NATIONAL HONEY MARKET NEWS
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE
FRUIT AND VEGETABLE DIVISION
21 N. 1st AVENUE, SUITE 224
YAKIMA, WA 98902-2663
PHONE: (509) 575-2494




HONEY MARKET FOR THE MONTH OF DECEMBER, 1999 IN VOLUMES OF 10,000 POUNDS OR GREATER.

PRICES PAID TO BEEKEEPERS FOR EXTRACTED, UNPROCESSED HONEY IN MAJOR PRODUCING STATES BY PACKERS, HANDLERS & OTHER LARGE USERS, CENTS PER POUND, F.O.B. OR DELIVERED NEARBY, CONTAlNERS EXCHANGED OR RETURNED, PROMPT DELIVERY & PAYMENT UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED.

ARKANSAS
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 41 - 42¢
-
SOYBEAN, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 46¢

CALIFORNIA
- ALFALFA, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 50¢ - - - LIGHT AMBER, 45¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, WATER WHITE, 55¢ - - - WHITE, 52 - 53¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 46 - 47¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 42 - 44¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, AMBER, 37¢ - - - CAPPINGS, 32¢

COLORADO
- ALFALFA, WHITE, 57 - 58¢ - - - EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 57¢

FLORIDA
- GALLBERRY, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 42 - 55¢
- GALLBERRY, MELTER, 35¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 39¢ - - - BAKERY GRADE, 42¢
- MIXED WILDFLOWERS, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 55¢
- ORANGE, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 58¢ (SMALL LOT)
- WAX, LIGHT, $1.45

GEORGIA
- GALLBERRY, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 53¢

IDAHO
- STAR THISTLE, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 50¢

LOUISIANA
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 40¢

MICHIGAN
- CLOVER, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 50¢

MINNESOTA
- BUCKWHEAT, AMBER, 60¢
- CLOVER/BASSWOOD, WHITE, 56¢

MONTANA
- ALFALFA, WHITE, 60¢
- CLOVER, WHITE, 54 - 60¢

NEBRASKA
- CLOVER, WHITE, 56 - 60¢ - - - EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 51¢
- CLOVER, LIGHT AMBER, 50¢

NORTH DAKOTA
- CLOVER, WHITE, 54 - 58¢ - - - EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 51¢
- CLOVER, LIGHT AMBER, 50¢

SOUTH DAKOTA
- ALFALFA, WHITE, 60¢
- CLOVER, WHITE, 56 - 61¢ - - - EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 51¢
- CLOVER, LIGHT AMBER, 50¢

TEXAS
- MIXED FLOWERS, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 43¢ - - - LIGHT AMBER, 40¢
- COTTON, LIGHT AMBER, 45¢

WASHINGTON
- ALFALFA, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 50¢
- MINT, AMBER, 40¢
- WILDFLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 45¢ - - - AMBER, 40¢

WYOMING
- CLOVER/ALFALFA, WHITE, 58¢



PRICES PAID TO CANADIAN BEEKEEPERS FOR UNPROCESSED BULK HONEY BY PACKERS AND IMPORTERS IN U.S. CURRENCY, F.O.B. SHIPPING POINT, CONTAINERS INCLUDED UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED. DUTY AND CROSSING CHARGES EXTRA. CENTS PER POUND.

MANITOBA
- CLOVER, EXTRA WHITE, 52¢ - - - WHITE, 50¢

WINNIPEG
- CLOVER, WATER WHITE, 54¢



PRICES PAID TO IMPORTERS FOR BULK HONEY, DUTY PAID, CONTAINERS INCLUDED, CENTS PER POUND EX-DOCK OR POINT OF ENTRY UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED.

EAST COAST. . . ARGENTINA
- MIXED FLOWERS, EXTRA WHITE, 46 - 52¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, WHITE, 46 - 50¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 46 - 49¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 46 - 47¢
- CLOVER, WHITE, 48 - 51¢ - - - EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 45¢

CHINA
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 39¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, DARK AMBER, 45¢

MEXICO
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 40.5¢



CALIFORNIA BEESWAX MARKET SITUATION --- DECEMBER, 1999
(unbleached, raw beeswax, delivered to handlers's warehouse)

Movement of wax was slow during December as sales didn't pick up as hoped. Handlers are getting lots of calls from producers wanting to sell their wax but they either don't like the prices being paid or the handlers already have plenty in storage. Some companies were taking in wax as trade for supplies.

