NATIONAL HONEY MARKET NEWS
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE
FRUIT AND VEGETABLE DIVISION
21 N. 1st AVENUE, SUITE 224
YAKIMA, WA 98902-2663
HONEY MARKET FOR THE
MONTH OF OCTOBER, 2000 IN VOLUMES OF 10,000 POUNDS OR GREATER.
PRICES PAID TO BEEKEEPERS FOR EXTRACTED, UNPROCESSED HONEY IN
MAJOR PRODUCING STATES BY PACKERS, HANDLERS & OTHER LARGE
USERS, CENTS PER POUND, F.O.B. OR DELIVERED NEARBY, CONTAINERS
EXCHANGED OR RETURNED, PROMPT DELIVERY & PAYMENT UNLESS OTHERWISE
- MIXED FLOWERS, EXTRA
LIGHT AMBER, 50¢
- SOYBEAN, LIGHT AMBER, 48¢
- ALFALFA, WHITE, 50¢ - - - LIGHT AMBER, 44 - 45¢
- CLOVER, LIGHT AMBER, 44¢
- COTTON, LIGHT AMBER, 44¢ (SMALL LOT)
- MIXED FLOWERS, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 53¢ (DELAYED PAYMENT)
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 48¢ (DELAYED PAYMENT)
- STAR THISTLE, WHITE, 50¢
- BRAZILIAN PEPPER, LIGHT AMBER, 45¢
- GALLBERRY, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 50¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 44¢
- ORANGE, LIGHT AMBER, 45¢
- SAW PALMETTO, LIGHT AMBER, 45¢
- FLORAL SOURCE NOT AVAILABLE, LIGHT AMBER, 52¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 51¢
- FLORAL UNKNOWN, LIGHT AMBER, 51¢
- CLOVER, WHITE, 50 - 58¢
- CLOVER, WHITE, 55¢
- CLOVER, WHITE, 50 - 56¢ - - - EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 45
- CLOVER, LIGHT AMBER, 48¢
- BLACKBERRY, WHITE, 45¢ - - - EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 45¢
- BLACKBERRY, LIGHT AMBER, 40¢
- CLOVER, WHITE, 50¢ (SMALL LOT)
- STAR THISTLE, LIGHT AMBER, 40¢ (SMALL LOT)
- CLOVER, WHITE, 53 - 58¢ - - - EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 53¢
- CLOVER, LIGHT AMBER, 48¢
- CHINESE TALLOW, AMBER, 48¢ (SMALL LOT)
- BUCKWHEAT, AMBER, 36¢
- CLOVER, LIGHT AMBER, 40¢ (SMALL LOT)
- HUCKLEBERRY, LIGHT AMBER, 41¢
- MINT, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 45¢ - - - DARK AMBER, 32¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 40¢ (SMALL LOT)
- RASPBERRY, WHITE, 50¢
- SAGE, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 45¢ (SMALL LOT)
- SNOWBERRY, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 45¢ (SMALL LOT)
- VETCH, WHITE, 51¢ (SMALL LOT)
- CLOVER, WHITE, 65¢ (SMALL LOT, DELIVERED OUT-OF-STATE)
PRICES PAID TO CANADIAN
BEEKEEPERS FOR UNPROCESSED BULK HONEY BY PACKERS AND IMPORTERS
IN U.S. CURRENCY, F.O.B. SHIPPING POINT, CONTAINERS INCLUDED
UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED. DUTY AND CROSSING CHARGES EXTRA. CENTS
- CLOVER, WHITE, 60¢ - - - CLOVER/RAPESEED, WHITE, 52¢
- CLOVER, WHITE, 59¢
PROVINCE & FLORAL SOURCE UNKNOWN
- WHITE, 58¢
PRICES PAID TO IMPORTERS
FOR BULK HONEY, DUTY PAID, CONTAINERS INCLUDED, CENTS PER POUND
EX-DOCK OR POINT OF ENTRY UNLESS OTHERWISE STATED.
