Re: Treatment Free Commercial Beekeepers?
Fifty years back we were in the process of recovering from epidemic levels of AFB thru use of TM and Apiary Inspection identifying diseased colonies and enforcing the burning of said diseased colonies. We were also dealing w/ Tracheal mites, aka Isle of Wight Disease. Maybe you weren't aware of this?
Originally Posted by mnbeekeeper
Periodically there have been maladies effecting beekeeping down thru the ages.
"It's not what you look at that matters, it's what you see." Henry David Thoreau, Mark B