Here in NY lost close to 40 hives this winter.

The only treatment that I practised this year was to mineral oil vaporize. Not sure if I'll do that again, though I am sure that I will not treat w/chems.

I have plenty of equipment for a cpl hundred 10 frame & a cpl hundred 5 frame colonies.
I can't say what caused the losses. Some starved (my fault), then many w/plenty of stores.
Overwintered 5 frame nucs seemed to do better than 10 frame colonies....???

With a balance of selling bees & honey the goal.

What's your plan to rebuild your hive #'s from winter losses?

What precautions to take using equipment from losses?

What's your advice for treating drawn frames to redeploy?