Re: Walk away splits
i don't think all emergency queens are inferior.
i have one made last spring that i will probably graft from this year.
likewise, not all queens made in a palmer style cell builder end up great.
a queen is not proven until she is proven.
(and by extension, a colony is not proven until it is proven, i.e. for desirable traits)
fair to say though, the likelihood of getting a great queen (and a better colony) is better when conditions are optimal for doing so.
journaling the growth of a treatment free apiary started in 2010. 20+/- hives