Quote Originally Posted by Solomon Parker View Post
We move hives perhaps thousands of miles, which I have found is extremely stressful, leading to dieoffs.

What's the opposite of benign beekeeping, malignant beekeeping?
I don't recall ever reading anything you ever wrote about moving bees thousands of miles. When did you do that and what were your observations?

The opposite of benign beekeeping could be benign neglect.