Re: I'm interested in expanding but not sure how to split
To increase do like the advice in this thread. Build a pair of queen castles for next spring. Build a half-dozen nucs and hang on for the ride.
If you do like Vance suggests you'll be either splitting all hives in April or May or you can wait til they start swarm preparation and take frames with swarm cells to the queen castles and/or nucs. Before you know it you'll have more bees than you can shake a stick at.
When you take them queen cells put back fresh undrawn frames and that's your swarm prevention model.
Better be prepared to have ten or fifteen hives next year if not more because you'll probably catch a swarm or maybe two.
Spend the time this fall and winter getting ready and don't forget to treat this fall for mites or you'll be back to square one.
If you got a table saw...get busy. Save some cash for that black friday sale and buy at least 200 deep frames, 100 medium frames, and foundations if you can. This means building twenty deeps and 10 mediums. It'll pay off.
Your year three honey crop will astound you if you can get to fifteen next year.
Second year is rough because you run out of gear constantly.
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