Re: The 'queen excluder' synonymous with a 'honey excluder!'
The best way to use an excluder in my nectar flow conditions is when the first surplus honey supers go on, split the brood chamber with the excluder. Have the queen and the capped brood in the deep above the excluder and the queen and open brood below. The bees work both sides of the excluder because of the brood, as the capped brood emerges the cells are filled with the winter food stores, and then the surplus supers are filled.
If your flow is heavy and fast an excluder may not be needed, the bees fill the surplus supers with nectar before the queen uses them for brood. If the flow is weak, and stops and starts, the queen will fill the supers with brood before there is enough nectar coming in to fill them.
38 years - 25 colonies, 32 Nucs - IPM disciple - Naturally Skeptic