I just recently received a used beehive from a neighbor and I've spent the last few days sterilizing the inside of the 2 boxes. What I'm not clear on with this beehive is whether I need an inner cover or a queen excluder. The beehive given to me has 2 boxes with frames in each box with nothing separating the 2 boxes. I've decided to remove the frames and probably start with new ones (to avoid potentially introducing a disease to the new hive I'll be receiving shortly).
What confuses me is watching different YouTube videos with different setups. On this video, they show how to introduce a new hive and after adding the bees into the hive, they add an inner cover (I've added a time stamp to the video to show where they do this):
Then in other videos, I've seen individuals use a beehive queen excluder to separate the 2 boxes. Here's my assumption (and please correct me if I'm wrong):
- When I get the bees that are being shipped to me, add them into the first box (along with their sugar water) and put the inner cover on top of them with the hole in the middle and put the small box (containing the queen) in between the frames with the hole at the end of the small box the queen ships in pointing into this hole in the middle of the inner cover? (see link to video I posted above with that example)
- Only use 1 box when introducing the bees. Do not set the 2nd box on top of them until later
- Use the queen excluder when I decide to add a box on top of the first box later?
What I'm a little confused about is why in the video they added the inner cover (with the hole in the middle) on top of the first box. Why not just add the roof on top of the first box? I'm assuming this is so the queen has room to get out of the little box she ships in? Just not clear on this part.
The beehive I received doesn't have the inner cover which is a project I'll work on creating today.
Again, any insight, clarification, or just pointing me in the right direction would be greatly appreciated.