NATIONAL HONEY MARKET NEWS
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE
FRUIT AND VEGETABLE DIVISION
21 N. 1st AVENUE, SUITE 224
YAKIMA, WA 98902-2663
PHONE: (509) 575-2494




HONEY MARKET FOR THE MONTH OF NOVEMBER, 1999 IN VOLUMES OF 10,000 POUNDS OR GREATER.

PRICES PAID TO BEEKEEPERS FOR EXTRACTED, UNPROCESSED HONEY IN MAJOR PRODUCING STATES BY PACKERS, HANDLERS & OTHER LARGE USERS, CENTS PER POUND, F.O.B. OR DELIVERED NEARBY, CONTAlNERS EXCHANGED OR RETURNED, PROMPT DELIVERY & PAYMENT UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED.

ARKANSAS
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 41¢
-
SOYBEAN & SOYBEAN/COTTON, LIGHT AMBER, 46 - 47¢

CALIFORNIA
- ALFALFA, WHITE, 55¢ - - - EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 46 - 50¢
- ALFALFA/COTTON, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 46 - 54¢ - - - LIGHT AMBER, 44¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, WHITE, 53¢, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 45 - 47¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 44 - 45¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, AMBER, 37¢ - - - CAPPINGS 33¢

FLORIDA
- BRAZILIAN PEPPER, LIGHT AMBER (BAKERY GRADE), 42¢
- GALLBERRY, LIGHT AMBER, 42¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 41¢
- ORANGE, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 53¢ - - - DARK AMBER, 42¢
- TUPELO, WHITE, $1.20
- WAX, LIGHT, $1.45

IDAHO
- ALFALFA, LIGHT AMBER, 50¢ (SMALL LOT)
- CLOVER, WHITE, 57 - 58¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 45¢ (SMALL LOT)
- STAR THISTLE, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 45 - 50¢
- WILD FLOWERS, AMBER, 40¢ (SMALL LOT)

MICHIGAN
- CLOVER, WHITE, 50¢

MINNESOTA
- BUCKWHEAT, WHITE, 60¢
- CLOVER, WHITE, 54 - 60¢

MONTANA
- CLOVER, WHITE, 53 - 60¢

NEBRASKA
- CLOVER, WHITE, 56 - 60¢

NORTH DAKOTA
- BUCKWHEAT, LIGHT AMBER, 58¢
- CLOVER, WHITE, 54 - 60¢
- SUNFLOWER, LIGHT AMBER, 55¢

OREGON
- BLACKBERRY, WHITE, 55¢ (SMALL LOT)
- CLOVER, WHITE, 55¢

PENNSYLVANIA
- WILDFLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 45¢

SOUTH DAKOTA
- BUCKWHEAT, LIGHT AMBER, 58¢
- CLOVER, WHITE, 54 - 60¢
- SUNFLOWER, LIGHT AMBER, 55¢

TEXAS
- CHINESE TALLOW, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 44¢ - - - AMBER, 45¢
- COTTON, LIGHT AMBER, 45¢

UTAH
- ALFALFA, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 48¢ - - - LIGHT AMBER, 45¢

WASHINGTON
- ALFALFA, LIGHT AMBER, 45¢
- BUCKWHEAT, DARK AMBER, 35¢ (SMALL LOT)
- WILDFLOWERS, AMBER, 40¢

WYOMING
- ALFALFA, WHITE, 60¢



PRICES PAID TO CANADIAN BEEKEEPERS FOR UNPROCESSED BULK HONEY BY PACKERS AND IMPORTERS IN U.S. CURRENCY, F.O.B. SHIPPING POINT, CONTAINERS INCLUDED UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED. DUTY AND CROSSING CHARGES EXTRA. CENTS PER POUND.

ALBERTA & MANITOBA
- CLOVER, WHITE, 54¢

MANITOBA
- RAPESEED/CLOVER, WHITE, 51¢

WINNIPEG
- CLOVER, WATER WHITE, 57¢ (DELIVERED TO PACKER IN U.S.)

PROVINCE UNKNOWN
- MIXED FLOWERS, EXTRA WHITE, 54¢



PRICES PAID TO IMPORTERS FOR BULK HONEY, DUTY PAID, CONTAINERS INCLUDED, CENTS PER POUND EX-DOCK OR POINT OF ENTRY UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED.

EAST COAST. . . ARGENTINA
- CLOVER, WHITE, 50 - 50.5¢

ARGENTINA
- MIXED FLOWERS, WHITE, 49 - 50¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 48¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 48 - 49¢

CHINA
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 41¢

WEST COAST....CHINA
- MIXED FLOWERS, EXTRA LIGHT & LIGHT AMBER, 45¢



CALIFORNIA BEESWAX MARKET SITUATION --- NOVEMBER, 1999
(unbleached, raw beeswax, delivered to handlers's warehouse)

Offerings of wax continue to be light as producers are sitting on this crop rather than sell at current prices. Handlers are not reporting any shortages as sales to candle companies began to pick up as the holiday season approaches.

There was a wide range in prices being paid for light colored wax at $1.20 - 1.40 per pound with most trading at $1.20. Small amounts of dark colored wax were purchased at $1.10.


