I am finding some beeks confuse primitive beekeeping with honey hunting.
These are not the same.
Eastern Europe is observing a real Renaissance of legacy, primitive beekeeping ways just as we speak (near TF by the very definition; for sure chemical-free).
Unfortunately, the English resources on the subject are very few if any (pretty much have to resort to Google translate - better than nothing, IF you can even find the original sources).
Here is a brief article about what the Poles have been doing (Google translate version).
The original is an Belarus paper article published in Russian - the header says "Liter of honey costs over $100".
I also already suggested someplace to run this google search just to get some general idea of what is going on in the primitive beekeeping world - "пчелы борть".