Re: Apitherapy for bee sting allergy
If an adult has one systemic reaction to a bee sting, their chances of another reaction after another sting are 30-60 per cent. A systemic reaction is more than a localized reaction which is defined as painful swelling and redness limited to areas surrounding the sting (one small to large area). Systemic reactions include widespread hives and angioedema (hives are surface swellings of the skin and angioedema is a swelling under the surface of the skin, usually occurs around the eyes and lips, may include hands, feet and throat) as well as anaphylaxis which may begin with a feeling of anxiety with warmth, itching and redness of skin, nasal itch, congestion, runny nose and sneezing. There may be a swelling of the lips, tongue and throat, with a sensation of tightness in the throat and hoarseness. There can be nausea, cramping of the stomach, vomiting, diarrhea and difficulty swallowing. There may be a feeling of dizziness or faintness, chest pain, rapid (or slow) or irregular heartbeat, low blood pressure, shortness of breath, deep or repetitive cough, wheezing and tunnel vision, difficulty hearing, confusion or loss of consciousness.
Treatment with venom immunotherapy (desensitization) is very effective for avoiding future severe reactions and is usually begun with very small doses on a weekly schedule, slowly increasing the dosage for a period of 2-1/2 to 5 months until a maintenance dose level is reached which is eventually given every 4 weeks for about a year, every 6 weeks for a year and then every 8 weeks or more (10-12 weeks) for a total time of 5 years at which time it is usually terminated but under certain circumstances continued indefinitely. Generally a minimally sedating antihistamine is administered in the morning of the day the venom is administered.(Allegra or Zyrtec)
A typical bee sting contains approximately 50 micrograms of venom. Dosing of the venom is usually begun with doses of 0.001 mcg, 0.005 mcg or up to 1 microgram and slowly increased weekly to 100 mcgs (maintenance dose) at the 2-1/2 to 5 month time frame, at which time the every 4 week schedule is begun.
The above information is not intended to be a guide to self treatment but only an overview of the recommended, effective treatments that are currently in use by allergists/immunologists who have training and experience in the diagnosis and treatment of insect allergy.
If you only have a hammer, you tend to see every problem as a nail.