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  1. #1
    Join Date
    Jan 2010
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    Alachua County, FL, USA
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    Default Diverse Microbiota Identified in Whole Intact Nest Chambers of the Red Mason Bee

    Diverse Microbiota Identified in Whole Intact Nest Chambers of the Red Mason Bee Osmia bicornis (Linnaeus 1758)
    Microbial activity is known to have profound impact on bee ecology and physiology, both by beneficial and pathogenic effects. Most information about such associations is available for colony-building organisms, and especially the honey bee. There, active manipulations through worker bees result in a restricted diversity of microbes present within the colony environment. Microbial diversity in solitary bee nests remains unstudied, although their larvae face a very different situation compared with social bees by growing up in isolated compartments. Here, we assessed the microbiota present in nests and pre-adults of Osmia bicornis, the red mason bee, by culture-independent pyrosequencing. We found high bacterial diversity not comparable with honey bee colonies. We identified a variety of bacteria potentially with positive or negative interactions for bee larvae. However, most of the other diverse bacteria present in the nests seem to originate from environmental sources through incorporated nest building material and stored pollen. This diversity of microorganisms may cause severe larval mortality and require specific physiological or symbiotic adaptations against microbial threats. They may however also profit from such a diverse environment through gain of mutualistic partners. We conclude that further studies of microbiota interaction in solitary bees will improve the understanding of fitness components and populations dynamics.
    http://www.plosone.org/article/info%...l.pone.0078296
    americasbeekeeper.com
    beekeeper@americasbeekeeper.com

  2. #2
    Join Date
    Dec 2012
    Location
    Fort Walton Beach, Florida
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    1,256

    Default Re: Diverse Microbiota Identified in Whole Intact Nest Chambers of the Red Mason Bee

    Quote Originally Posted by AmericasBeekeeper View Post
    We found high bacterial diversity not comparable with honey bee colonies.
    This is interesting, but wasn't there recently a study that showed that honeybees from never-treated colonies have much higher biodiversity than colonies that had been treated, and that even colonies that came from once-treated stock, even after many years of non-treatment, still showed a lower level of diversity? It makes me wonder if the authors of the study about the solitary bees are aware of this finding. Perhaps the difference in diversity is due more to the fact that the solitary bees have never been domesticated.

  3. #3
    Join Date
    Jan 2010
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    Alachua County, FL, USA
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    Default Re: Diverse Microbiota Identified in Whole Intact Nest Chambers of the Red Mason Bee

    It seems they do not usually read or consider divergent studies.
    americasbeekeeper.com
    beekeeper@americasbeekeeper.com

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