Re: benign beekeeping?
I don't consider anything about a kept hive natural. I also think that gaining any benefit from pursuing natural methods has a very long way to go. Here is just one tiny example of why
Studies have been conducted on a queens ability to store sperm dependent on just the temperature she is kept at. Queens kept at 34 degrees C where able to store more sperm that those that where kept at 24 degrees C Note larger colonies are able to maintain proper temperatures.
If just one small factor can have an effect. what could the possible effects of a list like Michael has made be doing?
Significant Minority vs Insignificant Majority, 20% of causes produce 80% of the effects.