Re: Running 5-frame medium nucs year-round instead of 8 or 10 frame
I have heard a med of honey is 60 lbs a deep 90 and a shallow is around 40. Not sure where 30 came from.
3, 4,5 ,8 or 10 frame boxes. you are still going to need the frames. you can go 30 fraems in 3-10 frame boxes or 6-5frame boxes. But you are still going to buy those frames. Foundation more than doubles the cost of a frame. Place fraems between already drawn fraems and it will cause a lot less problem and save you over a dollar frame. You will have to put more attention into getting foundations frames drawn. Btu there is not magic in doing it. I put a foundationless frame in one of my hive last year as a temporary thing. the bees drew comb in half of it no problem at all. Read up on how to give them some sort of guide to start with. not a perfect answer but it helps. and remember new comb without foundation is fragile.
At times it is difficult to get bees to draw foundation. at those times I found they will not build comb at all. I didn't tinker with it much though. You might find a way to get them to do it even in the slow periods.
Just one more way to skin the cat to me.
Significant Minority vs Insignificant Majority, 20% of causes produce 80% of the effects.