COLONY, HONEY PLANT & MARKET CONDITIONS DURING NOVEMBER

APPALACHIAN DISTRICT - (MD, PA, VA, WV)
Beekeepers have prepared colonies for the winter and a few beekeepers have shipped colonies to southern locales. Colonies are very healthy and in fairly good condition. There is some concern over the amount of food stores, which is reported to be variable throughout the Appalachian District. The goldenrod and aster bloom was good and many colonies were able to build sufficient stores. However, in some areas, the weather hindered nectar collection and colonies were unable to build stores to a comfortable level. There were isolated reports of resistance to Apistan and also the Terramycin. The first cold temperatures of the winter occurred this week with lows in the upper 20's and wind chills even lower. Warmer temperatures (lows in the mid-30's) are expected by late week.

CALIFORNIA
The first week of November was fairly normal with temperatures ranging from the upper 60's to low 80's inland and in the 50's and 60's along the coast. The beginning of the next week, a series of Pacific storms moved through the state, bringing widespread rains and significant snowfall to the mountains. Around the 15th, a high pressure system allowed temperatures to climb above normal when highs reached the 80's and low 90's. Conditions changed almost daily through the end of November. Rain and snow fell in the mountains, small amounts of rain fell in Southern California while the north reported precipitation on several days. Despite the rain, many areas are way below their normal precipitation levels.

The bees are reported to be in fairly good condition. In the south, they are sitting along rivers in the desert waiting for the eucalyptus to bloom. Pollen patties and strips for mites were being added as the bees prepare for winter. More feed than usual was sometimes needed in Northern and Central California but cooler temperatures were beginning to keep the bees clustered. Some dead-outs were being discovered, especially in colonies that were used to pollinate alfalfa seed. Beekeepers think it could be because they are setting closer to areas that were sprayed with pesticides.

Queen breeders and package producers were beginning to get orders for spring delivery. Beekeeping supply companies reported business to be very slow because of low honey prices. Beekeepers are bringing in honey to trade for supplies or are only purchasing essential items such as syrup, pollen substitutes or mite-treatment strips.

Honey sales are also increasing with the upcoming holiday season.

COLORADO
The month of November continued to see temperatures above normal for most of the month. Several record high temperatures were broken throughout the month. Daytime highs averaged from the mid 60s to the mid 70s, with the lows generally in 20s to the lower 30s. Colorado received very little moisture during November. Moisture levels to this date are now about normal for this time of the year.

Bee colonies kept instate during the winter months are said to be in fairly good shape due to the above normal temperatures for most of the state. Migratory colonies being kept in California and South Texas are said to be progressing well in their winter yards with little supplemental feeding. Honey sales are said to be fairly good as the holidays are approaching.

FLORIDA
Temperatures were cool the first part of the month. The warmer temperatures returned the middle part of the month. Cooler temperatures remained the last part of the month. Most lows were in the 40's and 50's while most highs were in the 70's and 80's. Rainfall varied from no rain to over two inches.

The bees are gathering a little bit of nectar from Spanish needle and other wildflowers. The Brazilian pepper crop was short due to the effects of the hurricanes. Around 50% of the honey from was from Brazilian Pepper. The flow was spotty but really good. Most of the beekeepers are controlling the mites and beetles.

There is no demand for Florida honey. The market is very poor.

GEORGIA
Colonies around the state were in fair to good condition. The fall honey flows in middle and north Georgia were generally less than favorable. Bees were unable to increase their level of stores at most locations around the state. Due to the unfavorable honey flow in the fall, beekeepers were actively involved in the past month or so in supplemental feeding as colonies approach the winter months. Feeding was heavy at many locations. Additional activities in the month included fall maintenance programs.

IDAHO
Wet weather set all kinds of records throughout the state, with four record highs, making this November the 6th warmest on record. Only trace amounts of precipitation were recorded during the month. The water year precipitation total is .50" or I .57" below normal.

A few commercial beekeepers have started to relocate hives to California for the winter, others will get started in December. Colonies seem to be in good shape with good stores for the winter.

ILLINOIS
Continued dry weather and warmer than normal temperatures was reported over most of the state. Most colonies were in good condition heading into the winter. According to The Illinois Agricultural Service, soil moisture was rated 38% very short, 54% short and 8% adequate. Many beekeepers reported an increase in supplemental feeding demand due to the mild temperatures and the lack of rainfall. The first and mid-month, several cities reported near or record high temperatures. The last week in the month, most areas of the state received light to moderate rainfall to relieve some of the near drought conditions.

Most beekeepers reported honey sales were good due to baking for the holidays.

INDIANA
Most of the month temperatures in the 60's and 70's was reported over most of the state. Generally most of the state reported soil moisture was short. Many beekeepers reported very little floral sources had survived the prior frosts. In protected areas around out buildings or fence rows some daisy, petunia, geranium and snapdragon were still in bloom. Colonies were generally in good condition going into winter as hives had many days for cleansing flights. Some hives had ample honey stores for overwintering while supplemental feeding was required by many colonies.

Honey sales were reported brisk due to increased demand for holiday baking.

MISSISSIPPI
Colonies around the state were generally in good condition. There was very little activity occurring around the state in November. There were some reports of supplemental feeding occurring in colonies with light stores. Beekeepers were also closely inspecting colonies for mite infestation, cleaning up bee yards, and involved in equipment maintenance.

