Lack of Variation at Phosphoglucose Isomerase (Pgi) in Bumblebees: Implications for Conservation Genetics Studies
A goal of modern conservation genetics is to address the extent to which adaptive variation, especially for loci where polymorphism should be maintained, is affected by the forces known to affect neutral diversity, in small and/or isolated populations [1]. The degree of genetic variation observed within haplodiploid insects and in social Hymenoptera, in particular, is expected to be comparatively low due to evolutionary genetic consequences of haplodiploidy and other factors associated with sociality [32], [36], [39].