Re: Treatment Free Commercial Beekeepers?
European Honeybees are Livestock. Livestock brought here along w/ other animals and plants not readily found here in North America in the 17th Century. So, it is proper for us to treat our bees as others treat their cattle and pigs and rabbits and horses, as livestock. As livestock, it is our responsibilty to care for them as best we can for mutual benefit. As far as keeping of bees on a Commercial Level is concerned.
Mark Berninghausen "To float, upheld, as salt water would hold you, once you dared." Denise Levertov, poet