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Lusby’s Bee Biometrics

Prof. Dr. N. Koeniger
INSTITUT FUR BIENENKUNDE
(Polytechnische Gesellschaft)
Fachbereich Biologie der J. W. Goethe-Universitat
Frankfurt am Main

6370 Oberursel 1
Im Rothkopf 5
W.-Germany

May 12, 1986

Dear Mr. and Mrs. Lusby,

Thanks for the letter of March 19th and the samples of bees. We did the biometrics now and it resulted in clear differences of your black bees compared to the usual U.S. mixture. Your bees are quantitatively significant more towards Apis mellifera carnica und Apis mellifera caucasica. The Italian influence is very limited.

We thank you again for your hospitality. Hope to meet you some day again. Attached you will find the values of your samples (cubital index).

Sincerely

N. Koeniger



LEGEND for BEE SAMPLES

Dr. Lopers # Lusby ID # Source Location Color Bees
1 L-5 Tortuga Yellow
2
3 L-7 Tortuga Yellow
4 L-1 Home Breeder Apiary Black
5
6 L-8 Tortuga Yellow
7
8 L-3 Home Breeder Apiary Black
9
10
11
12 L-6 Tortuga Yellow
13 L-2 Home Breeder Apiary Black
14
15 L-4 Tortuga Yellow

Note – The breeder samples used from the home breeder apiary were also taken from one of the three hives used to send samples to the University of Frankfurt, West Germany, for their unbiased quantitative analysis as to what type of bees they were. No africanization was mentioned in their report back. The USDA/ARS however, highly identified these bees as Africanized.

The breeder hive in question has since been donated to the Carl Hayden Bee Research Laboratory for their research and understanding in basic bee biologies as to how this could happen.


Collection Number: 620

Last update for discrim coeff for collections of workers was: Apr 1985
Identity of collection of 5 bees is… Probably European
Score for collection is… 1.353
Probability of being European is… 1.000
Probability of being Africanized is… 0.000
Scores for individual bees
Last update for discrim coeff for individuals of workers was: Apr 1985
BEES SCORE PB EUR PB AFR DEV>1.8 SD (expect 5% more than 8, none more than 16)
620 1.463 0.996* 0.004 8
621 0.431 0.838* 0.162 12*
622 2.175 1.000* 0.000 9*
623 0.652 0.923* 0.077 7
624 2.295 1.000* 0.000 7
Collection Number: 625

Last update for discrim coeff for collections of workers was: Apr 1985
Identity of collection of 10 bees is… Probably Africanized
Score for collection is… -0.227
Probability of being European is… 0.193
Probability of being Africanized is… 0.807
Scores for individual bees
Last update for discrim coeff for individuals of workers was: Apr 1985
BEES SCORE PB EUR PB AFR DEV>1.8 SD (expect 5% more than 8, none more than 16)
625 -0.738 0.056 0.944* 11*
626 -0.524 0.119 0.881* 8
627 0.796 0.954* 0.046 12*
628 -1.345 0.9006 0.994* 6
629 1.020 0.980* 0.020 12*
630 0.576 0.900* 0.100 12*
631 1.914 0.999* 0.001 9*
632 0.486 0.865* 0.135 8
633 1.194 0.990* 0.010 8
634 0.309 0.765* 0.235 13*
Collection Number: 635

Last update for discrim coeff for collections of workers was: Apr 1985
Identity of collection of 5 bees is… Probably European
Score for collection is… 2.212
Probability of being European is… 1.000
Probability of being Africanized is… 0.000
Scores for individual bees
Last update for discrim coeff for individuals of workers was: Apr 1985
BEES SCORE PB EUR PB AFR DEV>1.8 SD (expect 5% more than 8, none more than 16)
635 0.510 0.875* 0.125 8
636 2.589 1.000* 0.000 8
637 0.396 0.819* 0.181 12*
638 -0.698 0.065 0.935* 6
639 1.446 0.996* 0.004 6
Collection Number: 640

Last update for discrim coeff for collections of workers was: Apr 1985
Identity of collection of 10 bees is… Probably Africanized
Score for collection is… -1.309
Probability of being European is… 0.000
Probability of being Africanized is… 1.000
Scores for individual bees
Last update for discrim coeff for individuals of workers was: Apr 1985
BEES SCORE PB EUR PB AFR DEV>1.8 SD (expect 5% more than 8, none more than 16)
640 -1.550 0.003 0.997* 12*
641 2.276 1.000* 0.000 9*
642 -2.132 0.000 1.000* 2
643 -1.720 0.999* 0.001 11*
644 -1.947 0.001 0.999* 7
645 0.377 0.808* 0.192 7
646 -1.021 0.020 0.980* 10*
647 0.209 0.310 0.690* 10*
648 -0.662 0.074 0.926* 5
649 -0.285 0.252 0.748* 11
Collection Number: 650

