Over the years of keeping bees both before mites, and after mites, it's been noticeable that queen lifespan is fairly closely correlated to mite associated damage, or lack of.
I can still get queens into their third year, if they were raised in a hive with (tested) low DWV and N. Cerana, and live their lives in hives with mites well controlled. Queens raised in infested hives and living with a mite load are often close to the end of their life, and look it, by beginning of second season.
There are so many pathogens around now that sometimes the best guide to what hives might have the lowest levels and should be used as cell raisers, is just the vibes the hive gives off. Some hives have an energy and vitality, against other hives that seem listless in comparison. Those high energy, go getter, type hives, will likely raise the longest lived queens.