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  1. #1
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    Default Honey Bee Sub-species

    Is this pretty accurate and what have I missed? Thank you

    Honey Bee sub-species

    Bold species are available or present in the United States.

    Africanized - Apis mellifera scutellata - hardiness, quick build-up,
    swarmy, abscond, build brood over stores, no cold resistance

    All-American- Italian hybrid mite resistance, quick build-up, gentle, not swarmy, production, wintering, housekeeping

    All-Star- Italian hybrid

    Anatolian– Apis mellifera Anatolica - prolific, wintering, vitality, longevity, orientation
    Aggressive in cold, enormous number of queen cells, swarming

    Buckfast – gentle, mite resistance, spring build-up, not swarmy, wintering, longevity, production, housekeeping

    Carnolian – Apis mellifera Carnica – good temper, calm on the combs, industry, orientation, hardiness, brood disease resistance, winter survival, thriftiness, minimal propolis, good on cold and wet days
    Swarming, premature spring build-up, reluctance to enter supers, poor comb building, suspend brood rearing in pause of honey flow

    Cape – Apis mellifera Capensis – workers lay by thelytoky

    Caucasian – Apis mellifera Caucasica – gentle, tongue-reach, stores food close to brood, stores on minimum comb, work cool and wet
    Brace comb, propolis, susceptible to disease, late build-up, drifting, robbing, wet cappings

    Cretan- Apis mellifera Adami – good production
    Aggressive, clusters of queen cells

    Cyprian - Apis mellifera cypria – not swarmy, best performance, best wintering, vitality,quick build-up, disease resistant, no brace comb, orientation
    Limited fertility, defensive, laying workers

    Egyptian – Apis mellifera Fasciata (Lamarckii) – no propolis, very prolific, calm, self-defense, low drifting
    Aggressive, moderate fertility, no winter cluster, clusters of queen cells, No cold resistance

    German – Apis mellifera mellifera – 3 sub-types - mellifera (brown bee) lehzeni (heathland bee) nigra (black bee) overwinter well
    Slow spring build-up

    Greek – Apis mellifera Cecropia – fecundity, reluctance to swarm, colony strength, good housekeeping
    Excessive propolis, brace comb, watery flat cappings

    Italian – Apis mellifera Ligustica – industry, gentleness, fertility, reluctance to swarm, comb building zeal, white cappings, willingness to enter supers, cleanliness, disease resistance
    Excessive brood rearing, lacks vitality, drifting

    Kona – Italian or Cordovan hybrid, mite resistance

    Midnight - Caucasian and Carniolan hybrid

    Minnesota Hygienic – disease resistant, hygienic

    Russian – mite resistance, winter hardiness, less propolis, quick build-up
    always raising queen cells, swarmy, small population even during flow

    Saharan – Apis mellifera Sahariensis – vitality, longevity, comb-building
    Low fecundity, cold susceptible

    SMR – Suppression of Mite Reproduction – mite tolerant, hygeinic

    Starline – Italian hybrid, vigor, production, fast build-up
    Large winter population, poor overwinter

    Syrian - Apis mellifera syriaca –
    Defensive

    Tellian or Arab - Apis mellifera intermissa – pollen gathering, vitality
    Defensive, swarmy, excessive brood rearing, heavy propolis, disease susceptibility,

    Tien Shan - Apis mellifera pomonella- Apidologie 34 (2003) 367–375 © INRA/DIB-AGIB/ EDP Sciences, 2003 DOI: 10.1051/apido:2003037

    VSH – Varroa Suppression Hygeinics

    Yugo Russian and Carniolan hybrid, overwinters well, not swarmy

    The page is http://americasbeekeeper.org/Honey_Bee_sub-species.htm I will fix the html tags. Thank you
    americasbeekeeper.com
    beekeeper@americasbeekeeper.com

  2. #2
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    Default Re: Honey Bee Sub-species

    Not Carnolian, Carniolan.

    Nice list. So are you saying that all of these are available in the USA, now? Or that all of those were brought here at one time or another?

    You say that "Bold species are available or present in the USA.", but nothing in your post is bold.

    You are missing, "Primorski Russian", and some of the other varieties/strains available from Russell Apiaries.
    Last edited by Joseph Clemens; 07-19-2011 at 09:30 AM.
    48 years - 50 hives - TF
    Joseph Clemens -- Website Under Constructioni

  3. #3
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    Default Re: Honey Bee Sub-species

    Thank you for the spell check and Russell recommendation. I considered all the hybrids and brand naming. I almost deleted Kona and may still. When there is enough history from several sources to determine/verify characteristics I will add them to the list. I also have personal opinions on some I did not include. I have never worked a Russian I liked or did not have to "suit up" for, or Aureal that were not hygeinic, but I did not include personal observations. If I follow Karl Kehrle's example, it is not a variety until it has been around for several generations.
    americasbeekeeper.com
    beekeeper@americasbeekeeper.com

  4. #4
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    Default Re: Honey Bee Sub-species

    You guys know a lot more than I claim to, but a hybrid should not be considered a seperate subspecies because they lose their specific traits after several generations. They only exist temporarily. If the breeders that cross lines to make the hybrids stopped, they would cease to exist in a few years. Am I correct or not?

  5. #5
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    Default Re: Honey Bee Sub-species

    This is a great list by the way.

  6. #6
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    Default Re: Honey Bee Sub-species

    Every variety is a hybrid at some time. Only geographic boundaries separate current lines. Buckfast is a hybrid of A.m. ligurica (North Italian), A.m. mellifera (English), A.m. mellifera (French), A.m. anatolica (Turkish) and A.m. cecropia (Greek) that has been stable for many years.
    americasbeekeeper.com
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  7. #7
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    Default Re: Honey Bee Sub-species

    OK. I thought Starline & Midnights were not stable and had about died out.

  8. #8
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    Default Re: Honey Bee Sub-species

    Starline and Midnight have an inbred component. Inbred varieties do not survive long due to genetic depression. Starline and Midnight have not been available for years. I used them and they were nice to work and good producers.
    americasbeekeeper.com
    beekeeper@americasbeekeeper.com

  9. #9
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    Default Re: Honey Bee Sub-species

    While the list is reasonable, it is not very useful. You haven't separated geographic species from breeding lines or hybrids.

    If you put
    Apis Mellifera Carnica
    Apis Mellifera Mellifera
    Apis Mellifera Ligustica
    Apis Mellifera Scutellata


    You would have a grouping of geographic races.

    You might also look for a listing of species of honeybees. For example, Apis Dorsata, Apis Florea, etc.

    DarJones
    DarJones - 45 years, 10 colonies (max 40), sideliner, treatment free since 2005, 11 frame broodnest, small cell

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