Re: How to Raise Queen Bees - Hands-on Classes and/ or Good Reference Books
The main basics are to use a strong well fed queenless hive or unit to start the cells.
Graft, comb cut, or whatever in such a way the bees can build the queen cells pointing straight down. The very simplest way of doing this is just to trim away part of a comb where eggs or just hatched larvae are, so the cells can be built straight down from there.
Day before hatching, cells are transferred to some kind of queenless nuc, if there is no natural flow at the time give them a little syrup which aids in acceptance of the cell.
To me, there can be a huge array of methods designed to suit the beekeeper that will produce fine queens, if they incorporate these basics.
44 years, been commercial, outfits up to 4000 hives, now 120 hives and 200 nucs as a hobby, selling bees. T (mostly).