Re: When should you pull honey supers?
2) I pull the supers off when they finish capping the honey and it is ready for extracting, no exact date. I don't extract the fall honey so I leave the supers on all winter which allows them to eat the honey when they need to eat. After winter, i extract the rest of the non-eaten honey right before flows begin and make room for more honey.
3)If the hive that swarmed is weak, then i would leave the second box on there and walk away. They can lay brood or store honey whichever they please.
I can't give you a good answer for 1 or 4
Potato Guns shouldn't be illegal in Texas!