EAST COAST. . . ARGENTINA
- CLOVER, WHITE, 49
- MIXED FLOWERS, WHITE, 52 - 53¢ (HIGHER PRICE PREV. COMMITMENT)
- MIXED FLOWERS, EXTRA LIGHT AMBER, 50¢
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 46 - 49¢
EAST COAST. . . CHINA
- MIXED FLOWERS, LIGHT AMBER, 46¢
WEST COAST. . . ARGENTINA
- MIXED FLOWERS, WHITE, 57¢ (PREV. CONTRACTED)
WEST COAST. . . CHINA
- CHINESE TALLOW, WHITE, 47¢ - - - LIGHT AMBER, 45¢
CALIFORNIA BEESWAX MARKET
SITUATION --- OCTOBER, 2000
(unbleached, raw beeswax, delivered to handlers's warehouse)
Handlers were being offered more wax than previous months. Many
were not buying because they already have enough in their warehouses
to fill any orders that come in. Some beekeepers were trying
to sell their wax because they need the money or to trade for
supplies to winterize their bees.
Light and medium colored wax was being purchased or traded at
mostly $1.30 per pound with handlers paying more for large lots
of very good quality, clean wax.
Very little dark wax was purchased.
COLONY, HONEY PLANT &
MARKET CONDITIONS DURING OCTOBER
APPALACHIAN DISTRICT -
(MD, PA, VA, WV)
The conditions of hives in the Appalachian District are variable
to poor, and serious concem is mounting as to the bee's survival
rate for the upcoming winter. Dry conditions caused poor fall
bloom resulting in a less than adequate honey flow (some states
reporting 50% lower than normal). Most colonies have not built
up enough stores to last them through the winter. Beekeepers
and inspectors reported they were already seeing starvation in
some colonies due to very low to no honey stores and some beekeepers
are already supplemental feeding. Inspectors are recommending
careful monitoring of hives over the winter and combining weaker
colonies. There are also reports of hives robbing other colonies
There has not been measurable rain in the area for about 1-1/2
months and despite the cooler and wetter summer, the area is
very dry. There has been an increase in reports of Varroa mite
resistance to Apistan, especially among hobby beekeepers. Currently,
Cumaphous has been successful and most hobby beekeepers and commercial
operations with resistant colonies are applying this treatment.
A few states reported a very slight increase in American Foul
Brood since last year, which is of great concern to area beekeepers.
Most of the state experienced
cool, wet weather during October. Weekly temperatures averaged
2-6 degrees below normal. In the Sierra Nevada foothills, from
the 9th - 11th, total rainfall topped 3" while the Sacramento
Valley collected a daily-record total of .76". One cold
front provided the mountains with their first significant snowfall
above 5,000 feet. On the 22nd, gusty winds of 48 mph were reported
in Vacaville while Redding reached 41 mph. Another 20" of
snow fell from the 21-29th at elevations above 7,000 feet. October
rainfall records were also established in several parts of the
state including Monterey with over 4" and Salinas at nearly
Beekeepers were busy getting their bees ready for winter by medicating
and making divides. The cool weather was beneficial because the
bees were still able to gather pollen from early mustard and
eucalyptus. The variable weather in Southern California did keep
some queens from mating properly. A number of bees from out-of-state
were beginning to come in by the end of the month.
Packers reported that offerings of honey slowed during the month
as producers are waiting to see if the anti-dumping suit or the
farm bill will increase prices. Some packers are only taking
in honey that was previously contracted. Beekeepers were buying
frames and boxes.
During October, most
of the state has remained seasonal. The first of the month was
relatively dry, but the last two weeks has brought moisture to
most parts of the state in the form of rain to lower elevations
and snow to the mountain areas. Some areas of the state, especially
the southern mountains are still experiencing drought conditions
which can have major impacts to downstream water commitments
to other states. The Rio Grande River has commitments with guarantees
to New Mexico, Texas, and Mexico, but without sufficient moisture
in recent years, the vast underground aquifer has fallen drastically.
Temperatures during most of the month remained about normal,
with daytime highs in the low 50s to the low 60s and nighttime
lows in the mid 20s to mid 30s.
Most migratory bee colonies have been moved to their winter yards
in California and south Texas to work the late fall and winter
crops. Most colonies that were left in state are being given
supplemental feed as most food sources have frozen or dried up.
Beekeepers have medicated their colonies and are reporting fairly
good conditions at this time.
The beginnings of a
sub-tropical depression in the Florida Straits brought abundant
moisture to many southern and some central Peninsula areas. The
storm passed over southern localities and off the east coast
during the beginning of October. Cool and mostly dry weather
prevailed at the major stations. Daytime highs were in the 70s
and 80s, while nighttime lows were in the 50s and 60s.