Last update for discrim coeff for collections of workers was: Apr 1985
Identity of collection of 10 bees is… Probably European
Score for collection is… 1.325
Probability of being European is… 1.000
Probability of being Africanized is… 0.000
Scores for individual bees
Last update for discrim coeff for individuals of workers was: Apr 1985
BEES SCORE PB EUR PB AFR DEV>1.8 SD (expect 5% more than 8, none more than 16)
650 1.047 0.982* 0.018 17***
651 0.639 0.920* 0.080 9*
652 2.885 1.000* 0.000 15*
653 2.368 1.000* 0.000 5
654 2.572 1.000* 0.000 8
655 1.701 0.998* 0.002 12*
656 1.821 0.999* 0.001 7
657 1.770 0.999* 0.001 15*
658 3.242 1.000* 0.000 8
659 2.963 1.000* 0.000 12
Collection Number: 660

Last update for discrim coeff for collections of workers was: Apr 1985
Identity of collection of 10 bees is… Probably Africanized
Score for collection is… -1.308
Probability of being European is… 0.000
Probability of being Africanized is… 1.000
Scores for individual bees
Last update for discrim coeff for individuals of workers was: Apr 1985
BEES SCORE PB EUR PB AFR DEV>1.8 SD (expect 5% more than 8, none more than 16)
660 -0.961 0.025 0.975* 9*
661 -0.714 0.061 0.939* 4
662 2.601 1.000* 0.000 16*
663 0.317 0.770* 0.230 12*
664 0.402 0.823* 0.177 9*
665 -0.653 0.076 0.924* 11*
666 0.212 0.692* 0.308 4
667 -1.476 0.004 0.996* 6
668 -0.176 0.338 0.662* 7
669 -0.869 0.035 0.965* 9*
Collection Number: 670

Last update for discrim coeff for collections of workers was: Apr 1985
Identity of collection of 9 bees is… Probably Africanized
Score for collection is… -0.926
Probability of being European is… 0.003
Probability of being Africanized is… 0.997
Scores for individual bees
Last update for discrim coeff for individuals of workers was: Apr 1985
BEES SCORE PB EUR PB AFR DEV>1.8 SD (expect 5% more than 8, none more than 16)
670 -0.301 0.240 0.760* 15*
671 -0.365 0.199 0.801* 14*
672 0.430 0.838* 0.162 7
673 0.927 0.972* 0.028 7
674 -0.857 0.037 0.963* 15*
675 0.120 0.613* 0.387 6
676 0.026 0.525* 0.475 11*
677 0.605 0.910* 0.090 10*
678 1.802 0.999* 0.001 13*
Collection Number: 679

Last update for discrim coeff for collections of workers was: Apr 1985
Identity of collection of 9 bees is… Probably Africanized
Score for collection is… -3.393
Probability of being European is… 0.000
Probability of being Africanized is… 1.000
Scores for individual bees
Last update for discrim coeff for individuals of workers was: Apr 1985
BEES SCORE PB EUR PB AFR DEV>1.8 SD (expect 5% more than 8, none more than 16)
679 -2.864 0.000 1.000* 9*
680 -2.398 0.000 1.000* 10*
681 -1.373 0.005 0.995* 7
682 -1.585 0.002 0.998* 9*
683 -2.016 0.000 1.000* 9*
684 -0.106 0.400 0.600* 4
685 -1.803 0.001 0.999* 5
686 -1.929 0.001 0.999* 6
687 -1.681 0.002 0.998* 10*
Collection Number: 688

Last update for discrim coeff for collections of workers was: Apr 1985
Identity of collection of 10 bees is… Probably Africanized
Score for collection is… -0.939
Probability of being European is… 0.003
Probability of being Africanized is… 0.997
Scores for individual bees
Last update for discrim coeff for individuals of workers was: Apr 1985
BEES SCORE PB EUR PB AFR DEV>1.8 SD (expect 5% more than 8, none more than 16)
688 0.607 0.910* 0.090 6
689 0.889 0.968* 0.032 5
690 0.552 0.892* 0.108 8
691 1.689 0.998* 0.002 12*
692 -0.202 0.316 0.684* 15*
693 -0.064 0.440 0.560* 7
694 -0.722 0.060 0.940* 15*
695 -1.370 0.005 0.995* 13*
696 0.122 0.614* 0.386 4
697 1.355 0.994* 0.006 7
Collection Number: 698

Last update for discrim coeff for collections of workers was: Apr 1985
Identity of collection of 5 bees is… Probably European
Score for collection is… 1.526
Probability of being European is… 1.000
Probability of being Africanized is… 0.000
Scores for individual bees
Last update for discrim coeff for individuals of workers was: Apr 1985
BEES SCORE PB EUR PB AFR DEV>1.8 SD (expect 5% more than 8, none more than 16)
698 0.371 0.805* 0.195 7
699 2.023 1.000* 0.000 13*
700 1.723 0.999* 0.001 5
701 2.101 1.000* 0.000 7
702 -1.171 0.011 0.989* 9*
Collection Number: 703

Last update for discrim coeff for collections of workers was: Apr 1985
Identity of collection of 5 bees is… Probably Africanized
Score for collection is… 1.526
Probability of being European is… 1.000
Probability of being Africanized is… 0.000
Scores for individual bees
Last update for discrim coeff for individuals of workers was: Apr 1985
BEES SCORE PB EUR PB AFR DEV>1.8 SD (expect 5% more than 8, none more than 16)
703 1.501 0.997* 0.003 15*
704 0.496 0.869* 0.131 14*
705 -3.089 0.000 1.000* 12*
706 1.252 0.992* 0.008 3
707 1.644 0.998* 0.002 11*
Collection Number: 708

Last update for discrim coeff for collections of workers was: Apr 1985
Identity of collection of 5 bees is… Probably Africanized
Score for collection is… -0.922
Probability of being European is… 0.003
Probability of being Africanized is… 0.997
Scores for individual bees
Last update for discrim coeff for individuals of workers was: Apr 1985
BEES SCORE PB EUR PB AFR DEV>1.8 SD (expect 5% more than 8, none more than 16)
708 -2.815 0.000 1.000* 9*
709 0.211 0.691* 0.309 11*
710 -0.916 0.029 0.971* 9*
711 0.005 0.505* 0.495 4
712 -0.258 0.272 0.728* 6
Collection Number: 713

Last update for discrim coeff for collections of workers was: Apr 1985
Identity of collection of 5 bees is… Probably European
Score for collection is… 2.205
Probability of being European is… 1.000
Probability of being Africanized is… 0.000
Scores for individual bees
Last update for discrim coeff for individuals of workers was: Apr 1985
BEES SCORE PB EUR PB AFR DEV>1.8 SD (expect 5% more than 8, none more than 16)
713 -1.721 0.001 0.999* 3
714 2.481 1.000* 0.000 9*
715 2.226 1.000* 0.000 8
716 2.178 1.000* 0.000 13*
717 1.846 0.999* 0.001 11*
Collection Number: 718

Last update for discrim coeff for collections of workers was: Apr 1985
Identity of collection of 5 bees is… Probably European
Score for collection is… 0.222
Probability of being European is… 0.803
Probability of being Africanized is… 0.187
Scores for individual bees
Last update for discrim coeff for individuals of workers was: Apr 1985
BEES SCORE PB EUR PB AFR DEV>1.8 SD (expect 5% more than 8, none more than 16)
718 1.913 0.999* 0.601 10*
719 -0.742 0.058 0.944* 11*
720 1.074 0.954* 0.016 13*
721 -0.855 0.078 0.824* 8
722 1.846 1.788* 0.213 8
Collection Number: 723

Last update for discrim coeff for collections of workers was: Apr 1985
Identity of collection of 5 bees is… Probably European
Score for collection is… 1.721
Probability of being European is… 1.000
Probability of being Africanized is… 0.000
Scores for individual bees
Last update for discrim coeff for individuals of workers was: Apr 1985
BEES SCORE PB EUR PB AFR DEV>1.8 SD (expect 5% more than 8, none more than 16)
723 1.063 0.983* 0.017 7
724 2.509 1.000* 0.000 12*
725 0.775 0.951* 0.049 11*
726 1.074 0.984* 0.016 14*
727 1.588 0.998* 0.002 11*