NATIONAL HONEY MARKET NEWS
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE
FRUIT AND VEGETABLE DIVISION
21 N. 1st AVENUE, SUITE 224
YAKIMA, WA 98902-2663
HONEY MARKET FOR THE
MONTH OF SEPTEMBER, 2000 IN VOLUMES OF 10,000 POUNDS OR GREATER.
PRICES PAID TO BEEKEEPERS FOR EXTRACTED, UNPROCESSED HONEY IN
MAJOR PRODUCING STATES BY PACKERS, HANDLERS & OTHER LARGE
USERS, CENTS PER POUND, F.O.B. OR DELIVERED NEARBY, CONTAINERS
EXCHANGED OR RETURNED, PROMPT DELIVERY & PAYMENT UNLESS OTHERWISE
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT
- SOYBEAN, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 48¢
- ALFALFA/COTTON, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 46 - 47¢ - - -
LIGHT AMBER, 43¢
- BUCKWHEAT, LIGHT AMBER, 43¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 45 - 47¢ - - - LIGHT
- ORANGE, WHITE, 56¢
- SAGE, WHITE, 58¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 42¢
- ORANGE, LIGHT AMBER, 55¢ - - - MEDIUM AMBER, 71¢
- GALLBERRY, CUT COMB, $1.40
- ALFALFA, LIGHT AMBER, 40¢
- CLOVER, WHITE, 50¢ - - - EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 46¢ (SMALL
- MINT, LIGHT AMBER, 40¢ - - - AMBER, 36¢ (BOTH SMALL
- CLOVER, WHITE, 57¢
- CLOVER, LIGHT AMBER, 69¢
- CLOVER, WHITE, 52¢ - - - LIGHT AMBER, 52 - 68¢
- KNAPWEED, MEDIUM AMBER, 65¢
- CLOVER, WHITE, 53 - 55¢
- ALFALFA, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 44¢ - - - LIGHT AMBER,
- CLOVER, WHITE, 56 - 58¢
- ALFALFA, WHITE, 50 - 51¢ - - - EXTRA LIGHT AMBER,
- CLOVER, WHITE, 50 - 56¢ - - - EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 45¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 46¢
- FLORAL N/A, WHITE, 55¢
- CLOVER, WHITE, 58¢ - SMALL LOTS 61 - 64¢
- ALFALFA, WHITE, 56¢
- CLOVER, WHITE, 53 - 58¢ (HIGHER PRICE REPRESENTS SMALL
- CLOVER, LIGHT AMBER, 75¢
- CLOVER, LIGHT AMBER, 75¢ (SMALL LOT)
- ALFALFA, WHITE, 51¢ - - - LIGHT AMBER, 42¢ (BOTH
- CARROT, AMBER, 39¢
- MINT, LIGHT AMBER, 40¢
- RASPBERRY, WHITE, 53¢ (SMALL LOT)
- SNOBERRY, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 45¢ (SMALL LOT)
- CLOVER, WHITE, 58¢
PRICES PAID TO CANADIAN
BEEKEEPERS FOR UNPROCESSED BULK HONEY BY PACKERS AND IMPORTERS
IN U.S. CURRENCY, F.O.B. SHIPPING POINT, CONTAINERS INCLUDED
UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED. DUTY AND CROSSING CHARGES EXTRA. CENTS
PROVINCE & FLORAL SOURCE UNKNOWN
- WHITE, 58¢ DELIVERED
PRICES PAID TO IMPORTERS
FOR BULK HONEY, DUTY PAID, CONTAINERS INCLUDED, CENTS PER POUND
EX-DOCK OR POINT OF ENTRY UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED.
EAST COAST. . . ARGENTINA
- CLOVER, WHITE, 50
- MIXED FLOWERS, WHITE, 48 - 52.5¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 52¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 51¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 46¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 44¢
CALIFORNIA BEESWAX MARKET
SITUATION --- SEPTEMBER, 2000
(unbleached, raw beeswax, delivered to handlers's warehouse)
Trading picked up last month as producers finished extracting
their honey crop and began rendering wax. Sales of processed
wax is still slow as foundation is not selling and candle companies
haven't placed their holiday orders this year.