Most of the migrating bees are back to the State. Some of them
will come back in the winter time. Some beekeepers have not been
too pleased with the Brazilian pepper crop. The rain storms on
the southeastern part of Florida eliminated the Brazilian pepper
crop. The floods were as bad as last year. The Brazilian pepper
crop was very short this season. The golden rod and a lot of
wild flowers are blooming in South Florida. The rains have been
good for plants for a winter store.
Demand for Florida honey is very light. Prices are much lower.
Beekeepers reported having wrapped up preparations for winter.
Bees were gathered into yards earlier this month to over winter.
Weather was fairly mild the first half of October, allowing beekeepers
to medicate and check on hive condition, followed by wet and
cooler the latter part of the month. Some hives will be transported
to California by the end of November allowing brood to gain full
strength before pollination begins.
The fall honey flow
for colonies overwintering in the state improved over the month.
The August and September poor flow turned to better than expected
due to frequent rainfall and above average temperatures. The
first four days of the month temperatures were ten to fifteen
degrees above normal throughout the state. The sixth of the month
the high and low at O'Hare airport Chicago was 48 and 34, which
was sixteen degrees below normal. The seventh of the month most
of the state reported the first killing frost. O'Hare reported
the Chicago temperature of thirty which tied the record low for
that date. Most of southern and central section reported freezing
temperature of thirty-two or below. This was in contrast to warm
temperatures reported from the thirteenth until the end of the
month. Most sections in the state reported high temperatures
in the low to mid eighties which was twelve to fifteen degrees
above normal. Rainfall varied throughout the state for the month.
The southeastern section reported twelve or more inches of rainfall
(which had caused minor river flooding) for the period while
most of the state was relatively dry.
Some beekeepers started supplemental
feeding activities. Goldenrod & white clover were the main
fall floral sources bees were working on. Noted this month, a
few bee swarms were reported in the central part of the state.
This was very unusual for October but senior beekeepers said
it had occurred before but was very rare this late in the year.
Honey and wax movement was reported very good at remaining farmers
markets and local fall festivals. Quality of honey offered has
been excellent adding to demand. Retail sales were reported good
while bulk movement was slow for packers and commercial beekeepers
barrel sales. Honey prices were about unchanged with prices quoted
in the 55-60 cent range. This continues the trend of lower prices
than previous years.
Most fall mite treatment had been completed with beekeepers completing
removal of various treating materials.
Weather conditions were ideal the first five days of the month.
The sixth of the month, most of the area experienced heavy frost.
By mid-month, temperatures climbed to the mid to low 70s.
Some areas reported a better fall flow of honey than others due
to spotty rainfall. The southeast section around Louisville,
Kentucky reported the best fall flow of aster and goldenrod due
to lesser amounts of rainfall than most other parts of the state.
The central part of the state, that was hit by frequent days
with high winds and rainfall, reported the least fall flow. Floral
sources bees had been working (mostly in southern section) were
various fall wildflowers and goldenrod bloom.
Some of the migrant colonies were inspected by the State Apiary
Dept. before departing for overwintering in various southern
states however, the State Apiary Inspector commented colony inspections
had wrapped up for the season.
Demand for honey was very good, as many farmers markets &
fall festivals throughout the state featured local honey. Bulk
honey sales were slow & prices remained about unchanged.
The retail level sales were generally unchanged.
Colonies around the state were generally in good condition. In
the central and northern locations of the state fall honey flows
were considered to be poor at most locations. Floral sources
such as aster, goldenrod, and Spanish needle were affected by
dry weather. Colony strength going into the winter months is
a concern. Supplemental feeding is taking place in the weaker
colonies. In the southern section of the state, there was a dirth
of any significant pollen or nectar sources during October. Supplemental
feeding is taking place in the weaker colonies. Throughout the
state, beekeepers were involved in fall maintenance programs
including the final stages of mite treatments.
MISSOURI & IOWA
Harvest weather during
October continued to be generally good. Precipitation was below
normal. Temperatures were generally normal except for some very
cool nights in the middle of October and some very warm days
the last week of the month. Some beekeepers in some locations
have been doing some heavy feeding. Beekeepers that had not already
brought in the honey crop were busy with harvest and in Iowa
were busy finishing up preparing the bees for winter. A fair
estimate of this years crop will be obtained in November.
