Re: Should I split a first year hive?
Are you building, or buying your hive boxes, etc?
If building, go ahead & build a spare , set it up as a bait hive. I would use foundation-less frames in the bait hive, less frustration when the varmints get it.
research in the swarm & trap out forum.
build a nuc box.
Consider your time frame.
when your package gets strong enough to rob 2 frames of bees ( one of worker brood with some fresh laid eggs , and one of food stores) will the queen have time to mate, and rear some brood before cold weather kicks in?
Some times, a spare queen is a really wonderful thing to have. and hard to find out of the prime marketing season.
Even if they do not have time to "get big enough" to over winter", you can still pick the best queen, and combine them late in the season.
Or use your "spare" queen to bail some one else out.
Of course you should take my advice with a very skeptical atitude ... I am recovering from my second Alabama "winter"
Local beekeepers give better local advice, and like all people, some are conservative, & others take risks. Good Luck ... CE
Started summer of 2013, just another new guy, tinkering with bees.