Re: queen included in commercial hive?
You have to specify you want a queen.
Depends on the breeder and their own methods. But some of them will remove the queen from a nest & sell the nest queenless, and use the queen to start a new nest.
Another thing also though, commercial nests seem to slowly go downhill from the time they are purchased, and also the queens in them often don't look very healthy. Whereas my own wild collected nests will thrive and continue to grow.
44 years, been commercial, outfits up to 4000 hives, now 120 hives and 200 nucs as a hobby, selling bees. T (mostly).