The first half of October
was cool and wet across the state except for an occasional spot
that would have a day of unseasonably warm weather. The northern
half was the coldest with temperatures as much as 16 degrees
below normal. Nighttime lows frequently dipped into the teens
and single digits. Several early-season storms brought heavy
precipitation. Helena's month-to-date precipitation through the
14th was 1.87" which accounted for 24% of their year-to-date
total. During the same two weeks, Missoula totaled 1.78"
and Great Falls recorded 1.06". Conditions varied through
the end of the month with an occasional daytime high in the upper
70's to low 80's in the south while nighttime lows continued
to dip into the teens in the northeast. The central section of
the state is still fairly dry.
Bees that aren't wintered in the state or sold as packages were
prepared for their trip to California yards in November. Each
colony is brought in from summer locations, inspected for size
and strength and feed is added when necessary. Most of the bees
are reported to be in very good condition.
are pretty well closed down for winter. Hives are in real good
shape going into winter, very few weak colonies were found when
medicating and adding feed for the up coming winter months. Weather
has been fair and bees have been seen bringing in late pollen
from the rabbit brush. Many of the migratory beekeepers have
already taken hives to winter in California.
Weather for New England was very cool and fall like with temperatures
ranging from lows in the 40s daytime highs in the 60s with an
occasional day in the 70s.
Harvesting finished up late in October with good activity reported
for the final month. Harvest this year was off by more than 50%
in most areas, some areas near the coast reported less then 50%
with most losses due to disease and starvation. Most all beekeepers
are feeding at this time.
October in North Carolina can be described in two words, warm
and dry. Daytime highs throughout the month ranged from the upper
70s to the mid 80s in the eastern half of the state, while the
mountains stayed in the low and mid 70s. Nighttime lows ranged
from the upper 20s to almost 60, but rose rapidly each day. But
along with this beautiful weather, very little if any rainfall
was recorded across most of the state. Soil conditions are yery
dry. Bees have been active during these warm days.
Retail sales have been good with the influx of "leaf lookers"
in the Mountains.
Temperatures varied across the state throughout October. Rainfall
ranged form a weekly total of over 2" along the coast to
only light showers in Eastern Oregon. The first heavy frost of
the fall occurred the last week of October with the south-central
region the coldest. Eugene set a daily-record low on the 23rd
when they dropped to 28 degrees. During the same time, snow fell
in the mountains. By the end of the month, topsoil moisture was
adequate in most areas of Western Oregon but as much as 50% short
in other parts of the state.
The bees are reported to be in good condition as they were prepared
for winter by feeding when necessary and adding mite treatments.
Mild temperatures allowed the bees to leave their hives for cleansing
flights. There is currently not any plants for them to work except
a little wild carrot.
Most beekeepers are
winding down their operations, as they have completed feeding
and medication of hives for the winter months ahead. Anticipation
is that honey sales will be on the up swing with the start of
the holiday season in November.
For most of October, conditions were unseasonably warm in
Western Washington with a few showers reported. Central and Eastern
Washington also had warm days but nighttime lows frequently dipped
below freezing and the amount of precipitation varied. In some
areas, the lack of moisture since summer had delayed the planting
of some crops.
The bees are reported to be in good condition in Western Washington
but there is concern about an increase of Foulbrood. The disease
appears to have built up a resistance to conventional treatments.
The honey crop varied this year. Colonies set near blackberry
fields produced a good yield but the fireweed crop was spotty.
Daytime highs in the upper 60's allowed the bees plenty of days
for cleansing flights even if was drizzling.
Bees that were in North and South Dakota for the summer were
brought back to the state after the honey crop was extracted.
The clover crop was only fair from North Dakota and a little
better in South Dakota. The size of the crop depended on how
much moisture was received during the summer. In some cases,
the honey flow ended early because of a lack of rainfall and
the bees came back hungry. Feed and mite treatments were added
before they were taken to California holding yards. Mite counts
are reported to be fairly low and the colonies are bigger than
previous years. Cold nighttime temperatures pretty much killed
off any plants that had been providing a food source, especially
in the far eastern parts of the state.
were above normal over most of the month. The exception was the
first weekend when temperatures dipped into the low to mid twenties
across the state. Heavy killing frost was reported in many areas.
Most periods of rainfall were heavy. Many areas experienced one
to three inch rains during each period of rainfall.
Most beekeeper activity has been preparing colonies for overwintering
by adding sugar water or candy boards. Fall treatment for mites
had been completed by month's end.
The fall demand for honey improved as many fall festivals were
in full swing. Honey and wax prices remained mostly steady for
the month. Commercial demand continued to be slow with little
bulk movement reported. Retail demand continued to be good.