Re: Foundationless Frame Questions
The answers to some of those questions are matters of opinion. So I'll give you mine but you'll also get different.
1. Yes. BUT, because your hive at the moment likely does not have as much drone comb as the bees would like, the first comb they will build will be drone comb. You just have to allow them to do this until they think they have enough, after that they will build worker comb. Don't destroy the drone comb they will only build more. Later, when they have built a lot of worker comb, you can remove some or all of the drone comb if you wish.
2. Your choice. Just be aware that natural comb does not have as thick foundation as man made comb foundation, so natural comb may not stand up as well in the honey extractor.
3. Yes you should wire them. Long as you set the hive level, the bees will build the combs down exactly through the wires.
4. Until the frame breaks down. I've used comb more than 40 years old. That's controversial though LOL!
5. Yes. You may need to re-tension the wires.
44 years, been commercial, outfits up to 4000 hives, now 120 hives and 200 nucs as a hobby, selling bees. T (mostly).