Tell the EPA: Immediately suspend the pesticide (s) that's killing bees!
A blockbuster study by the European Food Safety Authority has for the first time labeled the pesticide believed to be behind colony collapse disorder as an "unacceptable" danger to bees. EPA should take immediate action and suspend the use of clothianidin.
BUT..... WE ALSO MUST ADD in our email.....Imidacloprid, thiamethoxam, and dinotefuran as ALL are neonicotinoids which are acutely toxic to honey bees as well as thiacloprid and acetamiprid.
NOTE: IF WE DO NOT ADD THEM, THE EPA WILL ALLOW THE OTHER 5 NEONICOTINOIDS! These neonicotinoid insecticide chemicals are highly water soluble and are present throughout treated plants from seed to harvest! Neonicotinoids are known to persist in the soil for years and have the potential to accumulate in the soil.
And in case folks don't see them, here are the links to some of the studies mentioned in the article:
1. "Pesticides and Honey Bees: State of the Science," Pesticide Action Network North America
2. " Insecticide 'unacceptable' danger to bees, report finds," Guardian, 1/16/13
3. "European Agency concludes neonicotinoid pesticides too dangerous for bees," NRDC, 1/16/13
4. "Leaked document shows EPA allowed bee-toxic pesticide despite own scientists' red flags," Grist, 12/10/10
In this article you will find discussion on:
*Multiple routes of pesticide exposure for honey bees living near agricultural fields,
*Synergistics and combined effects of "Chemical cocktails: fungicides, pyrethroid inxecticides and mitecides",
*synergistic effects between neonicotinoids and fungicides, (neonicotinoid was found to be up to 1,141 times more toxic to bees when combined with a common fungicide)
* Microbiota out of balance: Gut cultures, immunity + nutrition (An emerging paradigm of colony health--microbial balance of the honey bee and hive or Apis malifera.) as a result of
* High levels of miticides and agrochemicals in North American apiaries--implications for honey bee health which include systemic pesticides and systemic fungicides
With specific regard to pesticides, the authors noted that broad spectrum antibiotics and fungicides applied directly to control disease, are also known to destroy beneficial non-target fungi and bacteria in ways may disrupt the hives beneficial microbial balance.
Imidacloprid is habitually present in flowering treated corn at levels known from previous dose studies to induce a variety of harmful effects including eventual death for honey bees due to Imidacloprid-contaminated corn pollen. Imidacloprid made up of 54% of pollen samples collected at hive entrances.
Concentrations of highly toxic neonicotinoid insecticides known to cause harm to honey bees include not only Clothianidin but Imidacloprid, both which persist in the soil for years and have the potential to accumulate in the soil! as well as Thiamethoxam, and dinotefuran which are of the subclass nitroguanidines. Cyanoamidines, another subclass of neonicotinoid insecticides that are not quite as acutely toxic to honey bees include thiacloprid and acetamiprid.
These neonicotinoid insecticide chemicals are also highly water soluble and are present throughout treated plants from seed to harvest!
Note: The table on page 7 as well as pages 8-10 which describe the terms acute toxicity, sub-lethal toxicity and cumulative and chronic effects which will help in observation of your own hives and individual bee behavior and activity.
* Entombed pollen--what it is and its cause and effect on the entire colony.
Please ask those in your circle of influence to respond to the above link and to ADD the other 5 neonicotinoid chemicals as the only one this group is suggesting to the EPA is clothianidin .
Maybe members would like to discuss this article at our next meeting.
208 409-9386 cell
660 562-3331 hm
Helping people and animals LiveBetter~Naturally!