MISSOURI & IOWA
The most notable item about the bee operations during November was the continued dry, warm weather. Precipitation ranged from slightly below normal to much below normal for November. The exception in precipitation levels was in Iowa with the total at Waterloo for the year at 43.40" which is 11" above normal. The rest of Iowa had rainfall totals from slightly below to slightly above normal. Missouri rainfall total s for the year were generally 2 - 5" below normal with the deficit generally since June.

Colonies were still eating more of the food reserves than normal because the bees were able to be active and the pollen and nectar sources were almost gone. Dry weather has made travel conditions to the yards ideal & feeding conditions for the colonies very good. Beekeepers who pack their own honey were busy with holiday orders In addition to their regular wholesale/retail trade. Trading activity at the wholesale was slow.

Conditions of the colonies were generally very good. Feeding requirements are expected early next spring. At the annual Iowa Honey Producers meeting on November 19-20th, beekeepers reported near normal honey yields per hive of about 70 pounds. The formal Agricultural Statistics Report will be issued later.

MONTANA
Conditions across the state continued to be unseasonably mild during November with some areas beginning to dry out. Hives that are wintered in Montana have been wrapped and set in holding yards. On days when it was sunny and temperatures climbed over 40 degrees, the bees took numerous cleansing flights. Other hives are setting in California waiting for the almond bloom.

NEVADA
November continued the trend of the last few months with dry conditions and warmer weather. Precipitation was sporadic and well below normal levels. This was the second warmest November on record.

The bees are pretty well wrapped up and treated for the winter. The lack of rain/snow has some worried about irrigation water availability for next year. Over the years there has been a reduction of foraging areas for the bees and less irrigated crops as well. With new water management districts exercising even more control over water usage.

NEW ENGLAND
Most beekeepers report that their colonies are in good condition going into the winter. They also report that they did have to feed quite extensively in late October into early November to build up stores for the winter. A late stretch of mild weather in the earlier part of the month allowed bees to go on cleansing flights. Beekeepers were also able to perform some last minute clean-up and maintenance on their hives before closing them up for the winter.

This will be the last report of the season for the New England area. Reports will resume in the spring when significant activity starts in the hives.

NORTH CAROLINA
Moisture levels across the state have been variable, with the mountains receiving some much needed rain during the last week of the month. In the Piedmont and eastern portion of the state, there is concern about the light weight of the colonies as they enter the winter months. It also appears that some colonies shut down their brood rearing earlier than normal. Beekeepers in the eastern part of the state are being urged to monitor their hives for mites, as there is some evidence that the mites are becoming resistant to the strips. If this appears to be a problem, beekeepers need to contact their state apiary officials.

Retail honey sales over the holidays were reported to be moderate.

OREGON
Temperatures were mild across the state during November except for a short stretch the middle of the month when record daytime highs were recorded, especially in Eastern Oregon. Frequent and heavy rains were also noted in Western Oregon along with snow in the Cascade Mountains. The first major storm of the fall season hit the coast the end of the month. Heavy rains, overflowing rivers and mudslides made Thanksgiving a mess, closing several highways and virtually cutting off two coastal counties from the rest of the state. As of the 27th of the month, numerous roads were still blocked by trees and mudslides or covered with water. The weather service reported the states precipitation was nearly 3" ahead of a normal November.

Most commercial beekeepers reported their bees are in good condition but they made sure they were on higher ground. They were also diligent in checking to see if the feed they put on or left on in October was lasting. They were also busy making seasonal repairs to their equipment. A few beekeepers noted significant problems with yellow jackets this fall. They sometimes wiped out entire colonies along with any honey.

Honey sales have been fairly slow but both commercial and small packers are hoping for an increase in demand with the holidays approaching.

UTAH
Above normal temperatures and little precipitation was the rule for most of the month. The water precipitation total 1.83" below normal. Most beekeepers have finished with preparation for winter and report that colonies seem to be in good shape. Commercial beekeepers have started moving hives to California for the almond bloom.

Holiday honey sales have been slow so far this year.

Near the Utah - Nevada border, Africanized honeybees were reported in Mesquite, Nevada (120 miles northeast of Las Vegas), when a public works employee was stung repeatedly. There are no confirmed reports of the seen in southern Utah, but experts say the bees could reach southern Utah at any time. (AP)

WASHINGTON
Conditions were fairly mild in Western Washington the first part of November. Intermittent sun mixed with the clouds and daytime highs were in the mid-50's while lows dropped into the mid-30's. By the 11th, heavy rains hit the area, closing major mountain passes when it combined with melting snow, flooding the roads with a foot of water. Rainfall totals for 24 hours ending the 12th hit 2-3". Several rivers on the west side also overflowed when the water rose 6 feet above flood stage. The bees are reported to be in good condition as they have learned to adjust to the wet weather. On a few sunny days, when temperatures were in the 50's, they took frequent cleansing flights. Because conditions have been mile, with no heavy frost, many ornamental flowers continue to bloom. Some feed was added to colonies that weren't left with adequate stores last fall. There were also reports of a few hives getting caught in the flood waters.

The weather was also fairly mild in Eastern Washington. An unusual warm front moved across the area the middle of the month, setting record high temperatures. Yakima shattered last years record high of 63 degrees when it hit 72 degrees and Walla Walla jumped over 80 degrees. Nighttime lows were mostly in the 30's but occasionally dropped into the low 20's. Periodic rains also occurred across the region with snow falling in the Cascades. Bees wintered in the state are reported to be in fairly good condition. Hives were opened and colony size and food supplies were checked. Some beekeepers added honey they had saved when they extracted this years crop to lighter colonies. Migratory beekeepers finished hauling their bees to holding yards in California the first of the month and then went back towards the end of November to take out mike treatments. They are reported to be in very good condition despite the warm, dry weather that has kept them very active and eating stores.

WISCONSIN
Dry conditions and above normal temperatures helped farmers complete harvest and other fail activities. Beekeepers however increased fall feeding as warm temperatures depleted honey stores more rapidly than generally occurs. According to the National Weather Service, the state had between 21 & 29 inches of rainfall this past growing season. This was four inches above normal, however it was pointed out most rainfall fell earlier in the growing season. By the end of the month some parts of the state reported measurable snowfall.

Some beekeepers had reported colonies were in generally good condition heading into winter. Colonies had been treated with either Apistan or CheckMite in late August or early September were doing well. Hives that had no treatment or treated in early spring were showing signs of varroa mites. State figures from the 1999 fall survey show a 10% increase in colony losses which were been blamed on varroa mites, chalkboard and American foulbrood.

Honey sales were generally good do to holiday baking demand


U. S. IMPORTS OF HONEY BY COUNTRY, QUANTITY AND VALUE, SEPTEMBER, 1999 & YEAR TO DATE TOTALS FOR 1999

               
   

September 1999

Year to date 1999

    Quantity
kilograms
Customs
Value
dollars
C.I.F.
Value
dollars
Quantity
kilograms
Customs
Value
dollars
C.I.F.
Value
dollars

NATURAL HONEY, NOT PACKAGED FOR RETAIL SALE --- WHITE
Canada 247828 307474 309724 8269085 10074087 10240299
Mexico --- --- --- 293773 349021 363509
Uruguay --- --- --- 36600 35502 36302
Argentina 2416974 2284986 2402905 22843835 22899140 23857702
United Kingdom --- --- --- 2016 22104 23119
China, Mainland 37700 38077 41777 601170 672104 736979
Australia --- --- --- 225816 288731 310468
New Zealand --- --- --- 1801 8553 8800

TOTAL:

2,702,502 2,630,537 2,754,406 32,274,096 34,349,242 35,577,178

NATURAL HONEY, NOT PACKAGED FOR RETAIL SALE --- EXTRA LIGHT AMBER
Canada 38096 58334 59434 106341 132132 133799
Mexico --- --- --- 97072 107822 112595
Uruguay --- --- --- 55449 50577 52677
Argentina 810670 723615 773888 4568665 4551039 4738611
Italy

---

---

---

420

2813

3308

Vietnam --- --- --- 37700 28652 31762
China

116000

105756

120700

116000

105756

120700

TOTAL:

964,766 887,705 954,022 4,981,647 4,978,791 5,193,452

               
   

September 1999

Year to date 1999

    Quantity
kilograms
Customs
Value
dollars
C.I.F.
Value
dollars
Quantity
kilograms
Customs
Value
dollars
C.I.F.
Value
dollars

NATURAL HONEY, NOT PACKAGED FOR RETAIL SALE --- LIGHT AMBER
Canada 870 2209 2294 244570 298987 303507
Mexico 74028 74188 77437 1763478 1658703 1758320
El Salvador --- --- --- 421 2082 2238
Nicaragua --- --- --- 16335 28934 31359
Argentina 807977 716422 761701 4259719 3882397 4080770
United Kingdom

204

4662

4912

3943

32721

33845

France

1747

15549

16456

13429

110074

117786

Germany

12069

29881

33201

64834

157574

173167

Hungary

3000

7800

8585

4372

10590

11738

Switzerland

---

---

---

8522

59333

61011

Italy

1071

2371

2521

1593

5312

5630

India

---

---

---

37200

35300

35372

Vietnam

168880

117256

139445

1099830

857436

988898

China

1736230

1536091

1718804

16187088

14590199

26248148

Taiwan

750

2250

2439

1800

5400

5819

Australia

21596

36065

37536

69956

112116

116437

New Zealand

---

---

---

450

3024

3025

TOTAL:

2,828,422 2,544,744 2,805,331 23,787,341 21,867,576 23,995,833

               
   

September 1999

Year to date 1999

    Quantity
kilograms
Customs
Value
dollars
C.I.F.
Value
dollars
Quantity
kilograms
Customs
Value
dollars
C.I.F.
Value
dollars

NATURAL HONEY, NOT PACKAGED FOR RETAIL SALE --- NOT ELSEWHERE SPECIFIED OR INDICATED
Canada 18067 15135 15185 276695 326200 328688
Mexico 40183 50665 55327 721810 840806 877175
Dom. Republic --- --- --- 33765 37211 39784
Uruguay --- --- --- 18483 17159 17559
Argentina 57135 56046 60474 1289263 1208759 1283002
France

---

---

---

2558

13271

15770

Austria

3950

99150

10242

25065

68873

72251

Switzerland

408

2864

2974

1225

8593

8853

Lebanon

---

---

---

150

3000

3059

China

---

---

---

342150

324479

362602

Taiwan

---

---

---

5475

26685

27828

Australia

---

---

---

22500

28108

29651

TOTAL:

119,743 134,625 144,202 2,739,139 2,903,144 3,066,222

SOURCE: U. S. Dept. Of Commerce, Bureau of the Census - Foreign Trade Division



U.S. EXPORTS OF HONEY BY COUNTRY OF DESTINATION, QUANTITY & VALUE
SEPTEMBER, 1999 & YEAR TO DATE TOTALS FOR 1999
 
   

SEPTEMBER 1999

 

YEAR TO DATE 1999

QUANTITY
Kilograms

VALUE
Dollars

 

QUANTITY
Kilograms

VALUE
Dollars


HONEY, NATURAL, PACKAGED FOR RETAIL SALE ---------------------------------------------------- DOMESTIC MERCHANDISE
COSTA RICA

---

---

 

839

3,369

BARBADOS

---

---

 

4,223

9,546

ARUBA

---

---

 

1,630

8,848

ECUADOR

---

---

 

2,42I

6,698

SWEDEN

11,930

36,540

 

24,313

76,440

NETHERLANDS

---

---

 

17,724

46,440

GERMANY

27,828

84,422

 

27,828

84,422

SLOVAKIA

8,436

16,562

 

8,436

16,562

RUSSIA

---

---

 

1,289

4,199

SPAIN

---

---

17,930

26,032

LEBANON

10,463

13,724

 

10,463

13,724

JORDAN

---

---

 

I8,076

35,239

KUWAIT

---

---

 

155,603

392,649

SAUDI ARABIA

48,112

88,332

 

315,667

583,141

QATAR

---

---

 

7,336

9,622

ARAB EM.

43,500

56,985

 

178,372

321,344

YEMEN

35,588

78,6400

 

252,022

557,981

PAKISTAN

5,171

15,234

 

25,507

47,312

SINGAPORE

---

---

 

2,476

7,597

INDONESIA

550

3,028

 

1,516

5,065

PHILIPPINES

2,071

4,820

 

103,762

272,913

KOREA

---

---

 

43,798

83,993

HONG KONG

---

---

 

13,773

38,8248

TAIWAN

---

---

 

2,476

3,247

JAPAN

16,329

6,600

 

64,938

76,067

TOTAL:

231,823

436,052

 

1,324,263

2,763,439


 
   

SEPTEMBER 1999

 

YEAR TO DATE 1999

QUANTITY
Kilograms

VALUE
Dollars

 

QUANTITY
Kilograms

VALUE
Dollars


HONEY NATURAL, NOT ELSEWHERE INDICATED OR SPECIFIED ---------------------------- DOMESTIC MERCHANDISE
CANADA

33,468

65,315

 

246,884

484,712

MEXICO

59,523

86,289

 

79,893

128,993

TRINIDAD

---

---

 

14,960

27,428

N. ANTLLES

3,000

8,299

 

4,778

17,160

ARUBA

1,000

3,312

 

2,000

6,072

GUADALUPE

---

---

 

6,018

16,401

VENEZUELA

---

---

 

1,118

3,704

SWEDEN

---

---

 

18,554

31,122

NETHERLANDS

1,898

4,387

 

1,899

4,387

BELGIUM

19,558

34,700

 

19,558

34,700

FRANCE

---

---

 

306

3,556

GERMANY

9,767

12,811

 

333,072

479,763

HUNGARY

---

---

 

528

6,650

SWITZERLAND

---

---

 

20,101

38,059

SAUDI ARABIA

11,227

14,707

 

46,478

72,567

QATAR

---

---

 

19,051

43,050

BANGLADESH

18,144

42,000

 

22,680

52,500

SINGAPORE

---

---

 

19,051

43,050

INDONESIA

1,497

3,432

 

43,626

72,420

PHILIPPINES

---

---

 

19,537

21,514

CHINA

---

---

 

246,525

352,636

KOREA

---

---

 

113,461

148,829

HONG KONG

317,577

417,023

 

332,999

451,873

TAIWAN

---

---

 

17,280

31,523

JAPAN

13,235

243,780

 

145,922

285,363

AUSTRALIA

---

---

 

16,971

19,410

TOTAL:

508,946

748,903

 

1,811,008

2,897,640


 
   

SEPTEMBER 1999

 

YEAR TO DATE 1999

QUANTITY
Kilograms

VALUE
Dollars

 

QUANTITY
Kilograms

VALUE
Dollars


HONEY NATURAL, NOT ELSEWHERE INDICATED OR SPECIFIED ---------------------------- FOREIGN MERCHANDISE
CANADA

---

---

 

10,449

25,717



CANADA ... ANNUAL HONEY REPORT ... 1999

PRODUCTION:
SITUATION & OUTLOOK... HONEY PRODUCERS HARVESTED THE LARGEST CROP EVER RECORDED IN CANADA DURING 1998 REFLECTING GOOD WEATHER IN ALL HONEY PRODUCING REGIONS & ABOVE HISTORICAL AVERAGE YIELDS. STATISTICS CANADA CURRENTLY ESTIMATES THE 1998 HONEY CROP AT 42,456 MT, NEARLY 400% ABOVE THE PREVIOUS FIVE YEAR AVERAGE. FOR 1999, LESS FAVORABLE WEATHER IN WESTERN CANADA IS EXPECTED TO RESULT IN A SHARP DECUNE FROM LAST YEARS RECORD PRODUCTION LEVEL. PRESENT PROSPECTS POINT TO A TOTAL CANADIAN HONEY CROP IN 1999 NEAR 34,000 MT, ABOUT 200% BELOW THE RECORD 1998 PRODUCTION, BUT STILL ABOVE THE 1993-1997 AVERAGE OF JUST UNDER 31,000 MT.

CANADA'S PRAIRIE PROVINCES (ALBERTA, SASKATCHEWAN & MANITOBA) ACCOUNT FOR THREE QUARTERS OF TOTAL CANADIAN HONEY PRODUCTION. THE REGION, WHICH COMBINES VAST EXPANSES OF FLOWERING FORAGE CROPS & LONG SUMMER DAYS, PROVIDES HISTORICAL AVERAGE YIELDS OF 60 KG PER HIVE. FOR THE RECORD 1998 HONEY CROP, AVERAGE YIELDS NATIONALLY REACHED 82 KG LED BY SASKATCHEWAN WHERE HIVES YIELDED A 109 KG AVERAGE. ALBERTA IS THE TOP PRODUCING PROVINCE & ACCOUNTS FOR MORE THAN ONE-THIRD OF TOTAL PRODUCTION.

ACCORDING TO STATISTICS CANADA, THE NUMBER OF BEEKEEPERS IN CANADA INCREASED SLIGHTLY IN 1998 TO 11,192 FROM 10,880 A YEAR EARLIER, BUT THE TREND IS TO FEWER BEEKEEPERS WITH MORE HIVES. IN 1998, BEEKEEPERS KEPT AN AVERAGE 46 HIVES EACH COMPARED TO THE 1992-1996 FIVE YEAR AVERAGE OF 42 HIVES PER PRODUCER.


(1) = estimates
(2) = new producing provinces

CONSUMPTION:
PRICES.. IN AUGUST 1999, PROVINCIAL APIARISTS REPORTED CANADIAN HONEY PRODUCERS WERE
RECEIVING APPROXIMATELY C$0.75 PER POUND FOR BULK HONEY. FROM A HIGH OF C$1.25-C$1.30 IN 1996,
PRICES TO PRODUCERS FELL TO $CO.95-C$1.00 IN 1997 AND TO ABOUT C$0.82 CENTS DURING 1998.

COMMODITY - HONEY - (1000 COLONIES)(MT)

Revised 1998

Preliminary 1999

Forecast 2000

   

Old

New

Old

New

Old

New

Market Year Begin

01/1998

01/1999

01/2000


Commercial Colonies

525

517

0

515

0

512

Non commercial Colonies

0

0

0

0

0

0

TOTAL COLONIES

525

517

0

515

0

512

Beginning Stocks

4000

4000

0

7000

0

2000

Production

33000

42456

0

34000

0

32000

Imports

1900

2409

0

2600

0

2800

TOTAL SUPPLY

38900

48865

0

43600

0

36800

Exports

9000

11208

0

15000

0

8000

Domestic Consumption

26900

30657

0

26600

0

25800

EndingStocks

3000

7000

0

2000

0

3000

TOTAL DISTRIBUTION

38900

48865

0

43600

0

36800



PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION.. .THE FOLLOWING TABLE PREPARED FROM STATISTICS CANADA DATA SHOWS APPARENT CANADIAN HONEY CONSUMPTION FOR THE PERIOD 1993-1998. STATISTICS CANADA'S HONEY CONSUMPTION SERIES DOES NOT MAKE AN ALLOWANCE FOR HONEY STOCKS. CONSEQUENTLY, OFFICIAL CANADIAN HONEY CONSUMPTION STATISTICS TRACK DOMESTIC PRODUCTION LEVELS AND TRADE ON A CALENDAR YEAR BASIS AND FOR 1998 MAY OVERSTATE ACTUAL HONEY CONSUMPTION. A SIGNIFICANT PORTION OF HONEY FOR EXPORT FROM THE LARGE 1998 HONEY CROP WAS NOT EXPORTED UNTIL 1999.

CANADA: APPARENT PER CAPITA HONEY CONSUMPTION
Year Kilograms Year Kilograms
1993 0.83 1994 0.97
1995 0.65 1996 1.02
1997 0.82 1998 1.10


STOCKS:
POSTS ESTIMATES THAT CANADIAN HONEY STOCKS AT THE END OF 1998 ROSE SIGNIFICANTLY TO ABOUT
7,000 METRIC TONS AFTER PRODUCERS HARVESTED THE LARGEST HONEY CROP ON RECORD. INCREASED CANADIAN EXPORTS OF HONEY IN THE FIRST HALF OF 1999 LARGELY REFLECT THE HIGHER CARRY-OVER STOCKS FROM THE RECORD 1998 CROP. HONEY STOCK LEVELS IN 1999 ARE EXPECTED TO DECLINE THROUGHOUT THE CURRENT YEAR REFLECTING INCREASED EXPORTS AND LOWER CANADIAN HONEY OUTPUT.

HONEY TRADE - EXPORTS... RECORD HONEY PRODUCTION IN 1998 RESULTED IN INCREASED EXPORTS OF CANADIAN HONEY. TOTAL CANADIAN HONEY EXPORTS IN 1998 ROSE MORE THAN 500% FROM THE YEAR EARLIER LEVEL TO REACH 11,208 METRIC TONS. EXPORTS TO THE UNITED STATES AND GERMANY ACCOUNTED FOR MORE THAN 690% OF TOTAL CANADIAN HONEY EXPORTS IN 1998. FOR 1999, EXPORTS OF CARRY-OVER OLD CROP HONEY BOOSTED HONEY EXPORTS IN THE FIRST SIX MONTHS OF THE YEAR TO NEARLY THREE TIMES THE 1998 LEVEL FOR THE SAME PERIOD. POST FORECASTS TOTAL 1999 CANADIAN HONEY EXPORTS TO REACH ABOUT 15,000 METRIC TONS, OR 330% ABOVE THE 1998 LEVEL. HONEY EXPORTS IN 2000 ARE EXPECTED TO DECLINE TO ABOUT THE 8,000-9,000 METRIC TON RANGE GIVEN THE ANTICIPATED RETURN TO MORE NORMAL PRODUCTION PROSPECTS.

CANADIAN HONEY EXPORTS - 1995-1998 CALENDAR YEARS - JANUARY TO JUNE COMPARISONS FOR '98 & '99

Units: metric tons

Jan-June

Jan-June

%
 

1995

1996

1997

1998

1998

1999

change
U.S.A.

12,024

12,024

12,024

12,024

12,024

12,024

100+%

Germany

1,688

1,187

2,211

2,948

810

913

13%

Japan

734

113

366

316

85

103

22%

United Kingdom

376

278

424

278

77

123

60%

Netherlands

158

49

61

201

61

79

29%

France

184

99

59

112

35

71

103%

Sweden

40

20

20

61

13

19

49%

Denmark

78

61

0

121

100+%

Ireland

74

128

45

32

32

24

-25%

Switzerland

90

13

55

19

0

0

0%

Mexico

119

0

0

0%

Others

140

94

112

129

21

3

-88%

Grand Total:

15,587

9,981

7,413

11,208

3,347

9,217

100+%




POLICY:
BEE PROHIBITION ORDER.. .CANADA HAS BANNED IMPORTS OF LIVE U.S. BEES SINCE 1987 DUE TO THE PRESENCE OF VARROA MITE IN CERTAIN U.S. STATES. IN 1993, AGRICULTURE AND AGRI-FOOD CANADA PERMITTED THE RESUMPTION OF THE IMPORTATION OF QUEEN BEES FROM HAWAII UNDER STRICT HEALTH MEASURES. UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF THE ANIMAL HEALTH ACT AND REGULATIONS, THE GOC HAS BEEN EXTENDING THE IMPORT BAN AT TWO YEAR INTERVALS. THE CURRENT HONEYBEE IMPORT PROHIBITION ORDER EXPIRES ON DECEMBER 31, 1999, BUT HONEY INDUSTRY CONTACTS BELIEVE THE MINISTER WILL RENEW THE ORDER LATER THIS YEAR FOR AN ADDITIONAL TWO YEARS. OVER THE LAST DECADE, THE BEE IMPORTATION BAN HAS RESULTED IN AN INCREASE IN THE PRACTICE OF OVERWINTERING BEES IN CANADA AND ADDITIONAL IMPORTS OF LIVE BEES FROM AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND.

VALUE OF CANADIAN LIVE BEE IMPORTS IN $CAN. '000
Country

1995

1996

1997

1998

New Zealand

585

1,566

2,075

1,885

United States

812

706

1,054

1,023

Australia

138

277

526

271

Others

1

- - -

1

51

TOTAL:

1,536

2,549

3,656

3,230


Source: Statistics Canada; TIERS

IMPORTS:
CANADA'S IMPORT MARKET FOR HONEY CHANGED SUBSTANTIALLY FOLLOWING THE COMBINATION OF THE
CLOSURE IN 1997 OF A MAJOR HONEY IMPORTER/BLENDER OPERATION WHICH BLENDED CHINESE & CANADIAN HONEY (FOR EXPORT) & THE U.S/CHINA HONEY SUSPENSION AGREEMENT UNDER WHICH THE PRICE EXPORTED FROM CHINA TO THE US IS DETERMINED BY A REFERENCE POINT SET SIX MONTHS PRIOR TO ACTUAL TRADING. AS SHOWN BELOW, CHINA & THE U.S. ARE THE MAJOR SUPPLIES OF IMPORTED HONEY. IMPORTS IN THE FIRST SIX MONTHS OF 1999 ROSE MODESTLY FROM THE SAME PERIOD A YEAR AGO. ARGENTINA, AN IMPORTANT WORLD EXPORTER OF HONEY, HAS NOT EXPORTED SIGNIFICANT QUANTITIES OF HONEY TO CANADA OVER THE PAST TWO YEARS.

CANADIAN HONEY IMPORTS - 1995-1998 CALENDAR YEARS - JANUARY TO JUNE COMPARISONS FOR '98 & '99

Units: metric tons

Jan-June

Jan-June

%
 

1995

1996

1997

1998

1998

1999

change
China, P. Rep.

3,522

10,918

933

1,800

1,048

1,190

14%

U.S.A.

309

554

448

405

269

160

-40%

Italy

10

0

1

38

3

2

-44%

Switzerland

311

151

51

36

9

17

90%

Hungary

9

17

26

0

0

0%

New Zealand

36

8

29

24

3

24

100+%

Greece

24

25

67

14

2

34

100+%

Mexico

0

0

8

8

34

100+%

Hong Kong

8

151

30

6

7

0

-98%

Argentina

3

1,534

297

1

0

7

100+%

Others

27

59

119

51

14

23

66%

Grand Total:

4,249

13,411

1,992

2,409

1,363

1,492

9%



MARKETING:
MARKET DEVELOPMENT... CANADA HAS NO QUANTITATIVE RESTRICTIONS ON HONEY IMPORTS FROM THE
UNITED STATES BUT MARKET OPPORTUNITIES FOR U.S. HONEY ARE LIMITED BY CANADA'S SURPLUS PRODUCTION POSITION AND A WEAK CANADIAN DOLLAR. HOWEVER, PROSPECTS IN THE FOOD SERVICE AND SPECIALTY FOOD MARKETS REMAIN FAIR. IN THE SPECIALTY FOOD MARKET, U.S. EXPORTERS ARE ENCOURAGED TO EXPLORE OPPORTUNITIES AT MAJOR SPECIALTY FOOD SHOWS HELD REGULARLY IN CANADA. U.S. HONEY IN JARS MUST CONFORM TO THE CONTAINER SIZE REGULATIONS NOTED BELOW.

TARIFFS. . . CANADA APPLIES NO IMPORT TARIFFS TO HONEY IMPORTS.

CANADIAN HONEY REGULATIONS. . . AS PART OF A GOVERNMENT PROGRAM OF FISCAL RESTRAINT, THE CANADIAN FOOD INSPECTION AGENCY (CFIA), IN EARLY JULY 1997, ANNOUNCED NEW INSPECTION FEES FOR, 1) INSPECTION AND REGISTRATION OF PACKING PREMISES AND HONEY INSPECTION IN THESE ESTABLISHMENTS, 2) THE ISSUING OF EXPORT CERTIFICATES AND, 3) THE VERIFICATION OF IMPORT DECLARATIONS. THE ACTION ESTABLISHES: AN ANNUAL REGISTRATION FEE OF $C100 FOR PRODUCER-GRADERS, $C200 FOR HONEY PACKERS AND, $C400 FOR HONEY PASTEURIZERS; A FEE OF $C150 PER SHIPMENT FOR THE INSPECTION OF HONEY AND ISSUANCE OF AN EXPORT CERTIFICATE AND; A FEE OF $C5.00 PER SHIPMENT OR 1.0 CENTS PER KILOGRAM, WHICHEVER IS GREATER, FOR IMPORTS (IN ADDITION TO THE EXISTING REQUIREMENT THAT ALL IMPORTS OF HONEY BE ACCOMPANIED BY AN IMPORT DECLARATION WHICH THE IMPORTER MUST SUBMIT TO THE INSPECTOR FOR VERIFICATION.

CONTAINER SIZE REGULATIONS. . . CANADIAN HONEY REGULATIONS STIPULATE THE FOLLOWING METRIC SIZES FOR DOMESTIC OR IMPORTED HONEY: ANY NET WEIGHT UP TO 150 GRAMS, 250 GRAMS, 375 GRAMS, 500 GRAMS, 750 GRAMS, 1KG, 1.5KG, 2KG, 3KG, AND 5KG. FOR BULK CONTAINERS: 7KG, 15KG, 30KG, OR ANY LARGER CONTAINER WHERE NET WEIGHT IS A MULTIPLE OF 1KG. U.S. HONEY CANNOT MEET CANADA #1 OR #2 GRADE IF IT CONTAINS FOREIGN MATERIAL THAT WOULD BE RETAINED ON A U.S. NATIONAL BUREAU OF STANDARDS 60 MESH SCREEN. U.S. EXPORTERS MARKETING LIQUID HONEY CONTAINING A PIECE OF HONEYCOMB IN THE JAR SHOULD NOTE THIS RESTRICTION. EXPORTS TO CANADA MUST BE ACCOMPANIED BY AN IMPORT DECLARATION FILLED OUT BY THE SHIPPER AND THE IMPORTER IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE IMPORT INSPECTION FEE NOTED ABOVE. COPIES OF THE IMPORT DECLARATION ARE AVAILABLE FROM THE DAIRY, FRUIT & VEGETABLE DIVISION, CANADIAN FOOD INSPECTION AGENCY, TELEPHONE (613) 225-2342. VISIT OUR HEADQUARTERS HOME PAGE AT HTTP://WWW.FAS.USDA.GOV FOR A COMPLETE SELECTION OF FAS' WORLDWIDE AGRICULTURAL REPORTING. FAS/OTTAWA E-MAIL: USAGR@ISTAR.CA