Raising fall queens?
I've read some about fall queens and I would like to try my hand at it this year. I know I'm jumping the gun somewhat by asking this question now but I want to get prepared. In north AL, around what date will I need to make the grafts to have queens ready for the fall flow? Our first frost date is usually sometime in very late October or early November. Is fall queen rearing completely dependent on whether or not there is a fall flow? I guess feeding syrup and pollen patties are a way to work around a drought but I'd rather just let them feed naturally if at all possible.
Thanks for any and all advice.
The more I learn about bees, the less I know, but the tide is turning.