. 47, 311–316.
    • Zhou, T., J. Yao, S.X. Huang, Z.Y. Huang. 2001. Larger cell size reduces varroa mite reproduction. Proceedings of the American Bee Research Conference, American Bee Journal 141: 895-896.
    • Taylor, M.A., Goodwin, R.M., McBrydie, H.M., Cox, H.M. (2008) The effect of honeybee worker brood cell size on Varroa destructor infestation and reproduction. J. Apic. Res. 47, 239–242.
    I want bees that make up for my mistakes.

  8. #7
    Join Date
    Aug 2002
    Location
    Nehawka, Nebraska USA
    Posts
    53,845

  9. #8
    Join Date
    Jun 2019
    Location
    Helper, Utah, USA
    Posts
    13

    Default Re: Nuc into Medium Boxes?

    Quote Originally Posted by gnor View Post
    My question is are you testing for mites? That's one of the first causes of hive death. If the mites are under control, and they have enough food, they should survive the Winter.
    Thank you, I will be from now on!

  10. #9
    Join Date
    Jun 2019
    Location
    Helper, Utah, USA
    Posts
    13

    Default Re: Nuc into Medium Boxes?

    Thank you very much, after the kind input from this forum and some research I've made several changes this year, especially regarding mite control, better winter shelter and feeding.

    I also discovered laying workers, dang it. One whole colony gone. Again, thanks to this forum and the kind advice, I know now what to watch for.

    I am optimistic for the winter.

  11. #10
    Join Date
    Aug 2002
    Location
    Nehawka, Nebraska USA
    Posts
    53,845

    Default Re: Nuc into Medium Boxes?

    Michael Bush bushfarms.com/bees.htm "Everything works if you let it." ThePracticalBeekeeper.com 42y 40h 39yTF

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •