NATIONAL HONEY MARKET NEWS
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE
FRUIT AND VEGETABLE DIVISION
21 N. 1st AVENUE, SUITE 224
YAKIMA, WA 98902-2663
HONEY MARKET FOR THE
MONTH OF NOVEMBER, 2000 IN VOLUMES OF 10,000 POUNDS OR GREATER.
PRICES PAID TO BEEKEEPERS FOR EXTRACTED, UNPROCESSED HONEY IN
MAJOR PRODUCING STATES BY PACKERS, HANDLERS & OTHER LARGE
USERS, CENTS PER POUND, F.O.B. OR DELIVERED NEARBY, CONTAINERS
EXCHANGED OR RETURNED, PROMPT DELIVERY & PAYMENT UNLESS OTHERWISE
- MIXED FLOWERS, EXTRA
LIGHT AMBER, 49¢
- SOYBEAN, LIGHT AMBER, 48¢
- ALFALFA, WHITE, 50¢ - - - LIGHT AMBER, 40 - 49¢
- ALFALFA/CLOVER, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 49¢
- BLUE CURL, WHITE, 50¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 45¢ - - - LIGHT AMBER,
- ORANGE, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 53 - 54¢
- ORANGE/SAGE, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 50¢ (SMALL LOTS)
- ALFALFA, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 52¢
- BRAZILIAN PEPPER/WILDFLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 45¢
- GALLBERRY, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 60¢
- GALLBERRY/SAW PALMETTO, LIGHT AMBER, 42¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 43¢
- ORANGE, WATER WHITE, 53¢ (SMALL LOT) EXTRA LIGHT AMBER,
- ORANGE, LIGHT AMBER, 68¢ - - - AMBER, 58¢
- WILDFLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 45¢
- GALLBERRY, LIGHT AMBER, 55¢ - - - CUT COMB, $1.25 - 1.40
- ALFALFA, WHITE, 50¢ - - - LIGHT AMBER, 40¢
- CLOVER, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 46¢ (SMALL LOT)
- MINT, AMBER, 37¢ (SMALL LOT)
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 43¢ - - - BAKERY GRADE, 42¢
- CLOVER, WHITE, 52¢
- KNAPWEED, MEDIUM AMBER, 65¢
- CLOVER, WHITE, 53¢
- CLOVER, WHITE, 56¢
- CLOVER, WHITE, 60¢
- BUCKWHEAT, WHITE, 58¢
- CLOVER, EXTRA WHITE, 54 - 56¢ - - - WHITE, 53 - 56¢
- CLOVER, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 54¢ - - - LIGHT AMBER, 52¢
- BLACKBERRY, WHITE, 61¢ (SMALL LOT)
- CLOVER, WHITE, 61¢ (SMALL LOT)
- WILDFLOWERS, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 56¢ (SMALL LOT)
- CLOVER, EXTRA WHITE, 56¢ - - - WHITE, 50 - 58¢
- SUNFLOWER/MIXED FLOWERS, WHITE, 55¢
- ALFALFA, LIGHT AMBER, 40 - 41¢
- BERRY MIX, AMBER, 37¢
- BLACKBERRY, WHITE, 50¢ (SMALL LOT)
- BUCKWHEAT, DARK AMBER, 33¢ (SMALL LOT)
- CARROT, AMBER, 37¢ (SMALL LOT)
- CLOVER, WHITE, 49.5¢ - - - LIGHT AMBER, 40¢
- FIREWEED, WHITE, 50¢ (SMALL LOT)
- MINT, AMBER, 37 - 41¢ - - - DARK AMBER, 32¢
- RASPBERRY, WHITE, 50¢
- SNOWBERRY, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 47¢ (SMALL LOT)
- WILDFLOWERS, WHITE, 50¢ (SMALL LOT)
- BASSWOOD, LIGHT AMBER, 69¢
- CLOVER, WHITE, 58 - 59¢
- ALFALFA, WHITE, 60¢
- ALFALFA/CLOVER, WHITE, 58¢
PRICES PAID TO CANADIAN
BEEKEEPERS FOR UNPROCESSED BULK HONEY BY PACKERS AND IMPORTERS
IN U.S. CURRENCY, F.O.B. SHIPPING POINT, CONTAINERS INCLUDED
UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED. DUTY AND CROSSING CHARGES EXTRA. CENTS
- CLOVER, EXTRA WHITE, 56¢
- RAPESEED/CLOVER, WHITE, 54¢
- ALFALFA, WHITE, 53¢
PROVINCE & FLORAL SOURCE UNKNOWN
- WHITE, 57¢
PRICES PAID TO IMPORTERS
FOR BULK HONEY, DUTY PAID, CONTAINERS INCLUDED, CENTS PER POUND
EX-DOCK OR POINT OF ENTRY UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED.
EAST COAST. . . ARGENTINA
- CLOVER, WHITE, 49
- MIXED FLOWERS, WHITE, 49 - 50¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 49 - 50¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 48¢
- FLORAL UNKNOWN, WHITE, 52 - 53¢
EAST COAST. . . CHINA
- MIXED FLOWERS, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 48¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 48¢
WEST COAST. . . CHINA
- MIXED FLOWERS, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 47¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 43 - 45¢
CALIFORNIA BEESWAX MARKET
SITUATION --- NOVEMBER, 2000
(unbleached, raw beeswax, delivered to handlers's warehouse)
Producers delivered quite a bit of wax during November but many
handlers still weren't requiring a lot. The only sales of finished
products were to candle companies and they were even slower than
Light and medium colored wax was being traded at mostly $1.30
per pound. There were no reports of any dark wax being purchased.
COLONY, HONEY PLANT &
MARKET CONDITIONS DURING NOVEMBER
APPALACHIAN DISTRICT -
(MD, PA, VA, WV)
Cold weather has arrived to the District with temperatures
averaging 10-15 degrees below normal. Daytime highs have been
in the 40's and lower 50's with some days not getting out of
the 30's. Precipitation was very light and the area is still
very dry. Concern remains about the ability of some colonies
to make it through the winter due to poor honey stores. Careful
monitoring is being practiced.
Rainshowers were reported
across the state the first few days of November accompanied by
gusty winds. The clouds cleared out and several low pressure
systems moved across the state throughout the remainder of the
month. The most significant impact of the fronts was the very
cold temperatures in all areas of the state. Daily record lows
were reported on the 12th including 27 in Redding and a few days
later 30 degree lows were reported in the San Joaquin Valley.
On the 17th, Santa Barbara also had a low of 30 degrees which
was their fourth daily-record low in seven days. To the end of
November, temperatures continued to be as much as 10-12 degrees
below normal in most sections of the state.
Beekeepers are very happy with the condition of the bees going
into winter. A few areas could use a little more rain but the
cool weather was actually beneficial as the bees were tightly
clustered and not eating their winter stores. Producers were
also making sure to take frequent samples to test for mites.
Local bees have already been treated but there is some concern
about bees coming in from out-of-state. Bees from as far away
as the Dakotas and Minnesota were being brought to California
holding yards during November. Some of these bees were being
fed pollen substitute and sugar syrup.
Some packers report having problems getting adequate amounts
of honey because producers are holding their crops until the
details of the new loan program are released. They are also waiting
to see what happens with the anit-dumping suite against China
and Argentina. Because of that, a few packers purchased large
amounts of both foreigh and domestic honey early in the season.
Sales of bottled honey varied from only fair to good because
of the holidays.
During the month of
November, the average temperature for the Denver area was 39
degrees for the high and 16 for the low. This gave a mean temperature
of 27.5 degrees for the month. That figure was about eight degrees
colder than normal, and the second coldest month on record. Most
of the state received moisture in the form of snow during most
of the month, with most mountain areas receiving from 6 inches
to 24 inches. The eastern plains received very little precipitation
during the month. Because of the cold weather, most beekeepers
around the state provided supplemental feeding to their colonies
for most of the month. All migratory colonies have been placed
at their winter yards in California and south Texas and are reported
to be in fairly good condition at this time.
Colonies around the
state were generally in good condition. The fall honey flows
in October and November were considered poor at most locations.
Bees were unable to increase their level of stores in most areas
around the state. Due to the unfavorable honey flows in the fall,
beekeepers were actively involved in late October-early November
in supplemental feeding as colonies approach the winter months.
Feeding was heavy at some locations. Additional activities in
November included fall maintenance programs by beekeepers.
November was cold with only a few days warm enough for the
bees to get out for a cleansing flight. Migratory beekeepers
continued to stockpile their hives in preparation for the upcoming
pollination season. As many as 18 beekeepers participated in
Idaho Department of Agriculture mite survey. Samples were taken
in September and October with over 600 samples submitted. Results
are not expected to be released until after the New Year.
The beekeepers reported
that most bees were in good condition heading into winter. Temperatures
were generally above normal over the state the first of the month.
Mid-month temperatures were cooler & below normal readings
were reported. The last of the month, seasonable reading were
reported. Cleansing flights were reported in northern sections
while central & southern sections experienced high winds
which prevented normal cleansing flight activity.
The Illinois State Beekeepers' Association held their autumn
meeting. The Chief Apiary Inspector shared his annual Apiary
Inspection report. For the year 2000, the state lost approximately
66 beekeepers however, there were 57 new beekeepers registered
over the year.
Some beekeepers had started supplemental feeding after removing
mite treatment strips.
Honey movement was reported very good due to holiday baking.
Bulk movement has been slow for packers and commercial beekeepers.
Honey prices were about unchanged with prices quoted in the 55-60
cent range. This continues the trend of lower prices from previous
Most outside activities were wrapped up the first of the month
due to above normal temperatures. Beekeepers removed mite treatment
strips and overwintering wrapping was put in place. Many beekeepers
started supplemental feeding of sugar syrup due to favorable
Honeybees were working no floral sources due to several days
of low overnight temperatures and killing frost. Readings in
southern Indiana were reported low as 16 degrees the 22nd of
the month. Average temperatures for the month were generally
4 to 8 degrees above normal.
Honeybees were in good condition heading into winter with very
little problems being reported.
Demand for honey was very good, as holiday baking has increased.
Bulk honey sales were slow and prices have remained about unchanged.
The retail level sales were generally unchanged.
Colonies around the state were generally in good condition. There
was very little activity occurring in the state during November
with the exception of supplemental feeding of colonies. Activities
also included fall maintenance programs.
MISSOURI & IOWA
The November weather
was dry as precipitation ranged below normal. Bees are not eating
much & there was no activity due to cooler than normal weather
for this time of year. There were also a few mixed number of
days of warm weather when the bees could get out of the hives
for cleansing flights which also helps keep down Varroa Mites.
They are projecting there will be higher winter losses this year
due to the Varroa Mites and the varying weather conditions.
Some beekeepers have moved their bees to California for pollination
next spring. Others have moved to Texas because of the mites
and more working days to keep down the mites. There is no nectar
and very little pollen. The bees that are still in Iowa and Missouri
are basically consuming what's in the hive.
An early-season snowstorm
buried eastern Montana the beginning of November. The snow was
followed by cold temperatures that were as low as minus 10 -
20 degrees. A few days later, another storm dumped 14" of
snow to some areas along the northern plains. The later half
of November, weather conditions returned to more normal.
Migratory beekeepers finished hauling their bees to California
holding yards. The early, heavy snow caused problems the beginning
of November as beekeepers couldn't reach their hives. They had
to wait for the County to clear the roads. The bees that were
treated look good but thee were some losses in weaker colonies.
Other than repairing
equipment most beekeepers have finished for the year. Sales of
honey in the health food stores have been good this season.
It has been almost two years since the discovery of the first
Small Hive Beetle in North Carolina. Even though there is a quarantine
in all areas where they have been found, they are still spreading
very slowly. Currently the the beetles have been found in 15
of the 100 counties. According to apiary officials, the problem
is not as bad as it sounds, because in most of these counties,
the problem is very isolated. Licensed applicators are using
Check Mite to control the problem. Beekeepers are urged to be
vigilant in looking for this problem.
The fall honey flow was reported to have been good in the Mountains
and the Coastal Plains, but only fair in the Piedmont portion
of the state. The first half of the month was still fairly dry,
but rain and even a cold snap complete with a couple of inches
of snow on the 19th has helped the soil moisture across the state.
Along with monitoring for pests, beekeepers are being urged to
be prepared to do some feeding during the upcoming months.
The beginning of November was generally weather wise. The middle
of the month, daily record lows were recorded in Portland when
they dropped to 28 degrees on the 18th and Eugene reported 20
degrees a day later. The remainder of the month was fairly mild.
The bees are reported to be in very good condition going into
the colder winter months. Conditions were so mild the first part
of the month, a few beekeepers were still extracting a little
late honey flow. Some producers reported problems with colony
size being down from when they were checked earlier. No reason
for the decline has been discovered.
A cold November brought
the bees back to the hive early this year. Colonies are strong
going into winter. Migratory beekeepers are readying their equipment
and hives for the trip to California later this month. Plenty
of honey for sale, minimal buying activity.
November was mostly cold across the entire state. Spokane
received 5.9" of snow on November 8th & 9th which was
good because it protected some winter crops from the cold. On
November 11th, Spokane received their earliest sub-zero cold
on record when they dropped to minus 2 degrees. The cold continued
for the next ten days when high temperatures were only at or
below 32 degrees. Temperatures in other areas of the state were
also as much as 11 degrees below normal, especially east of the
Cascade Mountains. Seattle was also setting records of a different
kind when they recorded a 13-day dry spell from the 10-22nd.
By the end of the month, Seattle's rainfall stood at 1.84"
or 38% of normal.
Bees were either set in open fields or were taken to holding
yards in California for the winter. Most producers will go back
down to California at least one more time before the end of the
year to check on the condition of their bees.
the first of the month were ideal for the honeybees. They had
numerous cleansing flights due to temperature that were ten degrees
above normal. The remainder of the month, temperatures returned
to more seasonal.
Rainfall for the period was spotty with many areas receiving
less than a quarter inch. While most areas had little rainfall,
some areas of the southern sections had rainfall that caused
standing water in fields.
The State Apiary Department reported the state fall survey showed
a marked decrease in Varroa Mite infestations. Only 47% of checked
hives were found infected. In 1999, the fall survey showed 60%
of tested hives were infected with Varroa mites. Most beekeepers
treatment plans seem to have been showing success. Due to the
last three milder than normal winters combined with closer inspections
by beekeepers, brood diseases have shown decreases. Noteworthy
was decreases in Chalkbrood and American Foulbrood.
Commercial demand continued to be slow with little bulk movement
reported. Retail demand continued to be good due holiday baking.