Light and medium colored wax was being purchased at $1.00-1.30
per pound and traded at $1.15-1.30 per pound with most contracted
at $1.30 per pound.
Very little dark wax was purchased.
COLONY, HONEY PLANT &
MARKET CONDITIONS DURING SEPTEMBER
APPALACHIAN DISTRICT -
(MD, PA, VA, WV)
September was cooler and wetter than normal. Scattered rain
was the dominant weather pattern throughout the month. Honey
bees are in good condition and most beekeepers are actively treating
hives for the winter. Honey stores are variable and there is
concern that many beekeepers will have to begin supplemental
feeding earlier than expected. Asters and goldenrod are the predominant
source of nectar at this time.
Several weather systems
moved across the state the first week of September. Thunderstorms
were reported along the northern coast accompanied by occasional
high winds. Temperatures began to rise and by the 10th were back
into the mid-90's to low 100's in all areas except right along
the coast. On the 19th, daily record highs were reported in Red
Bluff when they reached 106 degrees and Stockton recorded 102
degrees. A low pressure system brought cooler temperatures the
last of September but the only rainfall came from an occasional
drizzle along the coast.
The bees are reported to be in good condition but many areas
have been too dry and most floral sources have dried up. In other
parts of the state, they were still able to work wildflowers,
honeydew and in the north, a very good crop of bluecurl. They
honey crop ended up slightly below last year but some producers
have left a little extra honey in the hives for feed this year.
A few beekeepers are already discovering they did not leave adequate
stores on and have already had to add supplemental feed.
Businesses selling supplies report sales continue to be very
slow except to a few new hobbists. Producers either aren't or
can't sell their honey right now & low prices don't give
them much money to buy supplies & equipment.
Packers seem to be offered plenty of honey, in some cases because
the beekeeper needs the money. A low of the honey being purchased
is on a short term contract for the same reason.
the state remained about normal for most of month of September.
Daytime highs for the north and eastern part of the state remained
in lower to mid 80s. The southern and mountain areas were mostly
in the 70-80 degree range for daytime highs. The third weekend
of the of the month did bring in a cold Canadian front from the
north that did bring some much needed moisture for the northern
part of the state in the form of rain and from 4 to 8" of
Most of the state beekeepers have been providing supplemental
feeding for their colonies as the dry conditions throughout the
state have dried most of the late summer blooms. Because of the
drought conditions, most of the state's bee colonies are reported
to be in only fair condition at this time. Migratory beekeepers
are currently preparing their colonies in holding yards for their
migration to work the winter crops in California and south Texas.
Scattered showers brought
varying amounts of rain during the month. The passage of Hurricane
Gordon through the Florida straits and off the western coast
brought significant rains ranging from an inch to eight inches.
Daytime highs were in the 80s and 90s, while nighttime lows were
in the 60s and 70s.
Most of the migrating bees are coming back to the State every
day. The Brazilian pepper is beginning to bloom. The malaluka
started to bloom in South Florida. The pursley or (Mexican clover)
is blooming in the northern parts of the peninsula. The Spanish
needle and goldenrod are also blooming in other parts of the
State. Bees are storing honey early this season. The mites and
beetles are under control.
Demand for Florida honey is light. Prices are lower.
Colonies around the
state were generally in good condition although it was highly
dependent on beekeepers treatment for parasitic mites earlier
in the year. There continues to be a dirth of any significant
nectar source in south and middle Georgia. Some beekeepers were
involved in supplemental feeding to compensate colonies with
light stores. In the northern half of the state, fall floral
sources such as aster and goldenrod were producing honey in September
to increase colony strength and levels of stores.
September weather was ideal until the morning of the 22nd
when temperatures plummeted across the state recording lows from
18-27. A slow warming trend helped to bring the temperatures
back up into a more normal pattern. Colony strength is reported
to be good going into fall. Yields are average at best with a
few disappointments being noted. Due to the dry conditions of
the last 4 months few floral sources are left. Bees are feeding
primarily on rabbit sagebrush and fall yard flowers.
The fall honey flow
for overwintering of bees was light as had been expected. Some
beekeepers started supplemental feeding activities due to the
poor honey crop. Goldenrod and white clover were the main fall
floral sources bees had been working on.
Comparison temperatures for the month varied from hot and humid
conditions the first of the month while the last of the month
temperatures were 5-10 degrees below normal. Frequent rainfall
continued to cause problems for beekeepers extracting honey and
farmers harvesting activities in central and southern sections.
Most extraction was finished in northern sections while the bulk
of the state reported extraction was slower than normal.
Honey and wax movement was reported very well at farmers markets
and many local fall festivals. Quality of honey offered has been
excellent adding to demand. Retail and bulk movement has been
slow for packers and commercial beekeepers barrel sales. Honey
prices were about unchanged with prices quoted in the 55-60 cent
range. This continues the trend of lower prices than previous
Extraction activities were finishing up ahead of normal. Many
beekeepers had treated their colonies and had moved their hives
into winter yards. The fall honey crop was not as good as hoped
due to extreme heat the first of the month followed by frequent
rainfall over various parts of the state the remainder of the
month. Many parts of the state have been relatively dry, mainly
in the northern and east-central sections, while parts of west-central
and southern sections experienced excessive rainfall with local
flooding in lowlands.
Floral sources bees have been working were various fall wildflowers
and goldenrod bloom. Some of the bees with moderate winter buildup
of stores had been located near CRP land with a good white clover
Demand for honey was very good, as many farmers markets and fall
festivals throughout the state featured locally collected honey.
Bulk honey sales were slow and prices remained about unchanged.
The retail level sales were generally unchanged.
Colonies around the state were generally in good condition although
it was highly dependent on beekeepers treatment for parasitic
mites earlier in the year. In the southern portions of the state,
during September, there was a dirth of any significant nectar
sources. Colonies were primarily feeding off reserves built up
earlier in the summer. In the central and northern portions of
the state fall floral sources such as boneset, goldenrod, and
Spanish needle were producing honey in September to increase
colony strength and levels of stores.
MISSOURI & IOWA
September was generally
dryer and warmer than normal except for a cold front which move
through September 23rd and caused some rain and cooler than normal
temperature which continued throughout the week. This made harvesting
conditions generally very good. Precipitation amounts ranged
from 0.86 inches below normal in Dubuque, Iowa to 1.94 inches
below normal in Des Moines. Missouri precipitation deficit for
the month range from 0.21 inches in St. Louis to 2.27 inches
in Joplin. Bee populations were still fairly high. Nectar flow
from aster and goldenrod ranged from fair to very good in both
Iowa and Missouri which allowed the bees to fill the main chamber
and in some places even store an extractable surplus in the supers.
Pollen collection was active from goldenrod and aster. Honey
storage varied widely over the two states from very good to poor.
Beekeepers in some locations will have heavy feeding to get the
bees ready for winter. In areas where beekeepers do not plan
to extract the fall flow, they treated bee hives for mites, mostly
Most areas across the
state reported some moisture the first ten days of September
but not the significant rainfall that is needed to relieve the
drought. Temperatures continued to be in the 90's in the southeast
corner of the state. Unseasonably warm weather moved in again
and continued through the 24th. The southern half was the warmest
when daytime highs hit the upper 90's. The remainder of the month
was cooler with moisture reported in most locations. Parts of
Central Montana reported nighttime lows in the teens and daytime
highs in the 60's.
Most of the 2000 honey crop had been extracted by the end of
September and while this years crop is down at least 30-40%,
most producers are fairly pleased with the honey they got considering
the hot, dry summer. Most floral sources were wiped out towards
the end of the month when temperatures dropped well below freezing.
Beekeepers that don't sell off their bees after the honey is
extracted were busy going through their colonies and making sure
they were ready for the trip to California the end of October.
Fall weather this September
has been very nice with little or no drastic weather changes.
The last week has been a bit cooler, but still mild over all.
Bees are reported to be in excellent shape. As in years past
production in the irrigated areas of alfalfa & clover were
better than normal. In a normal year most beekeeper's in Nevada
can expect to average 60 lbs. of honey per hive. In some rural
areas pollen and nectar are still available primarily from rabbit
Weather for the New England area for the month of September was
mild. Temperatures varied from the mid 70s to high 80s. Beekeepers
report that September was the best month of the season. Bees
were reported working Goldenrod, asters and late clover with
most areas reporting good activity.
Though the month was good for beekeeping it did not make up for
the bad weather and cold summer the region received. Production
varied greatly from one part of an area to another. At this time
harvest for the New England area is expected to be down by 50-60%
over last year, more final numbers are expect in the next month.
Most hives are going into the winter fairly strong but do not
have anywhere near the honey stores to make it through the season.
Some beekeepers in southern New England have already been feeding
their bees for the last few weeks, others will start within the
next few weeks
Overall it has been a fairly good fall for most honey producers.
There was a fairly good sourwood flow and with an outstanding
"leaf season" expected in the mountains, retailers
are optimistic about the retail honey sales. Beekeepers have
been busy preparing for the winter, especially in the western
part of the state where heavy frosts are possible at any time.
Moisture levels had been fairly good, but very little rain was
reported in some areas during September and it is starting to
get dry again.
The first ten days of September, temperatures in the Willamette
Valley and along the coast, temperatures were below normal. Occasional
heavy rains were reported. Temperatures rose the middle if the
month with some areas as much as 9 - 14 degrees above normal
and little to only small amounts of rain. Daytime highs were
frequently in the low 90's. A complete shift took place the end
of the month when central and eastern areas were below normal
and the Willamette Valley and along the coast warmed up. Dry
conditions kept farmers irrigating most of September as topsoil
moisture was still as much as 70% short in some areas.
The warm days allowed the bees numerous cleansing flights but
not much to gather pollen or nectar from. A small amount of red
clover, wild aster, hockweed and wild carrot were about the only
things blooming. As extraction of this years honey crop is finished
up, medication and treatments were added and in some cases protein
and pollen substitutes were also put in as they were moved to
winter holding yards. A few losses were reported from heavy seed
pollination but overall the bees are reported to be in good conditions.
The honey is down slightly from last year in some areas but the
quality is reported to be very good.
September was just
as dry as the entire summer had been. A few beekeepers did report
that yields were better than they thought they would be, for
others it was a real short crop. Due to slow honey sales in retail
stores the self-space allotted for honey is being reduced even
more. Floral sources left for the bees is dandelions and a few
remaining fall yard flowers.
Fall-like conditions were recorded across the state the first
week and a-half of September. Daytime highs started in the low
80's but dropped into the 70's and varying amounts of rain were
reported across the state. Summer was not quite over as warm,
dry weather returned from the 11th to the 17th. Highs ranged
from the 80's in Western Washington to low 90's in the east.
More normal conditions returned to finish the month and parts
of Central and Eastern Washington recorded their first frost
of the season on the 18th. Spokane dropped to 22 degrees and
Wenatchee recorded 31 which tied a September record low. The
occasional precipitation helped improve the topsoil moisture
level to 27% short, much better than the 50% short the end of
Frequent warm, sunny days allowed the bees to take numerous cleansing
flights. A very good crop of wild blackberries & fireweed
on the western slopes of the Cascades gave the bees plenty to
gather food from. Beekeepers were putting queens in the bottom
& supplemental feed on top. Some producers were looking for
the first week of the month was less than ideal because of record
or near record hot, humid temperatures. Rainfall for the period
was spotty with most areas receiving less than a half inch. The
rest of the month cooler seasonal weather moved into the state
with some frost reports from northern sections. As expected,
the fall collection of honey for colonies overwintering was poor
over most of the state. Beekeepers moved most of their hives
into overwintering yards or moved them out to southern states.
Commercial demand continued to be slow with little bulk movement
reported. Retail demand continued to be good due to fall festival