Re: GregV's Alternative way to keep (have?) bees.
In this same paper I brought up (Dark forest bee Apis mellifera mellifera L. of the Republic of Bashkortostan - see above), starting page 88, there is a study regarding queen mating success.
Originally Posted by little_john
In short, they concluded that too small of a mating nucs have significantly lower success mating rates.
Like it or not - those are the findings.
Find the chapter and auto-translate it (Google will spit out "uterus" instead of "queen" - ignore that non-sense).
I mean to translate that chapter's main points but really have no time.
Former "smoker boy". Classic, square 12 frame Dadants >> Long hive/Short frame/chemical-free experimentations.