We all know very well the importance of a high quality queens. We all have experienced "those'' queens that we wish were in everyone of our hives.
While there will always be a need to push for higher quality queens we also have learned the importance of their studs, Drones.
Multiple Drones complex the hive with their different genetics. Say a queen gets mated with 17 drones. Up to 17 types of workers will be represented in the hive. Each of the 17 types of workers are genetically a little different even if they look similar.
Some might be more hygienic, fighters of disease, other might stink at that and be better at pollen gathering or something else. Much has yet to be learned in this field.
In "my" hives the appearance of the workers varies due to incorporating new queens for drone production colonies. From VSH Italians, USDA Russians, Feral colonies I have captures and liked, buckfast, Minnosota Hygenic and more.
This post is to compile thoughts, observations, and especially research that has been provided thru various bee labs and honeybee circles on drones.
(Like) Methods to produce drones, what keeps them from being as viable?, is feeding drone hives sugar water and pollen sub producing a less viable drone due to poorer nutrition?
Keep it civil and on topic.
If you want to be the symbol for the democratic party then do it elsewhere.