Re: Square Hives, 13 Frame Boxes, Big Hives, and Swarming
Square has the benefit that you can orient the comb "warm way". The deeper 11 frame hives beeware is referring to is the Dadant hive. They became obsolete in the US because we are geared towards migratory operations and the smaller Langstroth hive ships more per truck.
The Jumbo Lang and Modified Dadant are both still popular in Europe, The second being the choice hive of Brother Adam and still in use at Buckfast Abbey to date.
As far as wintering; look up the DE hive from Canada. They were designed for superior wintering and that is accomplished with a square box that can be oriented cold way for maximum summer access and warm way for wintering.
Always question Conventional Wisdom.