Old queen recycling.
To the TF folks (and anyone, really):
Folks, IF you happen to have a old queen with valuable traits you want no longer (e.g. she is a drone layer) - do offer them to the others.
Heck, I'd take an old queen that shows TF traits and pay for the shipping or make the drive to fetch her (for me - not right now, but later in season maybe).
Am sure many would like the same.
So - please think before pinching an old drone layer.
She is still a valuable resource.
Offer her to a good home.
Former "smoker boy". Classic, square 12 frame Dadants >> Long hive/Short frame/chemical-free experimentations.