Re: Mating Nucs
Smallest amount of bees that's worked for me is 250 mls, once the queens are laying if you want to get another round you add another 125 mls so she can lay a bit more & the bees can cover it, pull the queen a few days later.
Yes queens in these small nucs will often mate faster than say a 4 deep frame nuc. But they also have a higher rate of supersedure and failure after they are sold. My personal theory is the queens in the small nucs feel more urgency so mate & start laying faster. But the queens in the larger nucs can take longer and get it done right, hence the better performance after they are sold.
44 years, been commercial, outfits up to 4000 hives, now 120 hives and 200 nucs as a hobby, selling bees. T (mostly).