Re: Pan-European Study finds honey bee survival depends on Beekeeper and Disease Cont
Are you sure about that? Energy is what powers all life. High production is energy stored.
Originally Posted by msl
Reproduction is another matter. Rates vary according to circumstances. When higher frequency than average swarming supplies an advantage over lower rates, that will tend to become a feature of the population - for as long as that condition holds.
When circumstances reverse the opposite will apply.
Quite what effect scale breeding (by which I mean breeding at a scale sufficient to make a difference) or controlled breeding (AI) can have on rates I don't know. (What the cost to feral bees of such activities is, is of course another question: no-one seems to care much but its worth asking just for educational purposes)
What the average and bell curve look like, and how much they vary in different races I don't know either.
The big picture in nature is this:
the winners in the competition to influence the next generation are those individuals who use the present resources to most efficiently turn the available energy into viable offspring.
Think about that for a moment. That's the natural selection baseline.
The race isn't always to the swift, nor the fight to the strong, but that's the way to bet