There was a wide range in prices being paid for light colored wax at $1.05 - 1.30 per pound with most trading at $1.30. There was also a wide range in prices being paid for small amounts of dark colored wax at $1.00 - 1.20.


COLONY, HONEY PLANT & MARKET CONDITIONS DURING DECEMBER

APPALACHIAN DISTRICT - (MD, PA, VA, WV)
General activity is at a minimum. The month of December experienced temperatures about normal with little precipitation so it was very nice. Some part of the Northern District received light snowfall (3" to only a dusting) the last week of the month. Beekeepers are keeping a watchful eye on bees due to lower than desired stores going into the winter.

CALIFORNIA
Despite a series of weak storms that moved across the northern half of the state, that brought light amounts of rainfall to the valleys and snow to the mountains, conditions are extremely dry. Many areas had no rain during December when they should have received 304". Temperatures were normal the first part of the month but by the 15th, some areas of the central valley experienced spring-like conditions with daytime highs in the 70's and 80's. Records were broken as Rverside had a high of 88 degrees on the 19th. Santa Ana winds, with gusts to 70 mph, warm temperatures and very dry conditions contributed to several brush and timber fires, with the largest in Ventura County. The fire started on the 21st and was still burning on Christmas day.

Most of the bees are reported to be in good condition but all beekeepers contacted agreed they were not as healthy as last year. Some operations have reported losses from mites at nearly 50%, probably because the bees have become resistant to the treatments. Many beekeepers are not trying the new treatment that just became available but it is too early to see any results. These losses could result in a shortage of bees to pollinate the almonds and some commercial pollinators are already trying to line up additional colonies to cover their contracts. Beekeepers are also getting concerned because the lack of rain could diminish any chance of a good sage crop again this year.


COLORADO
December was unseasonably warm and dry for most of the month. Northern Colorado did receive moisture to the mountains the first part of the month, but most of the state remained relatively dry. Wolf Creek Pass in Southern Colorado, which normally would have from 100 to 120" of snowpack through the month of December, presently has only between 10 to 20" at this time. Temperatures for the state have been near or at record breaking highs for most of the month, with highs in the 50's to low 60's for most of the month. The warm daytime temperatures have allowed for those bee colonies kept in-state to take periodic cleansing flights. Beekeepers are reporting that colonies are in very good shape at this time. Migratory colonies are currently waiting for the almond bloom and working other winter crops in California and South Texas.

FLORIDA
Significant rain fell over most of the State during the middle part of the month. Mild temperatures gave way to cooler weather. Cooler temperatures remained the last part of the month. Daytime highs were in the 60's and 70's. Lows were in the 30's, 40's and 50's. Rainfall varied from no rain to an inch and a half in the state.

The bees are in good shape. The mild winter has been good for the flowers and the bees. We have had enough rain moisture. The bees are currently working different wildflowers.
Demand for Florida honey is lower than ever. Prices are also lower.

GEORGIA
Colonies around the state were in fair to good condition. There was little activity occurring in the beekeeping industry in December. Supplemental feeding was taking place in several areas to compensate for light stores. Beekeepers were working in bee yards, involved in equipment maintenance and checking colonies.

IDAHO
December was a dry month with near normal temperatures. Total precipitation of .27" was ranged as the 4th lowest on record. Fog affected many parts of the Snake River Valley Plain from the 21st to the end of the month.

Most of the commercial beekeepers have finished moving their hives to California.

"Can good Varroa Mites control bad?" A former Oregon State University student who's involved in honeybee research for the USDA is working on what may be a natural solution to this country's Varroa Mite problem. Researchers are finding that a particular strain of Varroa Mite, the Japanese Mite, can live quite peaceably with honey bees, or at least be less destructive. If that is confirmed, then the objective will be to find and propagate enough of the friendly mites to introduce into colonies, where it's hoped they'll eventually out compete the destructive Varroa Mite. (Capital Press 12/31/99).

ILLINOIS
Drier than normal conditions continued in northern sections of the state early in the month. Central and southern sections, however, reported several rainshowers that provided needed moisture. Most of the state reported warmer than normal temperatures with some daytime highs in the 60's to low 70's, providing bees cleansing flights.

Months end, seasonal cold temperatures and some light snow cover was reported. Beekeepers checked and increased supplemental feeding as warmer than normal temperatures increased bee activity. Most colonies were reported in good condition.

Beekeepers were busy repairing bee equipment and moving honey for holiday demand. Retail honey sales were reported good due to holiday baking. Bulk honey movement was reported to be slow with little packer interest.

INDIANA
Warmer than normal temperatures in the 60's to mid 70's was reported early in the month. Beekeepers were concerned that colonies that weren't inspected would suffer starvation or weakening due to warmer weather. Most central and southern sections received spotty rainfall the middle and end of the month. Northern section had very little rainfall over the month with the northwestern section receiving as little as two to three tenths of an inch of precipitation. The last of the month, the state had more normal temperatures in the 20's and 30's. Supplemental feeding was required with beekeepers reporting colonies were in generally good condition.

Beekeepers reported honey and wax demand was real good with some movement of bulk honey as prices remained stable.

MICHIGAN & OHIO
Colonies were in fairly good condition throughout the state heading into winter. Very little activity was reported as beekeepers finished work for the season and bees were wintering well.

MISSISSIPPI
Colonies around the state were in fair to good condition. There was very little activity occurring in the beekeeping industry in December. Beekeepers were working in bee yards, involved in equipment maintenance & checking colonies. Supplemental feeding was taking place in several areas to compensate for light stores. Some beekeepers were preparing to apply chemical strips for the control of Varroa Mite & the small hive beetle.

MISSOURI & IOWA
The weather during December continued generally mild. Precipitation was generally below normal except around Springfield, Missouri which recorded about twice the average December precipitation.

Colonies were generally in good condition going into December. Some losses were reported which is thought to be from earlier mite damage. Beekeepers were repairing equipment to get it ready for the 2000 season.

Beekeepers who packed honey for retail reported decent sales for the holidays. Wholesale trading of bulk honey was very slow.

MONTANA
The weather was unseasonably mild during December. Nighttime temperatures frequently dropped into the teens but very little snowfall was reported and it quickly melted.

Commercial pollinators checked their bees in California during the month. Pollen substitutes were added to lighter colonies but overall the bees are reported to be in good condition.

NEW YORK
Temperatures across the state during December remained above normal for this time of year with about normal precipitation for the month.

Most beekeepers reported that colonies remain in fairly good condition. They appear to have stored enough honey within their chambers for feeding. Very few cleansing flights were reported but the bees appear to be wintering well.

Demand for honey was fairly light. Prices were steady.

OREGON
The month started out with record high temperatures across the state. Pendleton hit 73 degrees on December 1st. Conditions remained fairly mild until Christmas when stagnant air settled in and temperatures only fluctuated a couple of degrees. The warm temperatures, that were occasionally accompanied by sunshine, allowed the bees to leave their hives for cleansing flights. The bees are reported to be in good condition but not as good as last year. The colonies have remained fairly even in size. Some beekeepers are becoming concerned about having adequate stores to last much longer despite leaving on what they thought would be plenty last fall. Commercial pollinators were spending time repairing equipment before the bees are taken to California for the almond pollination. The state has been alerted to a potential fireant problem in California. Officials are going to check to see if they are widespread in the almond orchards and how they may affect bees setting there during the bloom.

It has been noted that more and more feral bees in the wild have been spotted. This could mean that some bees are becoming Varroa tolerant.

UTAH
December precipitation was above normal in the northwest and below normal elsewhere in the state. In the Salt Lake City area, 1.84" of precipitation and 18" of snowfall fell in the month. This was the most snowfall in December in the past 16 years. Water year precipitation now stands at 62% of normal.

Most of the migratory beekeepers have relocated their hives to California for the upcoming almond bloom.

WASHINGTON
Weather conditions were unseasonably mild most of the month across the state. Small amounts of snow fell across Eastern Washington around the 10th but quickly melted. The Cascade Mountains had as much rain as snow. On December 16th, a warm front moved across the eastern part of the state. Yakima had a high of 62 degrees, breaking an 82-year old record. Around the holidays, the state became fogged in and there was only a difference of a few degrees between the daytime high and the nighttime low - hanging around 34-38 degrees.

The mild weather is beginning to cause problems in Western Washington. Besides lowland flooding from frequent, heavy rains, the bees thought it was spring and spent a lot of days out flying. Beekeepers are frequently checking stores to make sure the bees aren't eating everything that was left on.

Commercial pollinators relaxed a little bit during December as their bees are in California holding yards. They plan to go down the middle of January to check on the condition of the bees and to see if they have enough stores to get them through until the almonds start to bloom.

Some smaller producers that bottle and sell their own honey report business was very good before the holidays. A few had run out of honey and were buying from other beekeepers to keep their customers supplied.

On December 22nd, the Washington State Dept. Of Agriculture announced the Apiary Program would be discontinued on January 7th. They sited lack of revenue as the reason as this was an industry funded program but a few members of the industry had not supported the office for several years. The Apiary Advisory Committee has requested the State continue the registration portion and continue to collect registration fees. Other State agencies that worked closely with the Apiary Program have expressed concern over their ability to obtain Section 18 emergency exemptions, such as the use of coumaphos, without the bee program.

WISCONSIN
The month of December, temperatures remained above normal over most of the state. Beekeepers increased supplemental feeding as temperatures in the mid-50's made bees more active than normal. Mid-month, temperatures dipped down into the more seasonal teens for the highs. Some needed rainfall accompanied the colder temperatures in mid-month. Beekeepers checked hives with reports of weak bees due to Varroa Mites as well as some American Foul Brood.

The end of the month, beekeeping activity included moving bulk honey and repairing of equipment. Retail honey sales were good due to holiday baking demand.


U. S. IMPORTS OF HONEY BY COUNTRY, QUANTITY AND VALUE, OCTOBER, 1999 & YEAR TO DATE TOTALS FOR 1999

               
   

October 1999

Year to date 1999

    Quantity
kilograms
Customs
Value
dollars
C.I.F.
Value
dollars
Quantity
kilograms
Customs
Value
dollars
C.I.F.
Value
dollars

NATURAL HONEY, NOT PACKAGED FOR RETAIL SALE --- WHITE
Canada 498795 616003 625847 8767880 10690090 10866146
Mexico 17793 23487 23637 311566 372508 387146
Uruguay --- --- --- 36600 35502 36302
Argentina 1973731 1835897 1930025 24817566 24735037 25787727
United Kingdom --- --- --- 2016 22104 23119
Italy

1720

2679

2840

1720

2679

2840

China, Mainland 166010 173718 184778 767180 845822 921757
Australia --- --- --- 225816 288731 310468
New Zealand --- --- --- 1801 8553 8800

TOTAL:

2,658,049 2,651,784 2,767,127 34,932,145 37,001,026 38,344,305

NATURAL HONEY, NOT PACKAGED FOR RETAIL SALE --- EXTRA LIGHT AMBER
Canada --- --- --- 106341 132132 133799
Mexico --- --- --- 97072 107822 112595
Uruguay --- --- --- 55449 50577 52677
Argentina 409489 376675 393781 4978154 4927714 5132392
Italy

---

---

---

420

2813

3308

Vietnam --- --- --- 37700 28652 31762
China

116000

105756

120700

116000

105756

120700

TOTAL:

409,489 376,675 393,781 5,391,136 5,355,466 5,587,233

               
   

October 1999

Year to date 1999

    Quantity
kilograms
Customs
Value
dollars
C.I.F.
Value
dollars
Quantity
kilograms
Customs
Value
dollars
C.I.F.
Value
dollars

NATURAL HONEY, NOT PACKAGED FOR RETAIL SALE --- LIGHT AMBER
Canada --- --- --- 244570 298987 303507
Mexico 37622 32315 35016 1801100 1691018 1793336
El Salvador --- --- --- 421 2082 2238
Nicaragua --- --- --- 16335 28934 31359
Argentina 544508 463163 490557 4804227 4345560 4571327
United Kingdom

---

---

---

3943

32721

33845

France

1009

7405

7856

14438

117479

125642

Germany

6046

13562

15327

70880

171136

188494

Austria

1200

5802

6094

1200

5802

6094

Hungary

7200

14832

16350

11572

25422

28088

Switzerland

---

---

---

8522

59333

61011

Italy

---

---

---

1593

5312

5630

India

---

---

---

37200

35300

35372

Vietnam

120165

94624

107500

1219995

952060

1096398

China

1447100

1331783

1465904

17634188

15921982

17714052

Taiwan

1125

3375

3620

2925

8775

9439

Australia

---

---

---

69956

112116

116437

New Zealand

---

---

---

450

3024

3025

TOTAL:

2,165,975 1,966,861 2,148,224 25,953,316 23,834,437 26,144,057

               
   

October 1999

Year to date 1999

    Quantity
kilograms
Customs
Value
dollars
C.I.F.
Value
dollars
Quantity
kilograms
Customs
Value
dollars
C.I.F.
Value
dollars

NATURAL HONEY, NOT PACKAGED FOR RETAIL SALE --- NOT ELSEWHERE SPECIFIED OR INDICATED
Canada --- --- --- 276695 326200 328688
Mexico 64007 83566 88262 785817 924372 965437
Dom. Republic --- --- --- 33765 37211 39784
Uruguay --- --- --- 18483 17159 17559
Argentina 97700 93859 98841 1386963 1302618 1381843
France

581

2952

3174

3139

16223

18944

Austria

1228

3100

3274

26293

71973

75525

Switzerland

408

2864

2968

1633

11457

11821

Italy

2350

6574

6738

2350

6574

6738

Greece

4593

8100

9172

4593

8100

9172

Lebanon

---

---

---

150

3000

3059

China

78880

65768

78526

421030

390247

441128

Taiwan

360

2100

2188

5835

28785

30016

Australia

9360

28593

29043

31860

56701

58694

TOTAL:

259,467 297,476 322,186 2,998,606 3,200,620 3,388,408

SOURCE: U. S. Dept. Of Commerce, Bureau of the Census - Foreign Trade Division



U.S. EXPORTS OF HONEY BY COUNTRY OF DESTINATION, QUANTITY & VALUE
OCTOBER, 1999 & YEAR TO DATE TOTALS FOR 1999
 
   

OCTOBER 1999

 

YEAR TO DATE 1999

QUANTITY
Kilograms

VALUE
Dollars

 

QUANTITY
Kilograms

VALUE
Dollars


HONEY, NATURAL, PACKAGED FOR RETAIL SALE ---------------------------------------------------- DOMESTIC MERCHANDISE
COSTA RICA

---

---

 

839

3,369

BARBADOS

---

---

 

4,223

9,546

ARUBA

---

---

 

1,630

8,848

ECUADOR

---

---

 

2,42I

6,698

SWEDEN

---

---

 

24,313

76,440

NETHERLANDS

---

---

 

17,724

46,440

GERMANY

---

---

 

27,828

84,422

SLOVAKIA

8,738

16,562

 

17,174

33,124

RUSSIA

---

---

 

1,289

4,199

SPAIN

---

---

17,930

26,032

LEBANON

---

---

 

10,463

13,724

JORDAN

---

---

 

I8,076

35,239

KUWAIT

19,044

48,523

 

174,647

441,172

SAUDI ARABIA

54,497

83,104

 

370,164

666,245

QATAR

17,758

29,000

 

25,094

38,622

ARAB EM.

---

---

 

178,372

321,344

YEMEN

71,235

141,850

 

323,257

699,831

PAKISTAN

---

---

 

25,507

47,312

SINGAPORE

1,960

5,918

 

4,436

13,515

INDONESIA

---

---

 

1,516

5,065

PHILIPPINES

335,011

444,465

 

438,773

717,378

KOREA

---

---

 

43,798

83,993

HONG KONG

---

---

 

13,773

38,8248

TAIWAN

2,922

3,832

 

5,398

7,079

JAPAN

2,303

7,008

 

67,241

79,087

NIGERIA

2,288

7,008

2,288

7,008

TOTAL:

515,756

783,282

 

1,840,019

3,546,721


 
   

OCTOBER 1999

 

YEAR TO DATE 1999

QUANTITY
Kilograms

VALUE
Dollars

 

QUANTITY
Kilograms

VALUE
Dollars


HONEY NATURAL, NOT ELSEWHERE INDICATED OR SPECIFIED ---------------------------- DOMESTIC MERCHANDISE
CANADA

48,489

96,042

 

295,573

580,754

MEXICO

30,396

37,779

 

110,289

166,772

TRINIDAD

---

---

 

14,960

27,428

N. ANTLLES

1,449

4,740

 

6,227

21,900

ARUBA

---

---

 

2,000

6,072

GUADALUPE

---

---

 

6,018

16,401

VENEZUELA

---

---

 

1,118

3,704

GUYANA

5,638

8,460

 

5,638

8,460

SWEDEN

---

---

 

18,554

31,122

NETHERLANDS

---

---

 

1,899

4,387

BELGIUM

2,852

3,740

 

22,410

38,440

FRANCE

---

---

 

306

3,556

GERMANY

69,752

104,483

 

402,824

584,246

HUNGARY

---

---

 

528

6,650

SWITZERLAND

---

---

 

20,101

38,059

SPAIN

18,570

25,389

 

18,570

25,389

SAUDI ARABIA

---

---

 

46,478

72,567

QATAR

---

---

 

19,051

43,050

YEMEN

59,882

60,000

 

59,882

60,000

BANGLADESH

---

---

 

22,680

52,500

SINGAPORE

---

---

 

19,051

43,050

INDONESIA

1,497

4,472

 

45,123

76,892

PHILIPPINES

---

---

 

19,537

21,514

CHINA

---

---

 

246,525

352,636

KOREA

172,757

376,540

 

286,218

525,369

HONG KONG

1,814

4,790

 

334,813

456,663

TAIWAN

---

---

 

17,280

31,523

JAPAN

34,852

87,881

 

180,774

373,244

AUSTRALIA

---

---

 

16,971

19,410

TOTAL:

448,148

814,316

 

2,259,156

3,711,956


 
   

OCTOBER 1999

 

YEAR TO DATE 1999

QUANTITY
Kilograms

VALUE
Dollars

 

QUANTITY
Kilograms

VALUE
Dollars


HONEY NATURAL, NOT ELSEWHERE INDICATED OR SPECIFIED ---------------------------- FOREIGN MERCHANDISE
CANADA

---

---

 

10,449

25,717



GERMANY ... ANNUAL HONEY REPORT ... 1999

Germany's 1998 honey crop was 16,306 MT, contrary to the 13,000 MT reported in GM9020 and despite adverse weather conditions (low temperatures, continuous rainfall) throughout this year. Higher imports, mainly from China, Mexico & Argentina added to the "normal" German crop. Imported honey, especially from China, got bad press coverage in recent weeks as there were claims this source was contaminated with pesticides & of poor quality. Although this type of honey cannot be identified as imported honey & is generally mixed with others, no negative impact on overall honey consumption is expected. In fact, honey consumption increased to 93,281 MT in 1998.

Honey imports in 1998 are estimated at 93,542 MT, mainly from China, Mexico & Argentina. Most of the imports arrive in Germany in containers for further processing & refilling. They hold a market share of over 90%.

The German market provides opportunities for U.S. honey processors, especially if the honey is marketed in new, attractive and practical honey jars (appealing to children, for example) or plastic containers in consumer-friendly sizes.

Within the European Union (EU), imported honey (harmonized tariff code 04090000) is charged a tariff rate of 18.9 percent through June 30, 2000. There will be a tariff rate of 17.3 percent beginning July 1, 2000. In Germany, the value added tax on honey is seven percent, which is borne by the consumer/end user. Unlike the common EU tariff rates, value added taxes vary among EU member states.

Note: In recent years the U.S. dollar/German mark exchange rate has been as follows:
1991: $1 = DM 1.66
1992: $1 = DM 1.52
1993: $1 = DM 1.65
1994: $1 = DM 1.61
1995: $1 = DM 1.43
1996: $1 = DM 1.50
1997: $1 = DM 1.70
1998: $1 = DM 1.76
1999: $1 = DM 1.66

Further exchange rates are for: Euro ()/German mark: 1 = DM 1.95583, /U.S. dollar: 1 = $ 1.0708 (8/7/1999).

COMMODITY - HONEY - (1000 COLONIES)(MT)

1997

1998

1999

   

Old

New

Old

New

Old

New

Market Year Begin

01/1997

01/1998

01/1999


Commercial Colonies

182

182

180

160

0

155

Non commercial Colonies

770

770

760

757

0

755

TOTAL COLONIES

952

952

940

917

0

910

Beginning Stocks

500

500

0

0

0

3,000

Production

15,069

15,069

13,000

16,306

0

13,000

Imports

83,288

83,370

87,000

93,542

0

87,000

TOTAL SUPPLY

98,857

98,939

100,000

109,848

0

103,000

Exports

13,059

13,384

12,000

13,567

0

12,000

Domestic Consumption

85,798

85,555

88,000

93,281

0

91,000

EndingStocks

0

0

0

3,000

0

0

TOTAL DISTRIBUTION

98,857

98,939

100,000

109,848

0

103,000